Jēkabpils


Jēkabpils

Latvian Cities
name=Jēkabpils
Coa=Escut Jekabpils.png



Caption=
citysince=1670
location_

n1=56
n2=30
e1=25
e2=51
othernames= _de. Jakobstadt
Mayor=Leonīds Salcevičs
nrofmembers=13
District=Jēkabpils
area=23
Water=
Rural=
Elevation=
population=26010
density=1130
postcode=LV-520(1-6)
callcode=52
webpage=http://www.jekabpils.lv/JKP/

Jēkabpils (audio|Jekabpilspronunc.ogg|pronunciation; _de. Jakobstadt) is a city in Latvia roughly halfway between Riga and Daugavpils. The Daugava river runs through the city, and the ancient valley, branches, and islands of the river are considered picturesque. The city was home to an air base during Soviet rule.

History

A stone cross-castle - Cruczeborch (German: "Kreutzburg") - was built in 1237 by the crusading Livonian Order. Archeological excavations on the castle mound indicate that this place was a busy trading centre for the Latgalians, one of the Latvian tribes. When the castle was built, the village of Krustpils grew up around it. The village was often destroyed during local wars, such as Polish-Swedish battles, but was always rebuilt afterward.

During the 17th century persecuted Old Believers from Russia settled along the Daugava river. In 1670 this settlement gradually growing around the Salas tavern became known as Jēkabpils (Jakobstadt in German) in honor of the Duke of Courland, Jacob Kettler, who granted it its city charter.

A local legend about the town's origin states that the duke was hunting one day but became lost. At the Daugava River he simultaneously spotted a lynx underneath a fir tree as well as a town at the same time. This image of the lynx underneath a fir tree is the town's coat of arms.

Jēkabpils and Krustpils were merged in 1962.

Geography

The population of Jēkabpils town is 29,100. The two historical parts of Jēkabpils — Krustpils and the older part of Jēkabpils — are connected by the bridge across the river Daugava.

ights

Jēkabpils

In the oldest part of the town the older buildings have been preserved.

Jēkabpils District

One of the Struve Geodetic Arc original station points is located in Struves park. In Tadenava, not far from Jēkabpils itself, there is a memorial museum to the great Latvian poet Rainis. There are also the Justine and Dugnaja castle sites. The highest point of Selija – Ormankalns - is in Klauce area. Between Nereta and Akniste there is a memorial museum "Riekstini" of famous Latvian writer J. Jaunsudrabins.

ee also

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • JEKABPILS — (Ger. Jakobstadt), town in Zemgale (Courland) district, Latvia. The Jews who were present in the town despite a ban against them were expelled in 1739, and allowed to resettle there after the Russian takeover in 1795. A community was organized in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jekabpils — Original name in latin Jkabpils Name in other language EKABPILS, Jakobstadt, Jekabpilis, Jekabpils, Jkabpils, Kreuzburg, Krustpils, Yakabpils, Yekabpils, ЕКАБПИЛС, Йекабпилс State code LV Continent/City Europe/Riga longitude 56.49903 latitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Jēkabpils — Sp Jẽkabpilis Ap Jēkabpils L Latvija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Jekabpils — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Jēkabpils Country and Admin Code LV.74 LV …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Jekabpils Rajons — Jēkabpils rajons Jēkabpils Pays Lettonie Population * …   Wikipédia en Français


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