- Emperor Fushimi
Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇 "Fushimi-tennō") (
May 10, 1265– October 8, 1317) was the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1287 through 1298. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du Japon," pp. 269-274; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki." pp. 237-238.]
Before his ascension to the
Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his "imina") was nihongo|Hirohito"-shinnō"|熈仁親王. [Titsingh, p. 269; Varley, p. 237.]
::"Note": Although the Roman-alphabet spelling of the name of this 13th-century emperor is the same as the personal name of
Emperor Shōwa, the kanjiare different:::: Emperor Fushimi, formerly Prince Hirohito (熈仁)::: Emperor Shōwa, formerly Prince Hirohito (裕仁)
He was the second son of
Emperor Go-Fukakusa. They were from the Jimyōin-tō line.
*Empress: Saionji (Fujiwara) ?? (西園寺（藤原）金章子)
*Lady-in-waiting: Daughter of Miki (Minamoto) ?? (三木（源）具氏)
*Lady-in-waiting: Itsutsuji (Fujiwara) Tsuneko ?? (五辻（藤原）経子)
**First son: Imperial Prince Tanehito (胤仁親王) (
*Consort: Tōin Fujiwara ?? (洞院（藤原）季子)
**First daughter: Imperial Princess ?? (甝子内親王 (甝 = 王壽))
**Second daughter: Imperial Princess Shigeko ?? (誉子内親王)
**Second son: Imperial Prince ?? (寛性入道親王) (Buddhist Lay Priest)
**Third daughter: Imperial Princess ?? (延子内親王)
**Fourth son: Imperial Prince Tomihito (富仁親王) (
His name comes from the palace of the Jimyōin-tō.
Events of Fushimi's life
Hirohito"-shinnō" was named
Crown Princeand heir to his first cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Uda. Political maneuvering by Fushimi's father, the Jimyōin-tō Emperor Go-Fukakusa, were a crucial factor in this choice.
* "Kōan 10", in the 10th month (1287): In the 13th year of Go-Uda"-tennō"'s reign (後宇多天皇13年), the emperor abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Fushimi is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’). [Titsingh, p. 269; Varley, p. 44. [A distinct act of "senso" is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have "senso" and "sokui" in the same year until the reign of Go-Murakami.] ]
After this, there was a short period of time in which the two lines alternated power. Two years later, the retired
Emperor Go-Fukakusaended his reign as Cloistered Emperor, Fushimi taking direct control.
In 1289, by making his own son (the future
Emperor Go-Fushimi) Crown Prince, he increased the antagonism of the Daikakuji line.
In 1290, the family of Asawara Tameyori made an assassination attempt on the Emperor.
But, three years later, in 1301, the Daikakuji Line rallied and forced
Emperor Go-Fushimito abdicate.
In 1308, his co-operation with the Bakufu succeeding, his fourth son's enthronement as
Emperor Hanazonotook place, and he again became cloistered Emperor.
During Fushimi's reign, the alternating plan for the Daikakuji and Jimyōin lines had not yet come into being, and the two lines fought each other for the throne.
In 1317, Former-Emperor Fushimi died.
"Kugyō" (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the
Emperor of Japanin pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Fushimi's reign, this apex of the "
Eras of Fushimi's reign
The years of Fushimi's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or "
nengō". [Titsingh, p. 269.]
* "Kōan" (1278-1288)
* "Shōō" (1288-1293)
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/
Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , " Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [
Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , " Jinnō Shōtōki("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Emperor Go-Fushimi — (後伏見天皇 Go Fushimi tennō ) (April 5, 1288 ndash; May 17, 1336) was the 93rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1298 to 1301. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon … Wikipedia
Emperor Hanazono — (花園天皇 Hanazono tennō ) (August 14, 1297 December 2, 1348) was the 95th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He is reign spanned the years from 1308 through 1318. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du… … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Uda — (後宇多天皇 Go Uda tennō ) (December 17, 1267 ndash; July 16, 1324) was the 91st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1274 through 1287. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du … Wikipedia
Fushimi — can refer to: *Emperor Fushimi of Japan *Fushimi, Kyoto, a ward of Kyoto City *Fushimi no miya, a branch of the Japanese Imperial Family … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Fukakusa — nihongo|Emperor Go Fukakusa|後深草天皇|Go Fukakusa tennō (June 28, 1243 ndash; August 17, 1304) was the 89th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1246 through 1260. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).… … Wikipedia
Emperor Kameyama — nihongo|Emperor Kameyama|亀山天皇| Kameyama tennō (July 9, 1249 ndash; October 4, 1305), was the 90th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1259 through 1274. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).… … Wikipedia
Fushimi (empereur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fushimi et Hirohito (homonymie). L empereur retiré Fushimi L empereur Fushimi (伏見天皇, Fushimi Tennō, 10 mai 1265 … Wikipédia en Français
Emperor Shirakawa — (白河天皇 Shirakawa tennō ) (July 7, 1053 ndash; July 24, 1129) was the 72nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from January 18, 1073 to January 5, 1087. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du… … Wikipedia
Emperor Sukō — (崇光天皇 Sukō Tennō ) (May 25, 1334 ndash; January 31, 1398) was the third of Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1348 through 1351.… … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Nijō — (後二条天皇 Go Nijō tennō ) (March 9, 1285 ndash; September 10, 1308) was the 94th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from March 3, 1301 until September 10, 1308. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des… … Wikipedia