official_name = Kowloon
native_name = 九龍/九龙
image_caption = Map of Kowloon District
map_caption = Location within Hong Kong
County_sq_mi = 2870
population_footnotes = Fact|date=February 2007
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 2,019,533
population_density_km2 = 43033
timezone = UTC
utc_offset = +8
Kowloon refers to an urban area in
Hong Kongmade up of Kowloon Peninsulaand New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Munstrait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuenand Stonecutter's Island in the west, Tate's Cairnand Lion Rockin the north, and Victoria Harbourin the south. It had a populationof 2,019,533 and its population density was 43,033/km² in 2006. Kowloon is located north of Hong Kong Islandand south of the mainland part of the New Territories. The peninsula's area is approximately 47 km² or 18.1 mi². Together with Hong Kong Island, it contains 48% of Hong Kong's total population.
The more accurate transcription Kau Lung or Kau-lung was often used in derived place names before
World War II, for example "Kau-lung Bay" instead of Kowloon Bay.
The name Kowloon came from the "nine dragons" represented by eight peaks and a Chinese emperor:
Kowloon Peak, Tung Shan, Tate's Cairn, Temple Hill, Unicorn Ridge, Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Crow's Nest and Emperor BingFallon, Steve.  (2006) Hong Kong and Macau. Lonely Planet Publishing. ISBN 9812582460]
The part of Kowloon south of
Boundary Street, together with Stonecutters Island, was ceded by Qing Chinato the United Kingdomunder the Convention of Pekingof 1860. For many years the area remained largely undeveloped, used by the British mainly for tiger-hunting expeditions.
The part of Kowloon north of Boundary Street (
New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the " New Territories" in 1898 for 99 years. Within New Kowloon is the Kowloon City, which refers to an area, where the Kowloon Walled Cityused to be located. The Kowloon Walled City itself was demolished in 1993. The same area was called 官富場 (Pinyin: "Guanfuchang") during the Song Dynasty.
In modern day conversations, however,
New Kowloonis often not regarded as part of the New Territories, but as an integral part of the Kowloon urban area on both sides of Boundary Street. For rates tax purposes, New Kowloon is not considered part of Kowloon. Properties in New Kowloon are subjected to pay the land leases as those in the New Territories.
Large-scale development of Kowloon began in the early 20th century, with the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the
Due to Kowloon's close proximity to
Kai Tak Airport, building constructions were limited by flight paths. Compared to Hong Kong Island, Kowloon resulted architecturally in much lower skyline. After World War IIKowloon became extremely congested when slums for refugees from the newly established People's Republic of Chinagave way to public housing estates, mixed with private residential, commercial and industrial areas.
West Kowloon was once home to a dockyard for the
Royal Navyand is now used as a typhoon shelter.It is usually reached by boat; namely the Star Ferry. On July 1, 1997, both parts of Kowloon were transferred to the People's Republic of Chinaalong with the rest of Hong Kong.
Kowloon covers two geographical constituencies for the
Legislative Council of Hong Kong:
*Kowloon East includes Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong
*Kowloon West includes Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po and Kowloon City
List of areas of Hong Kong
List of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong
* [http://www.westkowloon.hk The West Kowloon Cultural Village website - NEW PROJECT!]
* [http://www.legislation.gov.hk/blis_ind.nsf/0/ab9adcb3dd7e876e48256648002f6f16?OpenDocument Cap 1 Sched 4 Area of Kowloon]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kowloon — [kaʊ luːn], Kaulun, chinesisch Jiulong [dʒju ], Halbinsel und Stadt in Hongkong, hat als Distrikt (42,6 km2) 2,03 Mio. Einwohner (höchste Bevölkerungsdichte in Hongkong). Kowloon ist Geschäftsstadt sowie Verkehrsknotenpunkt des Territoriums am… … Universal-Lexikon
Kowloon — Kowloon, chines. Bezirk, s. Kaulun … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Kowloon — [kou′lo͞on′] 1. peninsula in SE China, opposite Hong Kong island & part of Hong Kong region: 3 sq mi (7.8 sq km) 2. city on this peninsula: pop. 2,450,000 … English World dictionary
Kowloon — 九龍 Kowloon … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kowloon — Bloc d habitation à Kowloon Kowloon (sinogrammes traditionnels 九龍) est une partie de Hong Kong située sur le continent, au nord de l île de Hong Kong, et au sud de la partie continentale des Nouveaux Territoires. Elle comprend la péninsule de… … Wikipédia en Français
Kowloon — Para otros usos de este término, véase Ciudad amurallada de Kowloon. Kowloon en 1915 … Wikipedia Español
Kowloon — /kow loohn /, n. Older Spelling. 1. a peninsula in SE China, opposite Hong Kong island: a part of the Hong Kong colony. 3 sq. mi. (7.8 sq. km). 2. a seaport on this peninsula. 715,440. Also called Jiulong. * * * or Jiulong Peninsula on the… … Universalium
Kowloon — Original name in latin Kowloon Name in other language Chiu lung, Czjulun, Kaulunas, Koulun, Kowloon, jiu long, julung, yi fa ban, Цзюлун State code HK Continent/City Asia/Hong Kong longitude 22.31667 latitude 114.18333 altitude 92 Population… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kowloon — geographical name see Jiulong … New Collegiate Dictionary
Kowloon — noun An urban area of Hong Kong … Wiktionary