Pays de la Loire


Pays de la Loire

Infobox French region
native_name = Région Pays de la Loire
common_name = Pays de la Loire


image_flag_size =



image_logo_size = 140px
capital = Nantes
area = 32,082
area_scale = 10
Regional president = Jacques Auxiette
(PS) (since 2004)
population_census = 3,222,061
population_census_year = 1999
population_estimate = 3,455,000
population_estimate_year = 2007
population_density = 108
population_density_year = 2007
population_rank = 5th
arrondissements = 17
cantons = 192
communes = 1,503
departments = Loire-Atlantique
Mayenne
Maine-et-Loire
Sarthe
Vendée


footnotes=
|

Pays de la Loire is one of the 26 regions of France. It is one of the regions created in the late 20th century to serve as a zone of influence for its capital, Nantes, one of a handful so-called "balancing metropolises" ("métropoles d'équilibre")¹. Other examples of "artificially created" regions include Rhône-Alpes, which was created as the region for Lyon, and Midi-Pyrénées, which was created as the region for Toulouse.This regions has been created by Pétain associate of Hitler.

Geography

Pays de la Loire is made up of the following historical provinces:
*a part of Brittany, with its old capital Nantes contained within the Loire-Atlantique department. This is only 20% of Brittany. The other 80% of Brittany make up the region of Bretagne.
*Anjou: is largely contained within the Maine-et-Loire department. The whole of the former province of Anjou is contained inside Pays de la Loire.
*Maine: is now divided between the Mayenne and Sarthe departments. The whole of the former province of Maine is contained inside Pays de la Loire.
*a part of Poitou: is contained within the Vendée department. Most of the old province of Poitou is inside the Poitou-Charentes region.
*a part of Perche: is within the northeast of Sarthe department. The rest of Perche is inside the Basse-Normandie and Centre regions.
*a small part of Touraine: southeast of Maine-et-Loire department. Most of the former province of Touraine is inside the Centre region.

Consequently, the name of the region, chosen by the French central government, was not based on history, but purely on geographical references: Pays (i.e. "lands") de la Loire (i.e. "of the Loire River"). However, the majority of the famous châteaux of the Loire Valley are located in the Centre region, and not inside Pays de la Loire, despite the confusing name. The Pays de la Loire present many great monuments as the castles of Angers, Laval, Mayenne and the Nantes "Château des Ducs de Bretagne", the Royal Fontevraud Abbey (the widest monastic ensemble in Europe), the old city of Le Mans but also many Natural Parks (as the Brière, the Marsh of Poitou...).

Demography

Evolution of the population listed by departments:

Major communities


*Angers
*Cholet
*Châteaubriant
*La Roche-sur-Yon
*Laval
*Le Mans
*Nantes
*Orvault

*Rezé
*Saint-Herblain
*Saint-Nazaire
*Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire
*Saumur
*Vertou

External links

*fr icon [http://www.paysdelaloire.fr Regional Council of Pays de la Loire Official Site]
*fr icon [http://www.cuab.org "Bretagne Réunie", political group for a "United Brittany", oppose the "Pays de Loire" ]
*fr and br icon [http://44bzh.blogspot.com Blog: Nantes is Brittany]
*fr [http://ligeriose.blogspot.com/ The "ligériose", name of a local disease consisting in advertising the "Pays de Loire" without mentioning Breton identity in Nantes]
*en icon [http://loire.wikidot.com/ Official Pays-de-la-Loire Information in English]

Notes

¹ In the 1960s, eight large regional cities of France (Lille, Nancy, Strasbourg, Lyon, Nantes, Bordeaux, Marseille, Toulouse) were made "balancing metropolises", receiving special financial and technical help from the French government in order to counterbalance the excessive weight of Paris inside France.


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