- Alan Rouse
Alan Paul Rouse (
December 19, 1951- August 10, 1986) was the first British climber to reach the summit of the second highest mountain in the world, K2, but died on the descent.
He was born in
Wallaseyand began climbing at the age of 15, soon climbing many of the most difficult routes in North Wales. He attended Birkenhead Schoolfrom 1963 to 1970 and Emmanuel College, Cambridgeuntil 1973. At Cambridge he was distracted from his studies by climbing and by his hedonistic life-style. He was a highly sociable, but heavy drinker; by his own admission he was a 'womaniser', and liked to 'live on the edge'. [Birtles, Geoff, "Alan Rouse: A Mountaineer's Life", HarperCollins, 1987 (ISBN 0-04-440075-6)] As a result he only managed to gain an ordinary pass degree in Mathematics, despite showing early promise in the subject. On leaving Cambridge he worked periodically in teaching but was often away on climbing expeditions. He eventually became a professional mountaineer, lecturing, guiding, writing and acting as an adviser to the outdoor equipment trade. He moved to Sheffieldin easy reach of the rocks of the Peak District. Rouse became a highly experienced climber in places as far afield as Scotland, North Wales, Patagonia, Peru, the Alps, the Andes, New Zealandand Nepal. He was also elected vice-president of the British Mountaineering Council.
In 1980, Rouse, Dr Michael Ward and
Chris Boningtonwere among the few Europeans to visit the high mountains of China, reopening some of these to foreign mountaineers. In the winter of 1980–81, Rouse led a British expedition to attempt Mount Everestby the west ridge, without using oxygen or Sherpas. The trip was not successful, but in the summer of 1981 he climbed Kongur Tagh, a hitherto unclimbed peak in western China, with Bonington, Joe Taskerand Peter Boardman. K2is regarded as a much more difficult climb than Mount Everestand has a high fatality rate. In 1983, Rouse made his first attempt on K2 with an international team by a new route up the south ridge.
1986 K2 disaster
In 1986, Rouse returned as the leader of a British expedition and obtained a permit to climb the difficult North-West Ridge, instead of the conventional Abruzzi ridge. After they had made several unsuccessful attempts to establish camps on their chosen route, the British team members – apart from Rouse and Jim Curran, a cameraman – left.
Rouse's expedition was not the only one facing difficulties that summer on K2. An American expedition to the South-South-West Ridge suffered two casualties -
John Smolichand Alan Penningtonwere killed in an avalanche on June 21, after which their teammates left the mountain. Lilliane and Maurice Barrard, French climbers, disappeared on their descent on June 24after successfully summiting (though their bodies were later recovered). A Polish climber, Tadeusz Piotrowski, fell to his death after a successful summit of the Central Rib of the South Face, on July 10. On July 16, Renato Casarottofell into a crevasse, after an unsuccessful attempt at climbing the South-South-West Ridge, and died later that day after being pulled out. Wojciech Wröz, a Polish climber, died during his descent on August 3- August 4, after a successful ascent of the South-South-West Ridge. On August 4, Mohammed Ali (Sirdar, or leader, of a South Korean expedition's high-altitude porters) was killed by stonefall on the Abruzzi Ridge. Difficult weather conditions caused many other injuries and near-fatalities throughout the summer. [Curran, Jim, "K2: Triumph and Tragedy." p.187-88. Grafton, 1989. (ISBN 0-586-20569-1)]
While Rouse and the British expedition attempted the North-West Ridge, other expeditions had also been trying various routes, with and without oxygen. After his fellow team members left the mountain, Rouse and six climbers from these expeditions decided to join forces to try the conventional route without a permit. There were four
Austrian men, Alfred Imitzer, Hannes Wieser, Willi Bauerand Kurt Diemberger, a Polish woman, Dobroslawa Miodowicz-Wolf, and a British woman, Julie Tullis.
They reached Camp IV at (8,157 metres, 26,760 feet), the final staging post before the summit. For reasons that are still unclear, this impromptu team decided to wait a day before trying the final stage to the summit. None of the climbers on the Abruzzi Ridge chose to follow the team consiting of three Korean climbers who had set out on an oxygen aided attempt on
August3rd, even though the trail would have been broken through the deep snow for those climbing without oxygen. On the following day, it was obvious that the weather was deteriorating, but Rouse and Wolf set out for the summit. Wolf quickly tired and dropped back, whilst Rouse continued. Because he was breaking the trail alone, two of the Austrian climbers, Willi Bauerand Alfred Imitzer, caught up with him some 100 vertical meters below the summit. By then Rouse could fall in behind the Austrians, thus making his ascent easier the last stretch, and the three reached the summit together on August 4, 1986.
On the way down, they found Wolf asleep in the snow and persuaded her to descend. They also met Kurt Diemberger and Julie Tullis, still on their way up and tried to persuade them to descend but with no success. Diemberger and Tullis also summitted but very late, at dusk wich occurred around 7 pm. On the descent, Tullis fell. Even though she survived, both Tullis and Diemberger had to spend the night, bivouaced in the open.
Eventually, all the climbers reached Camp IV, where
Hannes Wieser, waited. The seven waited for the storm to abate. Instead, the storm worsened with much snow, winds over 160 km/h, and sub-zero temperatures. With no food or any gas to melt snow into water, the situation soon became life threatening. At an altitude of 8000 m (26,000 ft) the body requires appr. 6 liters of fluid a day to avoid clotting of the blood. Lack of oxygen (the oxygen saturation of the air is only a third of that on sea level) gradually starves both lungs and brain until activity seizes. Tullis died during the night of August 6– August 7, presumably of HAPE, high altitude pulmonary edema, a common consequence of lack of oxygen during physical exertion. The other six climbers stayed for the next three days, but remained barely conscious. On August 10, the snow stopped, but the temperature dropped and the wind continued unabated. The climbers, although severely weakened, decided that they had no option but to move.
Rouse, when conscious, was in agony, and the other climbers decided to leave him to save their own lives. Blinded, Imitzer and Wieser did not descend far before succumbing. Wolf, who was descending last, probably fell asleep (and didn't wake up) later on the descent after they had found that Camp III had been blown away by the hurricane force winds. Of the seven climbers who had originally reached Camp IV on
August 4and August 5, only Diemberger and Bauer reached Base Camp. Both suffered severe frostbite and lost many fingers and toes.
Alan Rouse is presumed to have died on
August 10, 1986. He was survived by his girlfriend, Deborah Sweeney, who gave birth to their daughter, Holly, three weeks later. The library of the British Mountaineering Councilis named in honour of Alan Rouse.
* [http://outside.away.com/news/specialreport/alison/K2omag.html K2 tragedy]
* [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/62502 Anita McConnell, ‘Rouse, Alan Paul (1951–1986)’ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004]
* Birtles, Geoff, "Alan Rouse: A Mountaineer's Life", HarperCollins, 1987 (ISBN 0-04-440075-6)
* Curran, Jim, "K2: Triumph and Tragedy", Grafton, 1989, (ISBN 0-586-20569-1)
* Diemberger, Kurt, "The Endless Knot: K2, Mountain of Dreams and Destiny", Mountaineers Books, 1991 (ISBN 0-89886-300-7)
* Fawcett, Ron; Lowe, Jeff; Nunn, Paul; Rouse, Alan; & Salkeld, Audrey, "The Climber's Handbook: Rock, Ice, Alpine, Expeditions", Sierra Club Books, 1987 (ISBN 0-87156-702-4)
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