- International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) is a worldwide grouping of 60 national medical organizations. IPPNW uses research, education and advocacy to help prevent nuclear war and encourage the abolition of all nuclear weapons.By the mid-1980s IPPNW had around 145,000 members and by the early 1990s around 200,000 members from over sixty countries. The group headquarters is in
Cambridge, Massachusetts. [ [http://www.ippnw.org/About/history.html IPPNW: A Brief History] ]
The IPPNW was founded in December 1980 by the cardiologists Dr.
Bernard Lownof the Harvard School of Public Healthand Dr. Evgueni Chazovof the USSR Cardiological Institute. Based on research they produced a "medical warning to humanity" of the medical and environmental dangers of nuclear war. The group's campaign produced books and also articles for professional journals and more popular media. IPPNW was awarded the UNESCOPeace Education Prize in 1984 and the Nobel Peace Prizein 1985. [http://www.ippnw.org/About/NobelHelix.html Profile from Helix Magazine] ]
In April 2006 it published a report criticizing the September 2005
United Nationsreport on the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, which claimed that only 47 direct deaths could be attributed to the disaster. On 31 April 2007, it launched the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weaponsin Vienna, Austria, at the first session for the 2010 review conference for the parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
Controversy over Prize Recipients
It is unclear whether this single Nobel Prize generated 200,000 Nobel laureates. Harvard and MIT publications often cite "Nobel laureates Mario Molina and Eric Chivian" in reference to this 1985 Peace Prize. [http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2003/nobels.html Nobelists sound alarm on global environmental trends - MIT News Office ] ] The name "Kay Miller" is also mentioned. [ [http://www.itwire.com/content/view/10295/1066/ Ignoble Nobel medal theft sees prize recovered] see bottom of page]
Physicians for Global Survival
* [http://www.ippnw.org/ Official IPPNW Site]
* [http://one.revver.com/watch/137847/flv/affiliate/57906 Voices of Vision Documentary on IPPNW] (Video)
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