- Petrus Aureolus
Petrus Aureolus [Peter Auriol or "'Aureol, Oriol.] (c.
1280- January 10 1322), was a scholastic philosopher and theologian. We know little of his life before 1312. After this time, he taught at the Franciscanconvent in Bologna, then at the convent in Toulouse, around 1314. He went to Paris in 1316 in order to qualify for his doctorate, where he read the Sentences. In 1318 he was appointed master of theology at the University of Paris. In 1321, he was appointed by his mentor, Pope John XXII, to the position of Archbishop of Aix-en-Provence, but died not long after in 1322.
Works and doctrine
Auriol's first work was on evangelical poverty, where he argued for a moderate position between those of the spirituals and conventuals. He is best known for the enormous "Scriptum super primum Sententiarum", his commentary on the
Sentencesof Peter Lombard, which runs to more than 1100 folio pages and was eventually printed in Romein 1596. He also wrote "Tractatus de principiis", a non-theological work, while he was lector at the Franciscan convent in Bolognasome time before 1312, and some treatises on the Immaculate Conceptionat the Franciscan convent in Toulouse.
Auriol was at first a Scotist. Later, he arrived at a position closer to that of the nominalist Durandus. He denied the reality of universals, the existence of species and of the active intellect, the distinction between essence and existence, and the distinction between the soul and its faculties. These doctrines are considered by some to have prepared the way for the
conceptualismof Ockham. Ockham was certainly aware of Auriol's work.
His ability earned for him the titles of "Doctor Facundus" and "Doctor Abundans".
* "Quodlibeta", Rome (1596-1605)
* "Commentariorum in primum librum Sententiarum pars prima et secunda", Rome 1596
* "Commentariorum in secundum, tertium et quartum Sententiarum et Quodlibeti tomus secundus", Rome 1605
* "Scriptum super primum Sententiarum: Distinction I", ed. E.M. Buytaert Franciscan Institute publications, Text series number 3, St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute 1952.
* "Scriptum super primum Sententiarum: Distinctions II - VIII", ed. E.M. Buytaert Franciscan Institute publications, Text series number 3, St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute 1956.
* "De unitate conceptus entis", ed. Stephen F. Brown, in "Petrus Aureoli': De unitate conceptus entis (Reportatio Parisiensis in I Sententiarum", dist. 2. p. 1, qq. 1-3 et p.2 qq 1-2), "Traditio" 50, pp 199-248.
*Friedman, Russell (2002) " [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/auriol/ Peter Auriol] ", in "The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy"
* [http://www.igl.ku.dk/~russ/auriol.html The Peter Auriol Homepage]
* [http://users.bart.nl/~roestb/franciscan/franautp.htm#_Toc426118520 Peter Auriol in the Franciscan Authors catalogue]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02111a.htm Petrus Aureoli] at the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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PETRUS Aureolus — cognomine Doctor Facundus, Picardus. Archiepiscopus Aquensis, obiit A. C. 1322. Scripsit de immacul. Conceptione B. Virginis, Breviarium Bibliorum, commentar. in Magistrum Sententiar. Vide Morerium in Dict. Hist … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Petrus Aureolus (326) — 326Petrus Aureolus (27. April al. 17. Oct.), Erzbischof von Aix, aus dem Orden des hl. Franciscus, gewöhnlich nur der »beredte Lehrer« genannt, ein Mann von glühendem Eifer und großer Gelehrsamkeit, starb als Cardinal zu Avignon i. J. 1322 an der … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Petrus — comes from the Greek meaning rock , and is the common English prefix petro used to describe rock based substances, like petros oleum or rock oil. As the source of Peter, it is a common name for people from antiquity through the medieval era, and… … Wikipedia
PETRUS Verberius — vide petrus Aureolus … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Petrus Aureoli — Petrus Aureoli † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Petrus Aureoli (Aureolus, D auriol, Oriol). A Franciscan philosopher and theologian, called on account of his eloquence Doctor facundus, born 1280 at Toulouse (or Verberie sur Oise); d. 10… … Catholic encyclopedia
Petrus Aureoli — ▪ French philosopher Aureoli also spelled Aureolus, English Peter Aureol, French Pierre Auriol, Oriol, or D Oriol born c. 1280, near Gourdon, Guyenne died 1322, Aix en Provence/Avignon, Provence French churchman, philosopher, and… … Universalium
Scotism and Scotists — • Article on the school of philosophy inspired by John Duns Scotus, and its proponents in the fourteenth through nineteenth centuries Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scotism and Scotists Scotism and Scotists … Catholic encyclopedia
Pedro Auréolo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro Auréolo (Gourdon, c. 1280 10 de enero de 1322) fue un filósofo y teólogo franciscano francés, llamado doctor facundus Nació en la región de Aquitania hacia 1280, sin que se pueda precisar más el año. Hacia… … Wikipedia Español
William of Ockham — Full name William of Ockham Born c. 1288 Ockham, England Died 1347 or 1348 Munich, Holy Roman Empire … Wikipedia
Immaculate Conception — • In the Constitution Ineffabilis Deus of 8 December, 1854, Pius IX pronounced and defined that the Blessed Virgin Mary in the first instance of her conception, by a singular privilege and grace granted by God, in view of the merits of Jesus… … Catholic encyclopedia