Neosho River

Neosho River
Neosho River
Neosho River near Neosho Rapids, Kansas
Country United States
States Oklahoma, Kansas
Source Near White City, Kansas
 - elevation 1,450 ft (442 m) [1]
 - coordinates 38°47′22″N 96°44′39″W / 38.78944°N 96.74417°W / 38.78944; -96.74417 [2]
Mouth Arkansas River
 - elevation 489 ft (149 m) [2]
 - coordinates 35°47′32″N 95°17′40″W / 35.79222°N 95.29444°W / 35.79222; -95.29444 [2]
Length 463 mi (745 km)
Basin 11,534 sq mi (29,873 km2) [3]
Discharge for USGS gage 07191500 near Chouteau, OK
 - average 8,954 cu ft/s (253.5 m3/s) [3]
 - max 154,000 cu ft/s (4,360.8 m3/s)
 - min 12 cu ft/s (0.3 m3/s)
Map of the Neosho River and its watershed
Fort Gibson Dam and Reservoir on the Grand River in Cherokee and Wagoner Counties, Oklahoma
Fort Gibson Lake and Sequoyah State Park on the Grand River in Cherokee County, Oklahoma

The Neosho River is a tributary of the Arkansas River in eastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma in the United States. Its tributaries also drain portions of Missouri and Arkansas. The river is about 463 miles (745 km) long.[4] Via the Arkansas, it is part of the Mississippi River watershed.



The Neosho's headwaters are in Morris County, Kansas, and it flows southeast through Kansas. In Ottawa County, Oklahoma, the river turns south-southwest for the remainder of its course through Oklahoma. It meets the Arkansas River near the city of Muskogee, about a mile downstream of the confluence of the Arkansas River and the Verdigris River.

In Oklahoma the Neosho ends at its confluence with Spring River at Twin Bridges State Park. From that point on it is called the Grand River. The Grand River flows south to the Grand Lake.


The Neosho has been dammed at several points along its course, in most cases by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. In Kansas, a dam upstream of Council Grove forms Council Grove Lake, and a dam near New Strawn forms John Redmond Reservoir. In Oklahoma, a dam at Langley forms the Neosho's largest reservoir, the Grand Lake o' the Cherokees. A dam near Locust Grove forms Lake Hudson (also known as Markham Ferry Reservoir), and a dam upstream of Fort Gibson forms Fort Gibson Lake.


In Kansas, the Neosho is joined by the Cottonwood River in Lyon County. In Oklahoma, it is joined by the Spring River in Ottawa County and the Elk River in Delaware County.

Cities and towns along the Neosho River

Variant names

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Neosho River has also been known as:

  • Grand River, particularly past the confluence of the Neosho and Spring rivers in Oklahoma—see Grand River (Oklahoma)
  • Le Grande Riviere
  • Nee Ozho River
  • Neozhoo River
  • Ni-u-sho River
  • Niocho River
  • Nion-chou River
  • Noshow River
  • Osage River
  • Rio Blanco
  • Six Bulls River

See also

  • List of Kansas rivers
  • List of Oklahoma rivers


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neosho River — or Grand River River, southeastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma, U.S. It rises in east central Kansas and flows into Oklahoma, where it is also known as the Grand, to join the Arkansas River near Fort Gibson. It flows about 460 mi (740 km).… …   Universalium

  • Neosho River — noun a river that rises in eastern Kansas and flows eastward into Oklahoma to become a tributary of the Arkansas River • Syn: ↑Neosho • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Kansas, ↑Sunflower State, ↑KS, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Neosho — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Neosho (Missouri) Neosho (Wisconsin) Neosho Falls Neosho Rapids sowie danach benannter Schiffe: USS Neosho (AO 23) Siehe auch: Neosho County Neosho Township (Newton County, Missouri) Neosho… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neosho — The origin of the name Neosho (or Neozho; pronounced nē ō shō originally nē ō zhō , or nē ō zhū ) is not certain. It is generally accepted to be of Osage (a Native American tribe) derivation. William Cutler, on page 826 of his book History of… …   Wikipedia

  • Neosho (rivière) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neosho. Neosho …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Neosho County — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Kansas Verwaltungssitz: Erie Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 138 Erie, KS 66733 0138 Gründung: 3. Juni 1861 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neosho — noun a river that rises in eastern Kansas and flows eastward into Oklahoma to become a tributary of the Arkansas River • Syn: ↑Neosho River • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Kansas, ↑Sunflower State, ↑KS, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Neosho madtom — Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN …   Wikipedia

  • Neosho mucket — Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 2.3) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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