- Hungarian opera
The origins of Hungarian opera can be traced to the late 18th century, with the rise of imported opera and other concert styles in cities like Pressburg (now
Bratislava), Kismarton, Nagyszebenand Budapest. Operas at the time were in either the German or Italian style. The field Hungarian opera began with school dramas and interpolations of German operas, which began at the end of the 18th century. School dramas in places like the Pauline School in Sátoraljaújhely, the Calvinist School in Csurgóand the Piarist School in Beszterceref|roughguide.
Pressburg produced the first music drama experiments in the country, though the work of Gáspár Pacha and József Chudy; it was the latter's
1793"Prince Pikkó and Jutka Perzsi" that is generally considered the first Hungarian opera. The text of that piece was translated from "Prinz Schnudi und Prinzessin Evakathel" by Philipp Hafner. This style was still strongly informed by the Viennese "Zauberposse" style of comedic play, and remained thusly throughout the 19th century. Though these operas used foreign styles, the "idyllic, lyric and heroic" parts of the story were always based on verbunkos, which was becoming a symbol of the Hungarian nation during this time ref|roughguide. It was not until the middle of the 19th century that Ferenc Erkelwrote the first Hungarian language opera, using French and Italian models, thus launching the field of Hungarian opera ref|sisa.
* cite book|title=World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East|author=In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.)|id=ISBN 1-85828-636-0|year=2000|publisher=Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books
* cite web|title=Hungarian Music|work=Stephen Sisa: The Spirit of Hungary|url=http://www.hungarian-history.hu/lib/hunspir/hsp51.htm|accessdate=September 3|accessyear=2005
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