- Friz Freleng
name = Friz Freleng
birthname = Isadore Freleng
birthdate = birth date|1906|8|21|mf=y
birthplace = Kansas City,
deathdate = death date and age|1995|5|25|1906|8|21|mf=n
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery
spouse = Lily Freleng
Hope Freleng Sybil Freleng
imdb_id = 0293989
Isadore "Friz" Freleng (
August 21, 1906[His exact year of birth varies by source; some give 1905, others 1906. The year chosen here is that of his grave marker. See [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=3822&pt=Isadore%20%27Friz%27%20Freleng Isadore "Friz" Freleng] at findagrave.com.] – May 26, 1995) was an animator, cartoonist, director, and producer best known for his work on the " Looney Tunes" and " Merrie Melodies" series of cartoons from Warner Bros.He introduced and/or developed several of the studio's biggest stars, including Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the cat, Yosemite Sam(to whom he was said to bear more than a passing resemblance) and Speedy Gonzales. The senior director at Warners' Termite Terracestudio, Freleng directed more cartoons than any other director in the studio (a total of 266), and is also the most honored of the Warner directors, having won four Academy Awards. After Warners shut down the animation studio in 1963, Freleng and business partner David DePatiefounded DePatie-Freleng Enterprises, which produced cartoons (notably " The Pink Panther Show"), feature film title sequences, and Saturday morning cartoons through the early 1980s. The nickname "Friz" came from how "frizzly" his hair was at one time ["Obituary:Friz Freleng", The (London) Independent, May 29, 1995, by Dennis Gifford. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950529/ai_n13985324] ]
Freleng was born in Kansas City,
Missouri, where he began his career in animation at United Film Ad Service. There, he made the acquaintance of fellow animators Hugh Harmanand Ub Iwerks. In 1923, Iwerks' friend Walt Disneymoved to Hollywood, put out a call for his Kansas City colleagues to join him. Freleng, however, held out until 1927, when he finally moved to California and joined the Disney studio. He worked alongside other former Kansas City animators, including Iwerks, Harman, Carmen Maxwell, and Rudolph Ising. While at Disney's Freleng worked on the Alice Comediesand Oswald the Lucky Rabbitcartoons for producers Margaret Winklerand Charles Mintz.
Freleng soon teamed up with Harman and Ising to try to create their own studio. The trio produced a pilot film starring a new
Mickey Mouse-like character named Bosko. Looking at unemployment if the cartoon failed to generate interest, Freleng moved to New York Cityto work on Mintz' Krazy Katcartoons, all the while still trying to sell the Harman-Ising Bosko picture. The cartoon finally sold to Leon Schlesinger, who soon secured Harman and Ising to star Bosko in the " Looney Tunes" series he was producing for Warner Bros.Freleng soon moved back to California to work with Harman and Ising once again.
Freleng as director
Early Schlesinger cartoons
Harman and Ising left Schlesinger's studio over disputes about budgets in 1933. Schlesinger was left with no experienced directors, and therefore lured Freleng away from Harman-Ising to successfully fix cartoons directed by
Tom Palmerwhich Warner Bros rejected. The young animator became Schlesinger's top director, and he introduced the studio's first true post-Bosko star, Porky Pig, in the 1935 film " I Haven't Got a Hat". The film is notable for being one of the earliest examples of characterization in a cartoon. Porky was a distinctive character, unlike Bosko or his replacement, Buddy.
In 1937, Freleng left Schlesinger's after accepting an increase in salary to direct for the new
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studioheaded by Fred Quimby. To Freleng's chagrin, he found he would be working on " The Captain and the Kids", adapted from the popular comic strip" The Katzenjammer Kids". The series failed to achieve much success, much as Freleng had predicted—though skillfully animated, the characters could not compete with the " funny animals" that prevailed at the time.
Back with Schlesinger and Warner Bros.
Freleng happily returned to Warner Bros. when his contract ended in 1940. One of the first "Looney Tunes" directed by Freleng during his second tenure at the studio was "
You Ought to Be in Pictures", a short which blended animation with live-action footage of the Warner Bros. studio (and of Schlesinger veterans such as story man Michael Malteseand even "Leon" himself). The plot, which centers around Porky Pig being tricked by Daffy Duck into terminating his contract with Schlesinger to attempt a career in features, echoes Freleng's experience in moving to MGM.
Schlesinger's hands-off attitude toward his animators allowed Freleng and his fellow directors almost complete creative control and room to experiment with cartoon comedy styles, which allowed the studio to keep pace with the Disney studio's technical superiority. Freleng's style quickly matured, and he became a master of
comic timing. He also introduced or redesigned a number of famous Warner characters, including Yosemite Samin 1945, the cat-and-bird duo, Sylvester and Tweety in 1947, and Speedy Gonzalesin 1955.
