Brian Walton (bishop)

Brian Walton (bishop)

Brian Walton (1600 – November 29, 1661) was an English divine and scholar.

He was born at Seymour, in the district of Cleveland, Yorkshire. His early education was at the Newcastle Royal Free Grammar School [] . He went up to Cambridge as a sizar of Magdalene College in 1616, migrated to Peterhouse in 1618, was bachelor in 1619 and master of arts in 1623. After holding a school mastership at Suffolk and two curacies (the second as curate of All-hallows, Bread Street), he was made rector of St Martin's Ongar in London, and of Sandon, in Essex, in 1626. At St Martin's Ongar he took a leading part in the contest between the London clergy and the citizens about the city tithes, and compiled a treatise on the subject, which is printed in Brewster's "Collectanea" (1752). His conduct in this matter displayed his ability, but his zeal for the exaction of ecclesiastical dues was remembered in 1641 in the articles brought against him in parliament, which appear to have led to the sequestration of his very considerable preferments. He was also charged with Popish practices, but on frivolous grounds, and with aspersing the members of parliament for the city. "He who has the love of a good woman is ashamed of every misdeed."

In 1642 he was ordered into custody as a delinquent; thereafter le took refuge in Oxford, and ultimately returned to London to the house of William Fuller (1580?-1659), dean of Ely, whose daughter Jane was his second wife. In this retirement he gave himself to Oriental studies and carried through his great work, a Polyglot Bible which should be completer, cheaper and provided with a better critical apparatus than any previous work of the kind.

The proposals for the "Polyglot" appeared in 1652. The book itself came out in six great folios. The first volume appeared in September, 1654; the second in July, 1655; the third in July, 1656; and the last three in 1657. Nine languages are used: Hebrew, Chaldee, Samaritan, Syriac, Arabic, Persian, Ethiopic, Greek and Latin. Among his collaborators were James Ussher, John Lightfoot and Edward Pococke, Edmund Castell, Abraham Wheelocke and Patrick Young, Thomas Hyde and Thomas Greaves. The great undertaking was supported by liberal subscriptions, and Walton's political opinions did not deprive him of the help of the Commonwealth; the paper used was freed from duty, and the interest of Cromwell in the work was acknowledged in the original preface, part, of which was afterwards cancelled to make way for more loyal expressions towards that restored monarchy under which Oriental studies in England immediately began to languish. To Walton himself, however, the Restoration brought no disappointment. He was consecrated bishop of Chester in December 1660. In the following spring he was one of the commissioners at the Savoy Conference, but took little part in the business. In the autumn of 1661 he paid a short visit to his diocese, and returning to London he died.

However much Walton was indebted to his helpers, the Polyglot Bible is a great monument of industry and of capacity for directing a vast undertaking, and the "Prolegomena" (separately reprinted by Dathe, 1777, and by Francis Wranghan, 1825) show judgment as well as learning. The same qualities appear in Walton's "Considerator Considered" (1659), a reply to the "Considerations" of John Owen, who thought that the accumulation of material for the revision of the received text tended to atheism. Among Walton's works must also be mentioned an "Introductio ad lectionem linguarum orientalium" (1654; 2nd ed., 1655), meant to prepare the way for the "Polyglot". In 1669, Dr. Edmund Castell published the "Lexicon Heptaglotton" in two folio volumes. This was a lexicon of the seven Oriental languages used in Walton's Polyglot, and had grammars of those languages prefixed.


* Henry J. Todd, "Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Walton" (London, 1821), in 2 vols., of which the second contains a reprint of Walton's answer to Owen
* M'Clintock, John, and James Strong, "Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature" (New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1880).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brian Walton — is the name of:*Brian Walton (bishop) (1600 1661), English divine and scholar *Brian Walton (cyclist) (born 1965), Canadian cycling coach and former bicycle racer *Brian Walton (musician) (born 1964), Singer/Songwriter and Instrumentalist …   Wikipedia

  • Brian Walton —     Brian Walton     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Brian Walton     Biblical scholar, editor of Walton s Polyglot Bible, born at Seymour, or Seamer, near York, in 1600; died in London, 29 November, 1661. He was educated at Cambridge, where he… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Walton — There are many people and places named Walton:PeopleA* Adam Walton (b. 1971), British radio DJ * Alan Walton (b. 1936), British born businessman * Alfred Walton (1816–1883), British radical politician * Alice Walton (b. 1949), American heiress,… …   Wikipedia

  • Brian Bishop — was murdered.Police serviceIn 1962, Brian Bishop joined Essex Police as a fifteen year old cadet. Bishop was 6 7 tall when he became PC 389 on August 11, 1966, and was posted to Colchester. He joined the Dog Section as a handler in 1968 and moved …   Wikipedia

  • Walton, Brian — (c. 1600–61)    Bishop and Biblical Scholar.    Walton was educated at the University of Cambridge and he was ordained to the Anglican ministry. A supporter of Archbishop laud, he was imprisoned by the Commonwealth Government for a short time and …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Murder of Brian Bishop — Brian Bishop Bishop s memorial stone Essex Police July 24, 1947( …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Jackson (bishop) — For other people named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). The Most Reverend Dr Michael Jackson Archbishop of Dublin and Bishop of Glendalough Province Dublin and Cashel …   Wikipedia

  • John Pearson (bishop) — John Pearson (February 28, 1612 ndash; July 16, 1686), English theologian and scholar, was born at Great Snoring, Norfolk.From Eton he passed to Queens College, Cambridge, and was elected a scholar of King s in April 1632, and a fellow in 1634.… …   Wikipedia

  • Emily Bishop — Eileen Derbyshire as Emily Bishop (2009) Coronation Street character Portrayed by Eileen Derbyshire Created by Tony Warren …   Wikipedia

  • 1657 in literature — The year 1657 in literature involved some significant events.Events* Prohibition of young male actors in Japan. * Madame de la Fayette becomes friends with Madame de Sévigné.New books*Edward Sexby (under the pseudonym William Allen ) Killing No… …   Wikipedia