Kowloon


Kowloon

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kowloon
native_name = 九龍/九龙
nickname =
motto =



image_caption = Map of Kowloon District


image_



map_caption = Location within Hong Kong
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
County_sq_mi = 2870
population_footnotes = Fact|date=February 2007
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 2,019,533
population_density_km2 = 43033
population_density_sq_mi =
timezone = UTC
utc_offset = +8
footnotes =

Kowloon refers to an urban area in Hong Kong made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutter's Island in the west, Tate's Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and Victoria Harbour in the south. It had a population of 2,019,533 and its population density was 43,033/km² in 2006. Kowloon is located north of Hong Kong Island and south of the mainland part of the New Territories. The peninsula's area is approximately 47 km² or 18.1 mi². Together with Hong Kong Island, it contains 48% of Hong Kong's total population.

The more accurate transcription Kau Lung or Kau-lung was often used in derived place names before World War II, for example "Kau-lung Bay" instead of Kowloon Bay.

History

The name Kowloon came from the "nine dragons" represented by eight peaks and a Chinese emperor: Kowloon Peak, Tung Shan, Tate's Cairn, Temple Hill, Unicorn Ridge, Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Crow's Nest and Emperor BingFallon, Steve. [2006] (2006) Hong Kong and Macau. Lonely Planet Publishing. ISBN 9812582460]

The part of Kowloon south of Boundary Street, together with Stonecutters Island, was ceded by Qing China to the United Kingdom under the Convention of Peking of 1860. For many years the area remained largely undeveloped, used by the British mainly for tiger-hunting expeditions.

The part of Kowloon north of Boundary Street (New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the "New Territories" in 1898 for 99 years. Within New Kowloon is the Kowloon City, which refers to an area, where the Kowloon Walled City used to be located. The Kowloon Walled City itself was demolished in 1993. The same area was called 官富場 (Pinyin: "Guanfuchang") during the Song Dynasty.

In modern day conversations, however, New Kowloon is often not regarded as part of the New Territories, but as an integral part of the Kowloon urban area on both sides of Boundary Street. For rates tax purposes, New Kowloon is not considered part of Kowloon. Properties in New Kowloon are subjected to pay the land leases as those in the New Territories.

Large-scale development of Kowloon began in the early 20th century, with the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the Kowloon Wharf.

Due to Kowloon's close proximity to Kai Tak Airport, building constructions were limited by flight paths. Compared to Hong Kong Island, Kowloon resulted architecturally in much lower skyline. After World War II Kowloon became extremely congested when slums for refugees from the newly established People's Republic of China gave way to public housing estates, mixed with private residential, commercial and industrial areas.

West Kowloon was once home to a dockyard for the Royal Navy and is now used as a typhoon shelter.It is usually reached by boat; namely the Star Ferry. On July 1, 1997, both parts of Kowloon were transferred to the People's Republic of China along with the rest of Hong Kong.

Administration

It comprises the following districts:
*Kowloon City
*Kwun Tong
*Sham Shui Po
*Wong Tai Sin
*Yau Tsim Mong

Politics

Kowloon covers two geographical constituencies for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong:
*Kowloon East includes Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong
*Kowloon West includes Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po and Kowloon City

ee also

*New Kowloon
*West Kowloon
*Boundary Street
*Nathan Road
*Argyle Street
*List of areas of Hong Kong
*List of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong

References

External links

* [http://www.westkowloon.hk The West Kowloon Cultural Village website - NEW PROJECT!]
* [http://www.legislation.gov.hk/blis_ind.nsf/0/ab9adcb3dd7e876e48256648002f6f16?OpenDocument Cap 1 Sched 4 Area of Kowloon]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kowloon —   [kaʊ luːn], Kaulun, chinesisch Jiulong [dʒju ], Halbinsel und Stadt in Hongkong, hat als Distrikt (42,6 km2) 2,03 Mio. Einwohner (höchste Bevölkerungsdichte in Hongkong). Kowloon ist Geschäftsstadt sowie Verkehrsknotenpunkt des Territoriums am… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kowloon — Kowloon, chines. Bezirk, s. Kaulun …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kowloon — [kou′lo͞on′] 1. peninsula in SE China, opposite Hong Kong island & part of Hong Kong region: 3 sq mi (7.8 sq km) 2. city on this peninsula: pop. 2,450,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kowloon — 九龍 Kowloon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kowloon — Bloc d habitation à Kowloon Kowloon (sinogrammes traditionnels 九龍) est une partie de Hong Kong située sur le continent, au nord de l île de Hong Kong, et au sud de la partie continentale des Nouveaux Territoires. Elle comprend la péninsule de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kowloon — Para otros usos de este término, véase Ciudad amurallada de Kowloon. Kowloon en 1915 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kowloon — /kow loohn /, n. Older Spelling. 1. a peninsula in SE China, opposite Hong Kong island: a part of the Hong Kong colony. 3 sq. mi. (7.8 sq. km). 2. a seaport on this peninsula. 715,440. Also called Jiulong. * * * or Jiulong Peninsula on the… …   Universalium

  • Kowloon — Original name in latin Kowloon Name in other language Chiu lung, Czjulun, Kaulunas, Koulun, Kowloon, jiu long, julung, yi fa ban, Цзюлун State code HK Continent/City Asia/Hong Kong longitude 22.31667 latitude 114.18333 altitude 92 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kowloon — geographical name see Jiulong …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kowloon — noun An urban area of Hong Kong …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.