- Sport in Sheffield
Sheffieldhas a long history of involvement in sport. Although cricketwas the first organised sport, it has gradually been supplanted by football. Both the main two local football teams grew out of cricket teams. Sheffield can claim many firsts in football the most famous one being Sheffield F.C.being the world's first and oldest football club. Today it has a club in every major team sport in England. Sheffield became the first UK National City of Sport in 1995cite web|title=Sheffield (city)|url=http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761560211_2/Sheffield_(city).html|publisher=Microsoft|accessdate=2008-01-07] and is now home to the English Institute of Sport(EIS).
Today the city boasts two
league clubs (Wednesday and United), top flight ice hockey( Sheffield Steelers) and basketball( Sheffield Sharks) and a Premier League speedway team ( Sheffield Tigers). Sheffield Eaglesis the main rugby leagueclub and operates a level below the Super League.
There are six
boxingworld champions from Sheffield, Clinton Woodsand Johnny Nelson. David Sherwoodis a top ten British tennisplayer from the city and the England cricket captain, Michael Vaughan, was brought up and lives in Sheffield. Joe Simpson, a famous climber also comes from the city.
The largest stadium is
Hillsborough Stadium, the home of Sheffield Wednesday, which holds around 38,000. Don Valley Stadiumis currently the largest athletics stadium in the United Kingdom. Bramall Laneis the world's oldest major football ground and holds around 33,000 and Sandygate Road, home to Hallam F.C., is the oldest football ground. The World Snooker Championshipshas been held at the Crucible Theatresince 1977.
The earliest reference to cricket involving Sheffield was a match between Sheffield and Nottingham in 1771. [http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/sherwoodtimes/cricket.htm Bygone cricket] (last accessed
4 August 2006)] The first recorded game of football in Sheffield was played in 1793 between Sheffield and Norton (a village in Derbyshireat the time but now a suburb of Sheffield). The game initially started as six a side but numbers swelled after both sides called for reinforcements. It continued for 3 days after which it descended into a general row.Percy M. Young (1962), "Football in Sheffield", S. Paul]
Hallam Cricket Club was formed in 1804 and started using land in Sandygate as their ground. It continues to be used to this day and is acknowledged as the oldest ground in the world. Sheffield Wednesday Cricket Club was formed in 1820. The first cricket match between Yorkshire and Lancashire took place at Hyde Park in 1949.
Birth of football
By the 1850s the city had several cricket clubs, the matches mainly being played during the summer. Nathaniel Creswick and William Prest wanted to start a team that could keep the players together during the winter and formed
Sheffield F.C.In 1857 they decided to write the first rule book for football called Sheffield Rules. By 1860 there were 15 football clubs in the city. Sheffield United Cricket Clubwas formed in 1854, so called because it was made up of the uniting of several local sides. It was the first club to be named United. The Bramall Laneground was built a year later. Yorkshire County Cricket Clubwas also formed in the city in 1863.
The teams continued to play under the Sheffield Rules after the formation of the FA known locally as the "London FA". They formed their own association in 1867 and played the first ever competitive football competition, the
Youdan Cup, in the same year. Another significant event was the formation of Sheffield Wednesday football club.
The first inter-association football match between Sheffield FA and London (the FA) was played at Bramall lane. Sheffield won the match 3-1. Many such matches were played during the 1870s with the home side dictating which rules they should play under. This eventually led to a merger of the two set of rules in 1878.
Decline of cricket, rise of football
Sheffield United F.C.were formed in 1889. In the same year Sheffield Wednesday turned professional and applied for membership of the Football League. This was denied so they became founding members of the Football Allianceand won its competition in the first season. Both the clubs were accepted into the Football League in 1892. Wednesday into division 1 and United into the newly formed second division.
At the turn of the century the city enjoyed huge success starting with Sheffield Wednesday winning the
FA Cupin 1896. United then won the league in 1898, the FA Cup the following year, and again in 1902. Wednesday then won the league twice in a row in 1903/4 and 1904/5. Sheffield F.C. also won their first cup, the FA Amateur Cup, in 1904.
