- Transylvanian School
The Transylvanian School ("Şcoala Ardeleană" in Romanian) was a cultural movement which was founded after part of the
Romanian Orthodox Churchin Habsburg-ruled Transylvaniaaccepted the leadership of the Popeand became the Greek-Catholic Church (ca. 1700). The links with Rome brought to the Romanian Tranylvanians the ideas of the Age of Enlightenment. The Transylvanian School's major centres were in the cities of Blaj, Oradea, Lugojand Beiuş.
Its members were the first Romanians that contemplated the
origin of Romaniansfrom a scientific point of view, bringing historical and philological arguments in favour of the thesis that the Transylvanian Romanians were the direct descendants of the Roman colonists brought in Daciaafter its conquest in early 2nd centuryAD.
The Transylvanian School had a notable impact in the Romanian culture of both Transylvania, but also of the Romanians living across the Carpathians, in
Wallachiaand Moldavia, leading to the National awakening of Romania.
The Transylvanian School created the current phonetic system of the
Romanian alphabetbased on the Latin alphabet, largely derived from the Italian and the French alphabets. This replaced the use of the medieval Romanian Cyrillic alphabetas well as the previously Latin alphabet based phonetic system which had been based on the Hungarian alphabet. Another notable contribution of the Transylvanian School was the usage of the first French and Italian neologisms.
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