Edward the Exile


Edward the Exile

Edward the Exile (1016–February 1057), also called "Edward Ætheling", son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth, gained the name of "Exile" from his life spent mostly far from the England of his forefathers. After the Danish conquest of England in 1016 Canute had him and his brother, Edmund, exiled to the Continent. Edward was only a few months old when he was brought to the court of Olof Skötkonung, (who was either Canute's half-brother or stepbrother), with instructions to have the child murdered. Instead, Edmund was secretly sent to Kiev, where Olof's daughter Ingigerd was the Queen, and then made his way to Hungary, probably in the retinue of Ingigerd's son-in-law, King András.

On hearing the news of his being alive, Edward the Confessor recalled him to England and made him his heir. Edward offered the last chance of an undisputed succession within the Saxon royal house. News of Edward's existence came at time when the old Anglo-Saxon Monarchy, restored after a long period of Danish domination, was heading for catastrophe. The Confessor, personally devout but politically weak, was unable to make an effective stand against the steady advance of the powerful and ambitious sons of Earl Godwin. From across the Channel William, Duke of Normandy also had an eye on the succession. Edward the Exile appeared at just the right time. Approved by both king and by the Witan, the Council of the Realm, he offered a way out of the impasse, a counter both to the Godwins and to William, and one with a legitimacy that could not be readily challenged.

Edward, who had been in the custody of Henry III, the Holy Roman Emperor, finally came back to England at the end of August 1057. But he died within two days of his arrival. The exact cause of Edward's death remains unclear, but he had many powerful enemies, and there is a strong possibility that he was murdered, although by whom it is not known with any certainty. It is known, though, that his access to the king was blocked soon after his arrival in England for some unexplained reason, at a time when the Godwins, in the person of Harold Godwinson, were once again in the ascendant. This turn of events left the throne of England to be disputed by Earl Harold and Duke William, ultimately leading to the Norman Conquest of England.

Edward's wife was a woman named Agatha, whose origins are disputed. Their children were Edgar Ætheling, Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina. Edgar was nominated as heir apparent, but was too young to count for much, and was eventually swept aside by Harold Godwinson.

Ancestors

ahnentafel-compact5
style=font-size: 110%; line-height: 110%;
border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Edward the Exile
2= 2. Edmund Ironside
3= 3. Edith of East Anglia
4= 4. Ethelred the Unready
5= 5. Ælfgifu
6=
7=
8= 8. Edgar the Peaceful
9= 9. Ælfthryth
10= 10. Thored
11= 11. Unknown
12=
13=
14=
15=
16= 16. Edmund I of England
17= 17. Elgiva
18= 18. Ordgar
19= 19. ?
20=
21=
22=
23=
24=
25=
26=
27=
28=
29=
30=
31=

ee also

*House of Wessex family tree

References

Gabriel Ronay, "The lost King of England : the East European adventures of Edward the Exile", Woodbridge, Suffolk ; Wolfeboro, N.H., USA : Boydell Press, 1989, ISBN 0-85115-541-3, pp. 109-121

External links

* [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic2.html Genealogy for Edward the Exile]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agatha, wife of Edward the Exile — Agatha was the wife of Edward the Exile (heir to the throne of England) and mother of Edgar Ætheling, Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina of England. Her antecedents are unclear, and subject to much speculation.LifeNothing is known of her… …   Wikipedia

  • Cristina, daughter of Edward the Exile — Cristina Christina Father Edward the Exile Mother Agatha Born Hungary Died …   Wikipedia

  • Edward the Confessor — St. Edward the Confessor EDWARD(US) REX. Edward the Confessor enthroned , opening scene of the Bayeux Tapestry King of England Reign 8 June 1042 – 5 January 1066 …   Wikipedia

  • The eXile — Infobox Newspaper name = The Exile caption = The 2006 11 17 (#251) front page of the eXile , featuring a redesigned masthead type = Alternative weekly format = Tabloid foundation = 1997 ceased publication = 2008 price = owners = Independent… …   Wikipedia

  • St. Edward the Confessor —     St. Edward the Confessor     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Edward the Confessor     King of England, born in 1003; died 5 January, 1066. He was the son of Ethelred II and Emma, daughter of Duke Richard of Normandy, being thus half brother to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Charles Edward, the Young Pretender — orig. Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart known as Bonnie Prince Charlie born Dec. 31, 1720, Rome died Jan. 31, 1788, Rome Claimant to the British throne. He was the son of the royal pretender James Edward and grandson of the exiled James… …   Universalium

  • James Edward, the Old Pretender — orig. James Francis Edward Stuart born June 10, 1688, London, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1766, Rome, Papal States Claimant to the English and Scottish thrones. Son of the exiled James II of England, he was raised in France as a Catholic. On the death of… …   Universalium

  • Edward of England — may refer to:* Kings of the English or of England ** Edward the Elder (died 924), King of the English ** Edward the Martyr (died 978 or 979), King of the English ** Edward the Confessor (died 1066), King of the English ** Edward I of England… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Etheling — Eduard Ætheling oder Edward the Exile (* 1016; † Februar 1057) war der Sohn des englischen Königs Edmund Ironside und der Ealdgyth. Er erhielt den Beinamen „Exile“, da er den größten Teil seines Lebens außerhalb Englands verbrachte. Der Beinamen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Irish (in Countries Other Than Ireland) —     The Irish (in countries other than Ireland)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Irish (in countries other than Ireland)     I. IN THE UNITED STATES     Who were the first Irish to land on the American continent and the time of their arrival are …   Catholic encyclopedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.