Alawite State


Alawite State

Infobox Former Country
native_name = دولة العلويين
conventional_long_name = State of Alawites / État des Alaouites
common_name = Alawite
continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East
region = Middle East
country = Syria
era = Interwar period
status = League of Nations Mandate
empire = France
event_start =
year_start = 1920
date_start = September 2
event_end =
year_end = 1936
date_end = December 5
event_pre = French occupation
date_pre = 1918
event1 = State declared
date_event1 = September 29, 1923
event2 = Named "Alawite State"
date_event2 = January 1, 1925
event3 = Names "Sanjak of Latakia"
date_event3 = September 22, 1930
p1 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
s1 = Syria
flag_s1 = Syria-flag 1932-58 1961-63.svg








image_map_caption = The Alawite State (green) in the Mandate of Syria.
capital = Latakia
religion = Alawite Islam
common_languages = Arabic, French
representative1 = Niéger
year_representative1 = 1920-1921
representative2 = H. Schoeffler
year_representative2 = 1925-1936
title_representative = Governor

The Alawite State ( _ar. العلويين), also known in French as Alaouites, after the locally dominant Alawite sect of Shi'a Islam, was a French mandate territory in the coastal area of present-day Syria after World War I. [ [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Syria.html#Alawite%20Territory Alawite Territory (Latakia)] , From [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/ worldstatesmen.org] ]

History

The collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the Great War brought on a scramble to take control of various provinces of the disintegrating empire. France occupied Syria in 1918, and received the Alawite Territory as a mandate from the League of Nations on September 2, 1920. Initially it was an autonomous territory under French rule, but on 1 July 1922 was incorporated into French Syria.

On September 29, 1923, it was declared a state with the port city of Latakia as its capital, and on 1 January 1925 was formally renamed the Alawite State.

On September 22, 1930, it was renamed the Sanjak of Latakia. The population at this time was 278,000.

On 5 December 1936 (effective in 1937) it was fully incorporated into Syria.

French Governors

*2 September 1920 - 192. Niéger
*192. - 1 July 1922 Gaston Henri Gustave Billotte (b. 1875 - d. 1940)
*1 January 1925 - 1925 Léon Henri Charles Cayla (b. 1881 - d. 1965)
*1925 - 5 December 1936 H. Schoeffler

Postage stamps

ee also

*Alawites
*Alexandretta/Hatay
*French Mandate of Syria
*Jabal el Druze (state)

References

External links

* [http://unimaps.com/syria-leb1923/mainmap.gifMap]
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Syria.html#Alawite%20Territory WorldStatesmen]


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