- Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal)
:"Sharing the same name, the cardinal's grand-uncle became
Pope Alexander VIII.Pietro Ottoboni ( july 2, 1667– February 29 1740), was an Italian Catholic cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII. He is remembered especially as a great patron of music. Ottoboni was the last person to hold the curial office of Cardinal Nephew, which was abolished by Alexander VIII's successor, Pope Innocent XII, in 1692.
Pietro was born in
Veniceto the noble Ottobonifamily, whose most prominent member had been his grand-uncle Pope Alexander VIII(1689–1691). The family had bought their way into Venetian nobility in the 17th century.
He received the clerical tonsure and the minor orders on
October 20 1689and was created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 7 1689, receiving the red hat on November 14. He was superintendent general of the affairs of the Apostolic See, and governor of the cities of Fermoand Tivoli, as well as of the territory of Capranica.
He held the office of vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from
November 14 1689until February 29 1740. He was cardinal-bishop of Sabina1725, cardinal-bishop of Frascati, 1730, Cardinal-bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina, 1734, and vice-dean then dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals( September 3 1738). Ottoboni was also archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, secretary of the Roman Inquisition, Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica (from 1730) and Grand prior of Ireland.
Patron of the arts
Ottoboni was one of the great patrons of his generation. He resided in the
Palazzo della Cancelleria, where he supported Arcangelo Corelli, the finest violinist of his generation, at his Monday night concerts called "academies". Through these concerts, Corelli was introduced to Handel. When he died in 1713, Corelli left his estate, including his valuable pictures, to the Cardinal, who distributed the sizable funds among Corelli's relations and erected a princely tomb for the musician in the Pantheon. Other protegés of the cardinal were Antonio Vivaldiand Antonio Caldara. Ottoboni even wrote texts of cantatas for some of them. When operawas banned in Rome, performances withdrew to Ottoboni's Cancelleria. His triumphal return to Venice in 1726 was celebrated with musical festivities that included a serenata "Andromeda liberata", with arias contributed by various Venetian masters, including Vivaldi.
The young Sicilian architect
Giovanni Battista Vaccariniand painters Sebastiano Conca, Sebastiano Ricciand Francesco Trevisanialso benefited from his patronage. One of his most important commissions were the "Seven Sacraments" executed in 1712 by Giuseppe Maria Crespi(now in the Museum of Dresden). In 1735 he donated his Roman sculptures and other antiquities to the Capitoline Museums.
Debt and dispersal
Despite his numerous benefices, and his alliance with the French crown, the expenses of the cardinal were perpetually exceeding his income. Upon his death, his inheritors had to quickly liquidate his properties and collections to pay off debts.
His music library was dispersed after his death, but the so-called "Manchester Concerto Part-books" have survived with sets of separate parts for 95 compositions, mostly concertos; the manuscript scores came into the possession of
Charles Jennens, the librettist for Handel’s "Messiah". The diverse contents of the concerto collection suggest that Ottoboni’s musicians acquired and performed music from artistic centres elsewhere (notably Venice and Bologna) as well as works composed in Rome.
Ottoboni was a member of the
Academy of Arcadia.
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1689.htm| Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
* [http://www.editionhh.co.uk/hh25pref.htm| Paul, Major, "Giuseppe Valentini, Sinfonia in D"] : the Manchester Concerto Part-books
* [http://www.manchester.gov.uk/libraries/central/hwml/early.htm| Manchester Libraries: Manchester Concerto Part-books]
* [http://www.museicapitolini.org/ Musei Capitolini]
*"Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740) And The Vatican Tomb Of Pope Alexander VIII" Edward J. Olszewski (2004) DIANE Art & Art Instruction ISBN 087169252X
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