Meanwhile cricket in the city was in decline. Yorkshire CCC moved its headquarters to Headingley,
Leedsin 1893. Although Bramall Lane hosted its first test match in 1912, the experiment was seen as a disaster and was never repeated. England lost to Australia, which was blamed on poor light conditions caused by the heavy air pollution which used to plague the city. Sheffield Wednesday cricket club ceased to exist in 1925 due to a lack of players.
The following decades saw intermittent success for both clubs, including another brace of league titles for Wednesday in 1928-1930. The last FA Cup win for a Sheffield club was in 1935 by Wednesday.
Post war years
Both clubs then went into decline after the Second World War. Wednesday sank to the third division in 1974 and United were relegated as far as the fourth division by 1981. Cricket matches, at a national level, ceased altogether in the city 1973 when the last county match was played at Bramall Lane.
In 1989, Sheffield Wednesday's home ground of Hillsborough was the scene of a tragedy when 96 Liverpool fans were crushed to death during an FA Cup semifinal in the infamous
Hillsborough disaster. This prompted a series of safety improvements at football grounds around the country, with terraced stands converted to all seated accommodation.
The early 1990s saw an upsurge in the fortunes of both clubs starting with Wednesday winning the League Cup in 1991. The two teams then met in the FA Cup semi-final in 1993. Wednesday won the match 2-1 but went on to lose both the final and League Cup final, both to Arsenal. However, the optimism ebbed away as both teams were relegated from the top flight and have suffered from financial difficulties in recent years. Subsequently, both teams were promoted in successive seasons with United making it back to the top flight.
There are two derbies played in the city. Sheffield United and Wednesday contest the
Steel City Derbyin the league or sometimes as a pre-season friendly if they are not in the same division. Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. still play the world's oldest derby. They are currently both in the Northern Counties East LeaguePremier Division.
Sheffield United F.C.
Sheffield Wednesday F.C.
Stocksbridge Park Steels F.C.
Sheffield still has a number of local cricket teams, including Sheffield United Cricket Club, Shiregreen Cricket Club, Hallam Cricket Club and
Sheffield Collegiate CC. Most of which play in the South Yorkshire Cricket League.
Sheffield Steelersare an ice hockeyteam who play their home matches at Sheffield Arena. They were formed in 1991 and rapidly rose up the leagues to the British Premier League (now called the Elite League). They then won the championship in their second season and again in their third. In total they have won the top flight title 4 times.
The city also has a several other ice hockey teams. The
Sheffield Scimitars, who play in the English Premier League. The Sheffield ENL Scimitarsplaying in the English National League North, a premier league women's team called the Sheffield Shadowsand the Sheffield Ice Tigerswho play recreational level hockey. All of these teams play out of Ice Sheffield.
Sheffield Sharksare a basketballteam who play at English Insitute of Sport. They were formed in 1994 and won the British Basketball Leaguein their first season. They have won it a total of 3 times. The City of Sheffield Arrowsplay in the English Basketball League, as do the Sheffield Sabres and the Sheffield Saints. The Arrows and the Sabres play home games at the English Insitute of Sport whereas the Saints play at All Saints School. Sheffield Hattersare a women's basketball team who also play at Ponds Forge. They have dominated the National League winning it every year from 1991 to 2002. However, other teams have caught up in recent years. Sheffield Hallam University has also produced many good BUSA (British Universities Sports Association) basketball teams over the years (SHUBall) - of which many players have gone on to play on in other high-level basketball leagues around the country.
Sheffield has enjoyed huge success in
boxingmainly due to the Wincobankgym run by Brendan Ingle. During the 1990s several world champions were produced including Naseem Hamed, Herol 'Bomber' Grahamand Paul 'Silky' Jones. Current IBF Light Heavyweight World Champion Clinton Woodsand WBO Cruiserweight Johnny Nelsonalso come from the city.
