Kander and Ebb


Kander and Ebb

, for whom they wrote a considerable amount of material for the stage, concerts and television.

History

John Kander and Fred Ebb were introduced by their mutual music publisher Tommy Valando in 1963. They first collaborated on a small show called "Golden Gate", which producer-director Harold Prince called "...basically a test to see if the collaboration was any good." They wrote "Flora the Red Menace", their first musical to be produced on Broadway, in 1965, in which Liza Minnelli made her Broadway debut. Another early collaboration was the industrial musical "General Electric presents Go Fly a Kite" written with Walter Marks for General Electric's 5th Electric Executives Conference in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1966.

Kander's and Ebb's greatest acclaim came from the musical "Cabaret" (1966) and the 1972 film version. The musical, directed by frequent collaborator Harold Prince, was a major success, with a Broadway run of over 1,100 performances. It won a Tony Award as the season's best musical, and its original cast recording won a Grammy Award. The film, directed by Bob Fosse, won eight Academy Awards. The musical "Chicago" (1975), which was initially a lukewarm success, was rewritten in 1996 and became a hit. It has become the longest-running revival in Broadway history, and the "2002 film version" was also a great success, including an Oscar nomination for the collaboration. Other Broadway successes included "Woman of the Year" (1981), "Kiss of the Spider Woman" (1992), "Fosse" (1999), and, posthumously for Ebb, "Curtains" (2006).

Minnelli became strongly associated with Kander and Ebb, with Ebb producing Minelli's Emmy-winning television special "Liza With a Z". They appreciated the actress's excellent musicianship and found her congenial to work with. Kander said, "One of the nice things about writing for Liza is that you don't have to write for Liza. She can do anything. You know that whatever you do write, she's going to deliver it exactly the way you intended it. It's really the same with Chita Rivera, the other woman in our lives." ["The Art Of The American Musical: Conversations With The Creators", Jackson R. Bryer, Richard Allan Davison, p. 102, 2005, Rutgers University Press, ISBN 0813536138]

Kander's and Ebb's fascination with the collaborative process began with their work on "Cabaret", where a long experimental period permitted actors such as Joel Grey to contribute ideas toward the creation of their characters. The creative team often met at Harold Prince's home to discuss ideas. These sessions are discussed in the Kander and Ebb biography, "Colored Lights", as 'what if' sessions. ["Colored Lights: Forty Years of Words and Music, Show Biz, Collaboration, and All That Jazz", John Kander, Fred Ebb, and Greg Lawrence, p. 61, November 5, 2003, Faber & Faber, ISBN-10: 057121133X]

In 1998, Kander and Ebb were recognized for their contributions to theatre and music with Kennedy Center Honors.

In 1994, they were granted honorary Doctorate degrees from Niagara University, in Lewiston, New York.

Musicals

*"Flora the Red Menace" (1965)
*"Cabaret" (1966)
*"Go Fly a Kite" (1966), an industrial musical for General Electric
*"The Happy Time" (1968)
*"Zorba" (1968)
*"70, Girls, 70" (1971)
*"Chicago" (1975)
*"The Act" (1978)
*"Woman of the Year" (1981)
*"The Rink" (1984)
*"And The World Goes 'Round" (1991)
*"Kiss of the Spider Woman" (1992)
*"Steel Pier" (1997)
*"Fosse" (1999)
*"Over and Over" aka "All About Us" (a.k.a. "The Skin of Our Teeth") (1999)
*"The Visit" (2001)
*"Curtains" (2006)

Films

*"Cabaret" (1972)
*"Funny Lady" (1975)
*"Chicago" (2002)
*"New York, New York" (1977) (Four original songs, including the famous title song)

References

External links

* [http://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/index.cfm?fuseaction=showIndividual&entitY_id=3725&source_type=A Kennedy Center bio Fred Ebb]
* [http://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/index.cfm?fuseaction=showIndividual&entitY_id=3938&source_type=A Kennedy Center bio John Kander]
* [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/broadway/stars/kander_j.html PBS biography]
*imdb name|0437218|Kander
*imdb name|0247939|Ebb


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • And the World Goes 'Round — Infobox Musical name= And the World Goes Round subtitle= caption=Original Cast Recording music=John Kander lyrics=Fred Ebb book=Revue basis= productions= 1991 Off Broadway 1992 U.S. Tour awards= And the World Goes Round is a musical revue… …   Wikipedia

  • Ebb, Fred — ▪ 2005       American lyricist (b. April 8, 1928?, New York, N.Y. d. Sept. 11, 2004, New York City), collaborated with composer John Kander for more than 40 years, and together they created enduring music for a number of classic Broadway shows.… …   Universalium

  • Kander, John — born March 18, 1927, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. U.S. songwriter. He studied music at Oberlin College and Columbia University and later wrote arrangements for plays. With lyricist Fred Ebb (b. 1932), a native New Yorker who also studied at Columbia… …   Universalium

  • Fred Ebb — (April 8 1933 [Ebb’s birth year is a source of mystery. Many sources list 1933 as his birth year, [http://www.ibdb.com/person.asp?ID=5654/ 1] , others, such as Colored Lights , claim 1936. After his death, many said that his actual birth year was …   Wikipedia

  • John Kander — John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927 in Kansas City, Missouri) is the American composer of a series of musical theatre successes as part of the songwriting team of Kander and Ebb.Kander attended The Pembroke Country Day School and Oberlin… …   Wikipedia

  • Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro — Film director Martin Scorsese and actor Robert De Niro frequently collaborated throughout their careers, making a total of eight films together since 1973.[1] Most of the pair s films were of the crime genre; many of which have since been… …   Wikipedia

  • Lerner and Loewe — Lerner und Loewe waren ein für ihre erfolgreichen Arbeiten während der 1940er und 1950er Jahre im amerikanischen Musiktheater bekanntes „Songwriting Team“. Der viel jüngere Alan Jay Lerner lernte Frederick Loewe 1942, zwei Jahre nach seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Tony Award and Olivier Award winning musicals — The following is an annotated alphabetical list of musicals that have won the Tony Award or Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical.: m = music, l = lyrics, b = book::(Noteworthy trivia appear in parentheses)::(5,678) = number of performances (in …   Wikipedia

  • List of persons who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards — This is a list of persons who have won Grammy, Academy, Tony, and Emmy Awards, GATE , the four major entertainment awards in American show business. Winners of the four major entertainment awards To date, nine artists have each won all four of… …   Wikipedia

  • Days of Wine and Roses and Other TV Requests — Studio album by Andy Williams Released 1963 …   Wikipedia