- Jimmy Dorsey
Infobox musical artist
Name = Jimmy Dorsey
Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth_name = Jimmy Dorsey
Born = birth date|1904|2|29 in
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, USA
Died = death date and age|1957|6|12|1904|2|29
Saxophone, Clarinet, Trumpet
Genre = Big Band, Swing,
Years_active = 1920s – 1950s
Tommy Dorsey, California Ramblers, The Dorsey Brothers, The Charleston Chasers, "Dorsey's Novelty Six"
James "Jimmy" Dorsey (
February 29, 1904– June 12, 1957) was a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, trumpeterand big bandleader.
Jimmy Dorsey was born in
Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, the son of a music teacher and older brother of Tommy Dorseywho also became a prominent musician. He played trumpetin his youth, appearing on stage in a Vaudevilleact as early as 1913. He switched to alto saxophonein 1915, and then learned to double on clarinet. While little-known now, Jimmy Dorsey played on a clarinet outfitted with the Albert systemof fingering, as opposed to the more common Boehm systemused by most of his contemporaries including Benny Goodmanand Artie Shaw
With his brother Tommy playing trombone, he formed Dorsey’s Novelty Six, one of the first jazz bands to broadcast. In 1924 he joined the
California Ramblers(who were based in New York City). He did much free lance radio and recording work throughout the 1920s. The brothers also appeared as session musicians on many jazz recordings. He joined Ted Lewis's band in 1930, with whom he toured Europe.
After returning to the USA he worked briefly with
Rudy Valleeand several other bandleaders, in addition to the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra with Tommy. Tommy broke off to form his own band in 1935 after a musical dispute with Jimmy. The Dorsey Brothers Orchestra became the Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra, and included musicians such as Bobby Byrne, Ray McKinley, and Skeets Herfurtalong with vocalists Bob Eberlyand Kay Weber.
In 1939 Jimmy hired
Helen O'Connellas his female singer. She and Eberly possessed a "boy and girl next door" charm and their pairing produced several of the band's biggest hits. Many of the Eberly-O'Connell recordings were arranged in an unusual 3-section "a-b-c" format. The three-part format was reportedly developed at the insistence of a record producerwho wanted to feature both singers and the full band in a single 3-minute 78 rpmrecording. Eberly sang the first minute, usually as a slow romantic ballad, the next minute featured the full band backing Jimmy's saxophone, and the last minute was sung by O'Connell in a more up-tempo style, sometimes with lyrics in Spanish.
Jimmy continued leading his own band until the early 1950s. In 1953 he joined Tommy's Orchestra, renamed "The Fabulous Dorseys". On December 26, 1953, the brothers and their orchestra appeared on
Jackie Gleason's CBS television program. The success of that television appearance led Gleason to produce a weekly variety program, " Stage Show", hosted by the brothers on CBS from 1954 and 1956. Elvis Presleyappeared on several of the telecasts. Jimmy took over leadership of the orchestra after Tommy's death. Jimmy survived his brother by only a few months and died of lung cancer, aged 53, in New York City. Broadcasts of Jimmy Dorsey and The Fabulous Dorsey Orchestra on NBC Bandstand survive from December 25, and December 31, 1956. At least two other extant broadcasts from the month of December 1956 are available as well. It is hoped that recordings of the band from their winter 1957 tour will surface eventually, as they would provide the last aural evidence of Dorsey's work. It is thought that Dorsey's last appearance was in Joplin, Missouri, on March 12, 1957. Shortly before his death he was awarded a gold recordfor "So Rare," which was recorded on November 11, 1956. Dick Stabile did not have the alto solo on "So Rare," it was Dorsey. In fact, Tommy Dorsey was so incensed by Jimmy's uncharacteristic solo that he believed that it would count against the Dorsey name. That track also has the distinction of reaching the number-two spot in " Billboard Magazine"'s popularity rankings, becoming the highest-rated song by a big band during the first decade of the rock-and-rollera.
Jimmy Dorsey appeared in a number of
Hollywoodmotion pictures, including " That Girl From Paris", " Shall We Dance?", " The Fleet's In", " Lost in Harlem", " I Dood It", and the bio-pic with his brother Tommy, " The Fabulous Dorseys".
Dorsey is considered one of the most prominent alto saxophone players of the pre-
* "Contrasts" (theme song)
* "Parade of the Milk Bottle Caps"
On a Little Street in Singapore"
* "John Silver"
* "Green Eyes"
* "Dusk in Upper Sandusky"
* "I'm Stepping Out With A Memory Tonight"
* "Rubber Dolly"
* "Just For a Thrill"
* "So Rare"
The Fabulous Dorseys
* [http://bigband.libsyn.com Big Band Serenade]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=291 Jimmy Dorsey's Gravesite]
* Robert L. Stockdale, "Jimmy Dorsey: A Study In Contrasts", Lanham, MD, The Scarecrow Press, c1999 (ISBN 0810835363 )
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См. также в других словарях:
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