Chellah


Chellah
Part of the Chellah interior
Roman street in Chellah

Chellah, (Arabic: شالة‎) or Sala Colonia is a necropolis and complex of ancient Roman Mauretania Tingitana[1] and medieval[2] ruins at Rabat, Morocco. It is the most ancient human settlement on the mouth of the Bou Regreg River.

Contents

History

The Phoenicians and the Carthaginians, who founded several colonies in Morocco, probably inhabited the banks of the Bou Regreg. Chellah is the site of the ruins of the Roman town known as Sala Colonia, referred to as Sala by Ptolemy. Excavations show an important port city with ruined Roman architectural elements including a decumanus maximus or principal Roman way, a forum and a triumphal arch.

One of the two main Roman roads in Morocco reached the Atlantic through Iulia Constantia Zilil (Asilah), Lixus (Larache) and Sala Colonia. Another may have been built toward south, from Sala Colonia to modern Casablanca, then called Anfa. The Romans had two main naval ouposts on the Atlantic: Sala near modern Rabat and Mogador in north of Agadir. Roman expeditions sailed from there to find the Canary islands.

The site was abandoned in 1154 in favour of nearby Salé. The Almohad dynasty used the ghost town as a necropolis. In the mid-14th century, a Merinid sultan, Abu l-Hasan, built monuments and the main gate, dated to 1339. These later Merinid additions included a mosque, a zawiya, and royal tombs, including that of Abu l-Hasan.[3]

Many structures in Chellah were damaged by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The site has been converted to a garden and tourist venue.

Festival of Jazz

Roman walls of Sala Colonia

After 2005, the ruins of Chella host an international "Festival of Jazz" each year, called Jazz au Chellah[4]. Coordinates: 34°00′24″N 6°49′13″W / 34.006671°N 6.820293°W / 34.006671; -6.820293

References

  1. ^ Justin McGuinness, Footprint Morocco, 2003, 560 pages, ISBN 190347163X
  2. ^ Ken Bernstein, Morocco, 2001, Hunter Publishing, Inc, 64 pages ISBN 2884520031
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Chellah, The Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham
  4. ^ Jazz au Chellah (in French)

See also

External links


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