Chuck Joneswould dominate the Warner Bros. studio in the years after World War II, Freleng largely concentrating on the above mentioned characters and Bugs Bunny. Nearly all of the Bugs Bunny cartoons pitting the rabbit against Yosemite Sam in various historical time periods were directed by Freleng, plus some of Bugs' cartoons with Elmer Fudd and/or Daffy Duck or with gangsters Rocky and Mugsy.Freleng also directed cartoons with the Goofy Gophers with the gophers as overly polite and trying to retrieve their natural property from human forces ("I Gopher You", "Lumber Jerks", and "Pests for Guests"), cartoons with Sylvester being pursued by a pair of dogs, Spike and Chester ("Tree for Two" and "Dr. Jerkyl's Hide"), several of the cartoons involving a drunken stork ("Stork Naked", "Apes of Wrath", and "A Mouse Divided"), a number of cartoons in which insects act in military unison to battle a human character ("Of Thee I Sting" and "Ant Pasted"), cartoons with characters Daffy Duck or Yosemite Sam marrying for money ("His Bitter Half", "Hare Trimmed", and "Honey's Money"), and three cartoons, with Bugs Bunny, Sylvester, Tweety, that spoof " The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" ("Hyde and Hare", "Dr. Jerkyl's Hide", and "Hyde and Go Tweet").
Freleng also continued to produce modernized versions of the musical comedies he animated in his early career, such as "
The Three Little Bops" (1957) and " Pizzicato Pussycat" (1955). Freleng won four Oscars during his time at Warner Bros., for the films " Tweetie Pie" (1947), " Speedy Gonzales" (1955), " Knighty Knight Bugs" (1958) and " Birds Anonymous" (1957). And other Freleng cartoons such as " Sandy Claws" (1955), " Mexicali Shmoes" (1959), " Mouse and Garden" (1960), and " The Pied Piper of Guadalupe" (1961) were Oscar nominees.
After the Warner studio closed in 1963, Freleng rented the same space from Warners to create cartoons with his now-former boss, producer
Dave DePatie(the final producer hired by Warners to oversee the cartoon division), forming DePatie-Freleng Enterprises. When Warner Bros decided to reopen their cartoon studio in 1964, they did so in name only; DePatie-Freleng produced the cartoons into 1966.
While much of Freleng's post-Warner work is considered of lesser quality than his earlier achievements, the DePatie-Freleng studio's signature achievement was The Pink Panther. DePatie-Freleng was commissioned to create the opening titles for the 1963 film "
The Pink Panther", for which Freleng created a suave, cool cat character. The Pink Panther cartoon character became so popular that United Artists, distributors of "The Pink Panther", had Freleng produce a short cartoon starring the character, " The Pink Phink" (1964).
After "The Pink Phink" won the 1965 Academy Award for Best Short Subject (Cartoons), Freleng and DePatie responded by producing a whole series of Pink Panther cartoons. Other original cartoon series, among them "
The Inspector", " The Ant and the Aardvark", and " Hoot Kloot", soon followed. In 1969, " The Pink Panther Show", a Saturday morning anthology program featuring DePatie-Freleng cartoons, debuted on NBC. "The Pink Panther" and the other original DePatie-Freleng series would remain in production through 1980, with new cartoons produced for simultaneous Saturday morning broadcast and United Artists theatrical release.
DePatie-Freleng is credited with the creation of Frito-Lay's Chester Cheetah, on the Food Network show "Deep Fried Treats Unwrapped"; as well as creating the colored opening title sequence to "
I Dream of Jeannie".
By 1967, DePatie and Freleng had moved their operations to the
San Fernando Valley. One of their projects featured Bing Crosbyand his family called, "Goldilocks" and had songs by the Sherman Brothers. At their new facilities they continued to produce new cartoons until 1980, when they sold DePatie-Freleng to Marvel Comics, who renamed it Marvel Productions.
Freleng later served as an
executive produceron three 1980s "Looney Tunes" compilation features, which linked together several of the classic shorts with new animated sequences. The Freleng-produced compilation features were " The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie" (1981), ' (1982), and ' (1983).
Friz Freleng died of natural causes in 1995. He was interred in the
Hillside Memorial Park Cemeteryin Culver City, California.
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Friz freleng — Isadore «Friz» Freleng (21 août 1906 26 mai 1995) est un dessinateur et cartooniste américain. Il travaille dès les années 1920 pour Walt Disney, et plus tard pour les studios d animation de la Warner Bros et de la MGM. Il est notamment le… … Wikipédia en Français
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