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Apaturia (Απατουρια) were Ancient Greek festivals held annually by all the Ionian towns except Ephesus and Colophon (Herodotus i. 147). At Athens it took place from October to November, and lasted three days, on which occasion the various phratries, or clans, of Attica met to discuss their affairs. The name is a slightly modified form ofαπατορια = ἁμαπατορια, ὁμοπατορια, the festival of "common relationship." The ancient etymology associated it with απατη (deceit), a legend existing that the festival originated in 1100 B.C. as a commemoration of a single combat between a certain Melan, representing King Thymoetes of Attica, and King Xanthus Boeotia, in which Melanthus successfully threw his adversary off his guard by crying that a man in a black goat's skin (identified with Dionysus) was helping him (Schol. Aristophanes, "Acharnians", 146). On the first day of the festival, called Dorpia or Dorpeia, banquets were held towards evening at the meeting-place of the phratries or in the private houses of members. On the second, Anarrhysis (from αναρρυειν, to draw back the victim's head), a sacrifice of oxen was offered at the public cost to Zeus Phratrius and Athena. On the third day, Kureōtis(κουρεωτις), children born since the last festival were presented by their fathers or guardians to the assembled phratores, and, after an oath had been taken as to their legitimacy and the sacrifice of a goat or a sheep, their names were inscribed in the register. The name κουρεωτις is derived either from κουρος, that is, the day of the young, or less probably from κειρω, because on this occasion young people cut their hair and offered it to the gods. The victim was called μειον. On this day also it was the custom for boys still at school to declaim pieces of poetry, and to receive prizes (Plato, "Timaeus", 21 B). According to Hesychius these three days of the festival were followed by a fourth, called επιβδα, but this is merely a general term for the day after any festival.



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  • Apaturĭa — (gr. Ant.), ein den Ionern gemeinschaftliches, bes. athenisches Volksfest im 3. Monate Pyanepsion (od. bei den Kyzikenern u. Teniern Apaturĭon), zu Ehren des Zeus u. des Bakchos 3 Tage gefeiert. Der erste Tag des Festes hieß Dorpia, weil man sich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • APATURIA — I. APATURIA Minerva ab Aethra sic dicta, quae per quietem ab ea monita, ut Sphaero sacrificaret, cum in insulam traiecisser, a Neptuno compressa, Palladis templum ibi erexit. Praetereaque constiturit, ut Troezemorum virgines zonas ante nuptias… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Apaturia — Apaturies Les Apaturies ou Apatouries (Άπατούρία) sont des festivités religieuses de la Grèce antique qui se déroulaient dans plusieurs régions de Grèce mais qui semble d’origine, ou du moins d’inspiration athénienne. C’est la fête des phratries… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Apaturia — ▪ Greek religious festival       Greek religious festival that was held annually in nearly all the Ionian towns. At Athens it took place in the month of Pyanopsion (October–November) and lasted three days, on which occasion the various phratries… …   Universalium

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  • Etra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Teseo y Etra, Laurent de La Hyre, c. 1635–40, Museo de Bellas Artes de Budapest. En la mitología griega Etra (en griego antiguo Αἴθρα, Aíthra) era una hij …   Wikipedia Español

  • АПАТУРИИ — (греч. apaturia). Древне афинский трехдневный праздник при принятии юношей во фратрии. Словарь иностранных слов, вошедших в состав русского языка. Чудинов А.Н., 1910. АПАТУРИИ греч. apaturia. Трехдневный праздник в честь Бахуса в древних Афинах.… …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • MELANTHUS XVI — MELANTHUS XVI. Atheniensium Rex, an. ante Urb. Cond. 367. Messenius erat, Andropompi fil. et cum ab Heraclidis, in Peloponnesum reversis, (unde insignis illa epocha, Η῾ρακλειδῶν Κάθοδος, Heraclidarum Reditus, scil. in Peloponnesum) annô a Troia… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • apaturii — APATÚRII s.f.pl. (Ant.) Sărbători solemne în cinstea zeiţei Venus, care durau trei zile şi care aminteau vechea organizare a Atenei. [cf. fr. apaturies < lat., gr. apaturia]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 04.11.2004. Sursa: DN  APATÚRII s. f. pl.,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Δορπία — Δορπίᾱ , Δορπία the first day of the feast Apaturia fem nom/voc/acc dual Δορπίᾱ , Δορπία the first day of the feast Apaturia fem nom/voc sg (attic doric aeolic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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