- Emperor Chūkyō
Chūkyō Emperor of Japan Reign 1221 Born October 30, 1218 Died June 18, 1234 (aged 16) Buried Kujō no Misasagi (Kyoto) Predecessor Juntoku Successor Go-Horikawa
Emperor Chūkyō (仲恭天皇 Chūkyō-tennō ) (October 30, 1218 – June 18, 1234) was the 85th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned only months in 1221, and he was not officially listed amongst the emperors until 1870 because of doubts caused by the length of his reign. The Imperial Household Agency recognizes Kujō no misasagi (九條陵) near Tōfuku-ji in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto as his tomb.
Events of Chūkyō's life
Chūkyō was enthroned at the age of two following the deposing of his father, the Emperor Juntoku in preparation for the Jōkyū Incident, an unsuccessful attempt by Juntoku's father, the Retired Emperor Go-Toba, to overthrow the Kamakura Bakufu.
- 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 20th day of the 4th month): In the 11th year of Juntoku-tennō 's reign (順徳天皇11年), the emperor abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by eldest son who was only 4 years old. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Chūkyō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
That same year, after the Jōkyū Incident, he was dethroned and replaced by his first cousin once removed Emperor Go-Horikawa, the nephew of Emperor Go-Toba.
Because of his dethronement just 2 months after the Jōkyū Incident, his enthronement was not recognized. He was known as the Kujō Dethroned Emperor (Kujō Haitei, 九条廃帝), the Half-Emperor (半帝), and the Later Dethroned Emperor (Go-Haitei, 後廃帝, a reference to Emperor Junnin who was often called Haitei, 廃帝).
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Chūkyo's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
Eras of Chūkyō's reign
The year of Chūkyō's reign is more specifically encompassed within a single era name or nengō.
- Jōkyū (1219–1222)
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 236-237; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 343-344; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 223-226.
- ^ Brown, pp. 264; n.b., up until the time of Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors (their imina) were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 148; Brown, p. 343; Varley, p. 223.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 236; Brown, p.343; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- ^ Brown, p. 343-344 n.104.
- ^ a b Brown, p. 344.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 236; Brown, p. 343-344.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [ Jien, c. 1220], Gukanshō (The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland.
- Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359], Jinnō Shōtōki (A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4
Regnal titles Preceded by
Emperors of Japan:
Monarchs of Japan (List)
- Family Tree
- Imperial House
Legendary period Kofun period Asuka period (552–710) Nara period (710–794) Heian period (794–1185) Kamakura period (1185–1333) Northern Court (1333–1392) Muromachi period (1333–1573) Momoyama period (1573–1603) Edo period (1603–1868) Prewar period (1868–1945) Postwar period (1945–present)♀ - Empresses
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chukyo — can refer to: the city of Nagoya (中京 Chūkyō). Various things are named after the city: Chūkyō Industrial Area Chūkyō Metropolitan Area Chūkyō Television Broadcasting Chukyo University Chukyo Racecourse 仲恭 (Chūkyō) Emperor Chūkyō … Wikipedia
Chukyo — Chūkyō L empereur Chūkyō (仲恭天皇, Chūkyō Tennō, 30 octobre 1218 – 18 juin 1234) était le 85e empereur du Japon, selon l ordre traditionnel de la succession, et a régné du 13 mai au 29 juillet 1221. Son nom personnel était Kanenari (懐成). En raisons… … Wikipédia en Français
Chûkyô — Chūkyō L empereur Chūkyō (仲恭天皇, Chūkyō Tennō, 30 octobre 1218 – 18 juin 1234) était le 85e empereur du Japon, selon l ordre traditionnel de la succession, et a régné du 13 mai au 29 juillet 1221. Son nom personnel était Kanenari (懐成). En raisons… … Wikipédia en Français
Emperor Go-Toba — Infobox Monarch name = Emperor Go Toba title =82nd Emperor of Japan caption = reign =The 20th day of 8th month of Juei 2 (1183) The 11th day of 1st month of Kenkyū 9 (1198) coronation =The 28th day of 7th month of Juei 3 (1184) predecessor… … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Horikawa — (March 22, 1212 ndash; August 31, 1234) was the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years from 1221 through 1232. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 238 241;… … Wikipedia
Chūkyō — L empereur Chūkyō (仲恭天皇, Chūkyō Tennō, 30 octobre 1218 – 18 juin 1234) était le 85e empereur du Japon, selon l ordre traditionnel de la succession, et a régné du 13 mai au 29 juillet 1221. Son nom personnel était Kanenari (懐成). En raisons de… … Wikipédia en Français
Emperor Junnin — Infobox Monarch name = Emperor Junnin title =47th Emperor of Japan caption = reign =758 764 coronation = predecessor =Empress Kōken successor =Empress Shōtoku suc type = heir = consort =Awata no Morone issue = royal house = royal anthem = father … Wikipedia
Emperor Juntoku — nihongo|Emperor Juntoku|順徳天皇|Juntoku tennō (October 22, 1197 ndash; October 7, 1242) was the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).… … Wikipedia
Emperor Meiji — Mingzhi redirects here. For other uses, see Meiji. Emperor Meiji 明治天皇 Emperor of Japan Reign 3 February 1867 – 30 July 1912 ( … Wikipedia
Emperor Tenji — Tenji Emperor of Japan (From Ogura Hyakunin Isshu) Reign 661–668 (regency) 668–672 Born … Wikipedia