Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri

Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri
Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri

Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri (Malayalam: മേല്‍പതതൂര്‍ നാരായണ ഭട്ടതിരി) (1559–1664), third student of Achyuta Pisharati, was of Madhava of Sangamagrama's Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics. He was a mathematical linguist (vyakarana). His most important scholarly work, Prkriya-sarvawom, sets forth an axiomatic system elaborating on the classical system of Panini. However, he is most famous for his masterpiece, Narayaneeyam, a devotional composition in praise of Guruvayoorappan (Sri Krishna) that is still sung at the temple of Guruvayoor.


Birth and Education

Sri Bhattathri was a Namboodiri Brahmin from Melpathur, on the north banks of Bharathapuzha River, close to a holy town called Thirunavaya, famed as the theatre of the Mamankam festival. Bhattathiri's father was Mathrudattar, a pandit himself. Bhattathiri studied from his father as a child. Learning Rig veda (adhyayanam) from Madhava, Tharka sastra (science of arguments in Sanskrit) from Damodara, Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar) from Achyuta Pisharati, he became a pandit by the age of 16. He married Achuta Pisharati's niece and settled in Thrikandiyur.

The Narayaneeyam

The Narayaneeyam is a devotional Sanskrit work, in the form of a poetical hymn, consisting of 1036 verses (called 'slokas' in Sanskrit). It was written by Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri and gives a summary of 18,000 verses of the Bhagavata Purana. Narayaneeyam was written during the year AD 1586.

Bhattathiri's Vyakarana (sanskrit grammar) Guru, Achyuta Pisharati, was struck with paralysis. Unable to see his pain, by yogic strength and by way of Gurdakshina, Bhattathri is said to have taken the disease upon himself and relieved his guru. To relieve Narayana of this disease, Ezhuthachan, a Malayalam poet and Sanskrit scholar hinted- "meen thottu koottuka" (start with the fish). On the face of it, the suggestion would seem offensive to an orthodox Brahmin, who are strict vegetarians. However, Bhattathiri, understanding the hidden meaning, decided to present the various incarnations of Lord Vishnu starting with the fish, as narrated in the Bhagavata Purana in a series of Dasakas (Groups of ten slokas). Upon reaching Guruvayur, he started composing one dasaka a day in the presence of the Lord. The refrain in last sloka of every dasaka is a prayer to him to remove his ailments and sufferings. Every day, he sang 10 shlokas on Sri Guruvayoorappan. Each set of 10 poems ends with a prayer for early cure. In 100 days he finished his compositions. On 27 November 1587 when he finished the last dashakam ("Ayuraarogya Sowkhyam") he was cured. The 100th canto composed on that day gives a graphic description of this form of the Lord from the head to the foot. On that day he had a vision of the Lord in the form of Venugopalan. He was 27 then. He was a propounder of Purva Mimamsa, Uttara Mimamsa and Vyakarana.

See also

  • Guruvayoor
  • Guruvayoor Temple
  • Narayaneeyam
  • instead of Ezhuthachan it should be Poonthanam

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Narayana Pandit — This article is about Indian mathematician Narayana Pandit. For Narayan Pandit, the writer of the book Hitopadesh, see Narayan Pandit. Narayana Pandita (Sanskrit: नारायण पण्डित) (1340–1400) was a major mathematician of India. Plofker writes that… …   Wikipedia

  • Narayaniyam — Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri Narayaniyam is a medieval Sanskrit text, comprising a summary study in poetic form of the Bhagavata Purana. It was composed by Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri, a devotee poet who lived in the Indian state of Kerala,… …   Wikipedia

  • Guruvayurappan — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Lord Guruvayurappan Name = Guruvayurappan Devanagari = गुरूवायुरप्पन Sanskrit Transliteration =guruvāyūrappan Pali Transliteration = Tamil script = Script name = Malayalam Script = ഗുരുവായൂരപ്പന്‍ Affiliation = God of =… …   Wikipedia

  • Poonthanam — (1547 1640) was an ardent devotee of Guruvayoorappan (Krishna). He was born near Perinthalmanna in the present Malappuram district of Kerala, to a Nambudiri Brahmin family, and was known as a contemporary of Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nambudiri — നമ്പൂതിരി …   Wikipedia

  • Mādhava of Sañgamāgrama — Madhava Born c.1350 Died c.1425 Residence Sangamagrama (Irinjalakuda (?) in Kerala) Nationality Indian Ethnicity …   Wikipedia

  • Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics — The Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics was a school of mathematics and astronomy founded by Madhava of Sangamagrama in Kerala, South India, which included among its members: Parameshvara, Neelakanta Somayaji, Jyeshtadeva, Achyuta… …   Wikipedia

  • Escuela de Kerala — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Escuela de Kerala fue una escuela de matemáticas y astronomía fundada por Madhava en Kherala (sur de India) que incluía como miebros destacados a Parameshvara, Neelakanta Somayaji, Jyeshtadeva, Achyuta Pisharati,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indian mathematics — mdash;which here is the mathematics that emerged in South Asia from ancient times until the end of the 18th century mdash;had its beginnings in the Bronze Age Indus Valley civilization (2600 1900 BCE) and the Iron Age Vedic culture (1500 500 BCE) …   Wikipedia

  • Achyuta Pisharati — Thrikkandiyoor Achyuta Pisharati (1550 ndash; 1621) was a renowned Sanskrit grammarian, astrologer, astronomer and mathematician of his time. He was a student of Jyestadeva and a member of Madhava of Sangamagrama s Kerala school of astronomy and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.