Other notable clubs are the
Sheffield Eagles rugby leagueclub based at Don Valley Stadiumwho won the Rugby League Challenge Cupin 1997. Sheffield Tigersis a local speedway team based at Owlerton Stadium. Speedway arrived at Owlertonin Sheffield in 1929 and a team took part in league speedway for a number of the pre-war seasons. The track re-opened in 1945 for a couple of meetings and the re-formed Tigers raced in the Northern League of 1946 and the National League Division Two 1947 - 1950. (In part of 1950 the team were known as The Tars.)In 1951 the promotion failed after competing in the Division Two Regional comptetition and a few open meetings were staged in 1952. The Tigers were revivied as members of the Provincal League in 1960 and have featured in league speedway most seasons since that date. The propmotion also staged speedway at Conference League level with the team known as the Owlerton Prowlers. Namesake Sheffield Tigers, of the speedway team, and Sheffield RUFCare local Rugby Unionsides based at Dore. In 2005 the city hosted the finish of Stage 3 of the Tour of Britaincycle race. In 2004 and 2005 the city also played host to the start and finish of the Roger Albert Clark Rally.
City of Sheffield Athletic Clubhas bases at the Don Valley Stadiumand the English Institute of Sport.
Sheffield Buccaneers Fencing Clubis based in Broomhill.
Sheffield has several
field hockeyclubs, the largest of which are the Sheffield Civica Hockey Cluband Sheffield University Bankers Hockey Club- based at Goodwin - both of which play to a national level within English hockey and regionally.
Malcolm Elliotwhos successes include the 1988 Tour of Britain and the points jersey in the 1989 Tour of Spainis from Sheffield.
The city has a huge number of athletics facilities largely as a legacy of the £147 million pound investment for the
World Student Gamesheld in 1991. These include Don Valley Stadium, Ponds Forgeand Sheffield Arena. Further venues have been added with the investment as part of the English Institute of Sport. A snookervenue and training centre is also due to be built.
As well as the annual
World Snooker Championships, hosted by Sheffield's Crucible Theatresince 1977, this venue also has a Squash court installed each year for the English Open competition. Sheffield Ski Villageis Europe's largest artificial ski resort. It has a total of 5 slopes and several short training slopes, Sheffield Sharks Ski Clubmeets at the Ski Village. There are currently (2007) plans to add the country's largest indoor snow resort next to it.
The city also has 2 indoor climbing centres.
Owlerton Stadiumhosts regular greyhoundracing as well as Sheffield Tigers home ties. It has also previously been home to Sheffield F.C., now based at the Coach and Horses Ground in Dronfield.
There are a number of
golfcourses in sheffield, varying from "pitch and putt" up to at least 15 full size courses. Lee Westwoodfrom nearby Worksopmainly uses Sheffield courses for practice. Arguably the most impressive is Hallamshire Golf Coursebased at Sandygate, which overlooks the city of Sheffield to the east and the Peak Districtto the west.
English Institute of Sport
In 1998 it was announced that Sheffield would host national headquarters of the
UK Sports Institutewith an anticipated investment of £40-£60 million pounds. However, in October 1999 it was decided that a national headquarters should be scrapped in favour of a decentralised structure [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199798/cmhansrd/vo980611/text/80611w11.htm 1998 written questions] and [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199899/cmhansrd/vo991025/text/91025w31.htm 1999 written questions] ] . Despite this, the largest sport-related investment in Sheffield so far, was the £23,540,000 English Institute of Sport - Sheffield(EISS), opened in December 2003 [http://www.uksport.gov.uk/template.asp?id=433 EISS News story] ] . The £15.7 million iceSheffield, opened in May 2003, is also part of the project [http://www.icesheffield.com/icecentre/viewpage.asp?pg_id=3 iceSheffield site] ] . Placed between the existing Sheffield Arena and Don Valley Stadium, this created one of the most concentrated areas of sports facilities in the country.
Major Sporting Events
* [http://www.playgolfsheffield.com/ Play Golf Sheffield]
* [http://www.locallife.co.uk/sheffield/sport.asp Local Life] - gives information on local facilities
* [http://www.itchysheffield.co.uk/sport/ Itchy Sheffield] - local sport guide
* [http://www.btinternet.com/~a.drake/2003sheffhist.htm History of football in Sheffield]
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