English garden

English garden

thumb|The_English Grounds of Wörlitz were one of the largest English parks in 18th-century Europe.

The term "English garden" or "English park" ( _fr. Jardin anglais, _it. Giardino all'inglese, _de. Englischer Landschaftsgarten) is used in Continental Europe to refer to a type of natural-appearing large-scale landscape garden with its origins in the English landscape gardens of the 18th century, especially those associated with Capability Brown. The two English parks most influential on the Continent were those of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, and Stourhead, Wiltshire. The European "English garden" is characteristically on a smaller scale and more filled with "eye-catchers" than most English landscape gardens: grottoes, temples, tea-houses, belvederes, pavilions, sham ruins, bridges and statues, though the main ingredients of the English garden in England are sweeps of gently rolling ground and water, against a woodland background with clumps of trees and outlier groves. The name— not used in the United Kingdom, where "landscape garden" serves— differentiates it from the formal baroque design of the French formal garden. One of the best-known English gardens in Europe is the Englischer Garten in Munich.

In the United Kingdom the style is particularly associated with Capability Brown. The dominant style was revised in the early nineteenth century to include more "gardenesque" [The term gardenesque was introduced by John Claudius Loudon.] features, including shrubberies with gravelled walks, tree plantations to satisfy botanical curiosity, and, most notably, the return of flowers, in skirts of sweeping planted beds. This is the version of the landscape garden most imitated in Europe in the nineteenth century. The outer areas of the "home park" of English country houses retain their naturalistic shaping. English gardening since the 1840s has been on a more restricted scale, closer and more allied to the residence.

The canonical European "English park" contains a number of Romantic elements. Always present is a pond or small lake with a pier or bridge. Overlooking the pond is a round or hexagonal pavilion, often in the shape of a monopteros, a Roman temple. Sometimes the park also has a "Chinese" pavilion. Other elements include a grotto and imitation ruins.

Notable designers of the English prototypes of the "Englischer Garten" include John Vanbrugh (1664-1726). Stephen Switzer (1682-1745), the poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744), Charles Bridgeman (1690-1738), William Kent (1685-1748), and Capability Brown (1716-1783).

A second style of English garden, which became popular during the twentieth century in France and northern Europe, is the late nineteenth-century English cottage garden. [ [http://landscaping.about.com/cs/history/a/design_history_3.htm From Peasants to Monet - Triumph of English Cottage Gardens] ]


ee also

*List of landscape gardens

External links

* [http://www.theenglishgarden.co.uk The English Garden Magazine website]
* [http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1509 The English Landscape Garden (1600-1818)]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • English garden — ▪ garden French  Jardin Anglais,        type of garden that developed in 18th century England, originating as a revolt against the architectural garden, which relied on rectilinear patterns, sculpture, and the unnatural shaping of trees. The… …   Universalium

  • english garden wall bond — noun Usage: usually capitalized E : a masonry bond employing three courses of stretchers to one of headers …   Useful english dictionary

  • Matsue English Garden Mae Station — (松江イングリッシュガーデン前駅, Matsue Ingurisshu Gāden mae Eki …   Wikipedia

  • Kensington English Garden Resort Khaoyai — (Wangkata,Таиланд) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес …   Каталог отелей

  • An English Garden — (Деннис Порт,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 32 Inman Road, Деннис …   Каталог отелей

  • Bond, English Garden-Wall — ♦ In which there is a single course of headers and then five (or sometimes three) courses of stretchers. This is not so strong since the bricks are bonded only through every fourth or sixth course. This is characterisitic post medieval bond in… …   Medieval glossary

  • garden and landscape design — Introduction       the development and decorative planting of gardens, yards, grounds, parks, and other types of areas. Gardening and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and… …   Universalium

  • English cuisine — This article is part of a series on British cuisine …   Wikipedia

  • Garden Angelica — Taxobox name = Garden Angelica image width = 240px regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Apiales familia = Apiaceae genus = Angelica species = A. archangelica binomial = Angelica archangelica binomial authority …   Wikipedia

  • garden — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. herbary, nursery, pleasance; flower beds. See agriculture. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. vegetable patch, plot, bed, border, cultivated area, enclosure, field, truck garden, herb garden, rock garden, rose… …   English dictionary for students

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.