Barossa German


Barossa German

Barossa German (German: "Barossadeutsch" or "Barossa Deutsch") refers to a dialect of German, which was once common in South Australia. [ [http://www.atlas.sa.gov.au/go/resources/atlas-of-south-australia-1986/regional-areas/barossa-valley Atlas of South Australia | Barossa Valley ] ] The prominent South Australian writer, Colin Thiele (1920-2006), whose grandparents were German immigrants, referred to "Barossa Deutsch" as: "that quaintly inbred and hybrid language evolved from a century of linguistic isolation". [ [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20412496-27648,00.html Stephany Steggall, "Teller of tales that teach" ("The Australian", September 15, 2006)] . Access date: June 7, 2007.] It takes its name from the Barossa Valley, where many German people settled during the 19th century. Some words from Barossa German have entered South Australian English. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/linguafranca/stories/2004/1052272.htm ABC Radio National, "South Australian Words" ("Lingua Franca", February 28, 2004).] Access date: June 7, 2007.]

History

The first wave of German settlement in Australia began in 1838. German was first spoken in the Barossa Valley in the 1840s, when German Lutheran settlers from Prussia arrived in the area. [ [http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/dnutting/germanaustralia/d/d-bethany.htm Dave Nutting, 2001, "Bethany — the first settlement in the Barossa Valley"] "German Australia " (website). Access date: June 9, 2007.] .

Use of the German language in Australia declined as a result of World War I. Even though many German Australians enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and fought against Germany, many others were interned, and immigration by German people was officially banned between 1914 and 1925. In addition, the German language was actively suppressed by the Australian government during the war. For example, many placenames with German origins were changed. Lutheran schools were closed and were re-opened as state schools teaching in English [http://www.southaustralianhistory.com.au/lutheran.htm] .

Classification

Because of the origin of most Barossa Germans is in Prussia and Silesia, Barossa German is classifiable as a form of High German (German: "Hochdeutsch)" with some elements of South Australian English vocabulary. It is closer to standard German than the analogous "Pennsylvania Dutch" ("Pennsylvania Deutsch") spoken in the United States.Fact|date=June 2007

Vocabulary and culture

The best-known examples of Barossa German vocabulary are words which have been adopted by South Australian English.

One such local word with German origins is "butcher", the name given to a 200 ml (7 fl.oz.) beer glass, which is believed to be derived from the German "becher", meaning a cup or mug. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/arts/ling/stories/s1052272.htm ABC Radio National, "Lingua Franca", 28/02/2004, "South Australian Words"] ]

The Barossa is also home to kegel, a variety of nine-pin bowling, which takes place on indoor lanes ("Kegelbahn"), and is based on traditional German games similar to alley skittles. [ [http://www.tradgames.org.uk/games/Skittles.htm Skittles, Nine Pins - Online guide ] ] The Barossa town of Tanunda still features the Tanunda Kegel Club, founded in 1858. [http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/dnutting/germanaustralia/e/traditions.htm]

Distribution

There is some evidence that Barossa German was the first language of some people in South Australia until the late 20th century.Steggall, "Ibid."] For example, Colin Thiele (see above) claimed to have spoken nothing but German until he went to school.

ee also

*German settlement in Australia
*German Australian

References

*Peter Paul, 1965, "Das Barossa Deutsche" (MA thesis, University of Adelaide)

*Dorothy Jauncey, 2004, "South Australian Words: From Bardi-Grubs to Frog Cakes", Oxford University Press. {ISBN 978-01-9551-770-5)

Notes

External links

* [http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/dnutting/germanaustralia/index.htm Dave Nutting, 2001-2007, "German Australia" "German-speakers in Australia from 1788 to the Present"] en icon
** [http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/dnutting/germanaustralia/d/index.htm "Deutsche Version"] de icon
* [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/linguafranca/stories/2004/1052272.htm ABC Radio National, "South Australian Words" ("Lingua Franca", February 28, 2004).]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German language — German Deutsch Pronunciation [ˈdɔʏtʃ] Spoken in Primarily in German speaking Europe, as a minority language and amongst the German diaspora worldwide …   Wikipedia

  • German as a minority language — German speaking minorities (Ethnic Germans) live in many countries and on all six inhabited continents: the countries of the former Soviet Union, Poland, Romania, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Belgium, Italy, the United States,… …   Wikipedia

  • German settlement in Australia — began in large numbers in 1838, with the arrival of immigrants from Prussia to Adelaide, South Australia. German immigrants became prominent in settling South Australia and Queensland. From 1850 until World War I, German settlers and their… …   Wikipedia

  • Barossa Valley — The Barossa Valley is a major wine producing region and tourist destination of South Australia, located 60 km northeast of Adelaide. It is the valley formed by the North Para River, and the Barossa Valley Way is the main road through the valley,… …   Wikipedia

  • German Australian — Infobox Ethnic group group = German Australian caption = Notable German Australians: Henry Bolte • Mark Schwarzer • Shane Warne flagicon|Germany flagicon|Australia poptime = German 106,524 (by birth, 2006) 811,541 (by ancestry, 2006) popplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Barossa Valley — Basisdaten Bundesstaat South Australia Geografische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barossa Deutsche — /bərɒsə ˈdɔɪtʃə/ (say buhrosuh doychuh) plural noun the German settlers in the Barossa Valley, and their descendants, especially the speakers of Barossa Deutsch. {Barossa (Valley) + German Deutsche German people} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Barossa Deutsch — /bərɒsə ˈdɔɪtʃ/ (say buhrosuh doych) noun a variety of German spoken in the Barossa Valley, which was settled in the early 1840s by refugees, mainly from Silesia and Prussia. {Barossa (Valley) + German Deutsch the German language} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Barossa Valley — /bərɒsə ˈvæli/ (say buhrosuh valee) noun a grape growing district in SA north east of Adelaide. About 30 km long and 8 km wide. The Barossa Valley lies within the lands traditionally inhabited by the Ngadjuri people. European settlement dates… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Pennsylvania German language — Pennsylvania German, Pennsylvania Dutch Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch Spoken in USA, Canada Region Pennsylvania; Ohio; Indiana; Ontario; and elsewhere …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.