Prince William Sound


Prince William Sound

Prince William Sound is a sound of the Gulf of Alaska on the south coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is located on the east side of the Kenai Peninsula. Its largest port is Valdez, at the southern terminus of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System. Other settlements on the sound, which contains numerous small islands, include Cordova and Whittier plus the Alaska native villages of Chenega and Tatitlek.

Most of the land surrounding Prince William Sound is part of the Chugach National Forest, the second largest national forest in the U.S. Prince William Sound is ringed by the steep and glaciated Chugach Mountains. The coastline is convoluted, with many islands and fjords, several of which contain tidewater glaciers. The principle barrier islands forming the sound are Montague Island, Hinchinbrook Island, and Hawkins Island.

James Cook entered Prince William Sound in 1778 and named it Sandwich Sound, after his patron the Earl of Sandwich. The editors of Cook's maps changed the name to Prince William Sound, in honor of Prince William, who would later become King William IV. [ [http://www.alaska.net/~awss/HBeringCook.html Explorations: Bering and Cook] , Alaska.net]

A 1964 tsunami, a result of the Good Friday Earthquake, killed a number of Chugach villagers in the coastal village of Chenega, as well as destroying the town of Valdez.

In 1989, the oil tanker "Exxon Valdez" ran aground on Bligh Reef after leaving Valdez, causing a large oil spill, which resulted in massive damage to the environment, including the killing of around 250,000 seabirds, nearly 3,000 sea otters, 300 harbour seals, 250 bald eagles and up to 22 killer whales. [cite news |title=1989: Exxon Valdez creates oil slick disaster |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/24/newsid_4231000/4231971.stm |publisher=BBC |accessdate=2007-12-03]

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References


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  • Prince William Sound — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Prince William Sound (Prince William Sound) Vista del Prince William Sound …   Wikipedia Español

  • Prince William Sound —   [ prɪns wɪljəm saʊnd], verzweigte Bucht an der Südküste Alaskas, USA, östlich der Kenaihalbinsel; 160 km breit, 300 400 m tief; nährstoffreiches Wasser, artenreiche Tierwelt: Wale, Seelöwen, otter, zahlreiche Fisch und Vogelarten. Am 24. 3.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Prince William Sound — Der Prince William Sound südlich von Alaska Blick vom Portage Pass auf den Sound …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prince William Sound — Baie du Prince William La baie du Prince William, sur la côte sud de l Alaska. La baie du Prince William (en anglais Prince William Sound) est une baie du golfe d Alaska sur la côte sud de l Alaska. Elle est située sur la côte orientale de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prince William Sound — Inlet of the Gulf of Alaska, southern Alaska, U.S. It lies east of the Kenai Peninsula and spans 90–100 mi (145–160 km). It was named by the British captain George Vancouver in 1778 to honour a son of George III. In 1989 one of the largest oil… …   Universalium

  • Prince William Sound — Sp Princo Viljamo įlanka Ap Prince William Sound L Aliaskos įl. dalis, JAV (Aliaska) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Prince William Sound — Prince′ Wil′liam Sound′ n. geg an inlet of the Gulf of Alaska, in S Alaska, E of the Kenai Peninsula …   From formal English to slang

  • Prince William Sound — geographical name inlet of Gulf of Alaska S Alaska E of Kenai Peninsula …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Prince William Sound — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Prince William (Begriffsklärung) — Prince William (englisch für Prinz Wilhelm) bezeichnet Prinzen William Ætheling (1103–†1120), englischer Prinz William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721–1765), britischer Prinz William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1743–1805),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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