- Wirral Line
The Wirral Line is one of the two lines owned and operated by
Merseyrailon Merseyside, England, the other being the Northern Line (the Merseyrail City Line is not owned or operated by Merseyrail). It connects Liverpoolwith the Wirral Peninsula, with branches to New Brighton, West Kirby, Chesterand Ellesmere Port. In the centre of Liverpool, it operates a circular service in a single-track tunnel built in the 1970s, known as the "Loop". The line is allocated the colour green on maps of the Merseyrail system.
The Wirral Line is based on the former
Wirral Railwayand the Mersey Railway, whose tunnel under the River Merseybetween Liverpool and Birkenheadopened in 1886. Originally, the Mersey Railway ran from James Street station in Liverpool to Hamilton Square station in Birkenhead, after which was a flat junction, from where there were two branches: one heading south to Green Lane (extended to Rock Ferry in 1891) and one heading west to Birkenhead Park station (opened in 1888). In 1892 the line was extended from James Street to Liverpool Central station.
The Wirral Railway ran from Birkenhead Park to West Kirby, with a branch from Birkenhead North to New Brighton. These also form part of the Wirral Line, as does the former
Chester and Birkenhead Railwayfrom Rock Ferry to Chester. There is also a branch from Hooton to Ellesmere Port.
The Loop in central Liverpool was constructed in the 1970s, opening in 1977. From a new platform at James Street station, it runs in a deep-level tube to Moorfields, then to Lime Street and a new deep-level platform at Liverpool Central. (The original Mersey Railway platforms are now used by the Northern Line). From there it returns to James Street, rejoining the Mersey Railway tunnel just before the station.
Conway Park station on the West Kirby/New Brighton branch was added in 1998.
In October 2005, services on the Wirral Line were severely disrupted as the result of a derailment at Liverpool Central. All travel around the Liverpool Loop was suspended, with services terminating at James Street station.
The Wirral Line is electrified using a 750V DC
third rail. The Mersey Railwaywas electrified in 1903, making it the first railway in the world to become entirely electrified. The former Wirral Railway, by then part of the London Midland and Scottish Railway, was electrified in 1938, so by the opening of the Loop in 1977, there were three electrified destinations: New Brighton, West Kirbyand Rock Ferry. Electrification south to Hooton followed in 1985, which was extended to Chesterin 1993 and finally to Ellesmere Portin 1994.
Following the electrification of the former
Wirral Railway, in 1938 the LMSintroduced new trains with air-operated sliding doors. These electric multiple units were eventually designated as British Rail Class 503. Further similar units were built in 1956 to replace the former Mersey Railwaycarriages. The entire Class 503 stock was replaced by Class 508 - originally built in the late 1970s for services from London Waterloo - as well as the almost identical Class 507 (built to replace the Class 502 stock used on the Liverpool- Southport/ Ormskirklines).
During Monday to Saturday, trains run every 15 minutes from Liverpool to each of New Brighton, West Kirby and Hooton. From Hooton, trains continue every 30 minutes to each of Chester and Ellesmere Port. This gives a service every five minutes under the River Mersey and around the Loop. On Sundays, trains run every 30 minutes from Liverpool to each of the four termini.
Interchange with the Northern Line is available at Liverpool Central and Moorfields, and the City Line at Lime Street.
Arriva Trains Walesoperate services from Bidston along the Borderlands Lineto Wrexham Central. Various proposals over the years have suggested the electrification of part or all of this route and incorporating it into the Wirral Line and also electrifying beyond Ellesmere Port through to Helsby.
* [http://www.merseyrail.org Merseyrail official site]
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