Chellah, (Arabic: شالة) or Sala Colonia is a necropolis and complex of ancient Roman Mauretania Tingitana and medieval ruins at Rabat, Morocco. It is the most ancient human settlement on the mouth of the Bou Regreg River.
The Phoenicians and the Carthaginians, who founded several colonies in Morocco, probably inhabited the banks of the Bou Regreg. Chellah is the site of the ruins of the Roman town known as Sala Colonia, referred to as Sala by Ptolemy. Excavations show an important port city with ruined Roman architectural elements including a decumanus maximus or principal Roman way, a forum and a triumphal arch.
One of the two main Roman roads in Morocco reached the Atlantic through Iulia Constantia Zilil (Asilah), Lixus (Larache) and Sala Colonia. Another may have been built toward south, from Sala Colonia to modern Casablanca, then called Anfa. The Romans had two main naval ouposts on the Atlantic: Sala near modern Rabat and Mogador in north of Agadir. Roman expeditions sailed from there to find the Canary islands.
The site was abandoned in 1154 in favour of nearby Salé. The Almohad dynasty used the ghost town as a necropolis. In the mid-14th century, a Merinid sultan, Abu l-Hasan, built monuments and the main gate, dated to 1339. These later Merinid additions included a mosque, a zawiya, and royal tombs, including that of Abu l-Hasan.
Many structures in Chellah were damaged by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The site has been converted to a garden and tourist venue.
Festival of Jazz
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chellah Hotel Rabat (Rabat) — Chellah Hotel Rabat country: Morocco, city: Rabat (City Centre) Chellah Hotel Rabat Location Chellah Hotel Rabat is situated in the town centre and is close to many restaurants and shopping areas.Rooms Guests are provided with the comfort of well … International hotels
Chellah Hotel Tangier (Tangier) — Chellah Hotel Tangier country: Morocco, city: Tangier (Central) Chellah Hotel Tangier Location Located in the centre of town, Chellah Hotel Tangier is situated close to many restaurants and the shopping centre.Rooms All the guestrooms are… … International hotels
Necrópolis de Chellah — Puerta de entrada. El m … Wikipedia Español
Jazz au Chellah — 2010 Genre Jazz, musiques du monde, fusion Lieu … Wikipédia en Français
Hotel Chellah — (Танжер,Марокко) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 47 49 Rue Allal Ben Abdellah Bp 39 … Каталог отелей
Helnan Chellah Hotel — (Рабат,Марокко) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 2 Rue D Ifni, 10000 … Каталог отелей
Appartement Chellah — (Танжер,Марокко) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rue Lafayette, 90000 Танжер, Марокко … Каталог отелей
Rabat — Rabat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rabat — Infobox Settlement official name = Rabat other name = native name = الرباط nickname = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = Rabat Downtown flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo size = mapsize = 200px… … Wikipedia
Salé — For the Canadian figure skater, see Jamie Salé. For the Finnish Union of Sex Workers, see Salli. Salé (Amazigh: Sla, ar. سلا) (from the Berber word asla , meaning rock ) is the twin city to Rabat, capital of Morocco. Today it is home to around… … Wikipedia