Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale

Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale

Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale (b. c1620 Lethington - d. 9 June 1691, Haltoun House), was the second son (The Great Seal of Scotland gives him as third son) of John Maitland, 1st Earl of Lauderdale (died 1645).

Following the death of his father-in-law, Richard Lauder of Haltoun, in November 1675, he formally adopted the territorial designation Charles Maitland of Haltoun, although he had the barony of Haltoun settled upon him in fee on 4 December 1660.

Shortly after the Restoration of King Charles II (4 December 1660), Charles Maitland was created sole Captain-General of The Mint for life, and appointed a Privy Counsellor 15 June 1661. He was elected one of the Commissioners for Edinburghshire and Lord of the Articles in the parliament of 1669. On the 1 (or 8) June 1670 he was admitted an Ordinary Lord and Senator of the College of Justice as Lord Haltoun. In February 1671, he succeeded Sir William Bellenden as Treasurer-Depute, and shortly afterwards, following the quarrel between the John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale and the Earl of Tweeddale, became his brother's chief assistant in the management of Scottish affairs.

By charter of novodamus of 1676, later ratified by the Scots Parliament, King Charles II granted Charles Maitland, Lord Haltoun, "the office of bearing our insignia within our said realm of Scotland". (But in 1952, the Lord Lyon decided that the Earl of Lauderdale's right was to bear the saltire as the Bearer of the National Flag of Scotland, whereas the Earl of Dundee as the Bearer of the Royal Banner bears the Royal Standard of the lion rampant).

In a paper presented by the Duke of Hamilton to King Charles II in 1679, he detailed the grievances under which Scotland then suffered and complained that Lord Haltoun was "overbearing and insolent in the extreme". Upon the fall of The Duke of Lauderdale, Lord Haltoun's enemies began to attack him. He was, in July 1681, accused before parliament of perjury, the prosecution only halted by the adjournment of parliament. In November that year, a letter was procured from the King whereby he was deprived of the honour of presiding in Council, which, in the absence of the Lord Chancellor and Lord Privy Seal, it appears he had formerly enjoyed, and, at the same time, the accounts of the Treasury were ordered to be investigated.

In June 1682, a Commission, chiefly composed of his enemies, was appointed to inquire into the coinage and Mint, and, upon their report, he was deprived of his offices, and the Lord Advocate ordered to proceed against him, either civilly or criminally, for malversation. The case was tried in the Court of Session, which, on the 20 March 1683, fined Sir John Falconer and him £72,000 sterling, a vast sum for the time. The King mitigated the penalty to £20,000 sterling, ordaining £16,000 to be paid to the Lord Chancellor, and £4000 of to Graham of Claverhouse. The latter two disputed as to the division of the spoil, but at length Claverhouse obtained the lands of Dudhope and the Constabulary of Dundee, which procured him, in the following reign, the more honourable title by which history knows him.

Lord Haltoun succeeded his brother as Earl of Lauderdale in 1683, and was readmitted a Privy Counsellor on the 11 March 1686.

Elizabeth Lauder, heiress of Haltoun

Charles Maitland married, on 18 November 1652, Elizabeth, younger daughter of Richard Lauder of Haltoun, (nr.Ratho), Sheriff Principal for Edinburgh, &c., the owner of Haltoun House and its lands, as well as extensive properties at Lauder, all of which passed to the Maitlands upon and after his marriage, Lauder's elder daughter having been provided with a money dowry. By a very extensive charter in The Great Seal of Scotland, confirmed at Whitehall, London, on 4 December 1660, Charles Maitland and his heirs male by his marriage were bound to "take the name of Lauder and bear the Arms of Lauder of Haltoun", which they failed to do.

The third Earl of Lauderdale left six sons and two daughters, his eldest son and heir being Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale. Of his daughters: Isobel married John, 8th Lord Elphinstone, and Mary married Charles Carnegie, 4th Earl of Southesk.


  • The Great Seal of Scotland, facsimile of the first printed version, Edinburgh, 1984.
  • Dalrymple, Sir David, Bt., An Historical Account of the Senators of the College of Justice of Scotland, re-edited & continued, Edinburgh, 1849, pps: 396-398.
  • Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, London, 1851, vol.2, pedigree LXXXIV.
  • Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St.Giles, Edinburgh, 1898.
  • Balfour Paul, Sir James, Lord Lyon King of Arms, editor, The Scots Peerage, Edinburgh, 1905, under 'Lauderdale'.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John Maitland
Earl of Lauderdale
Succeeded by
Richard Maitland

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • John Maitland, 5th Earl of Lauderdale — John Maitland (later Lauder), 5th Earl of Lauderdale, 1st Baronet, (1655 August 30, 1710, both at Haltoun House, nr.Ratho, Midlothian, Scotland), was the second son of Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale, and succeeded his elder brother… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale — (b. 20 June 1653, Haltoun House d. 1695, Paris, France), the eldest son of Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale and his spouse Elizabeth Lauder.Prior to his father succeeding to the Lauderdale title Richard Maitland was styled of Over Gogar …   Wikipedia

  • Ian Maitland, 15th Earl of Lauderdale — Ian Colin Maitland, 15th Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, Baronet of Nova Scotia (January 30, 1891 February 17, 1953), was a representative peer for Scotland in the House of Lords from 1931 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Maitland — may refer to: Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale (died 1691) Charles Maitland (MP) (c. 1704–1751), Scottish politician This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Lauderdale — Arms of the Earls of Lauderdale as shown in Brown s The Peerage of Scotland, 1834 Earl of Lauderdale is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1624 for John Maitland, 2nd Lord Maitland of Thirlestane, Berwickshire. The second Earl… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton — The Right Honourable The Earl of Middleton PC Secretary of State for Scotland In office 26 September 1682 – 1684 Serving with The Earl of Moray Monarch Charles II …   Wikipedia

  • John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale — John Maitland, 1st Duke and 2nd Earl of Lauderdale, 3rd Lord Thirlestane (May 24, 1616, Lethington, East Lothian 1682), was a Scottish politician, and leader within the Cabal Ministry.BackgroundHe was a member of an ancient family of both… …   Wikipedia

  • Richmond, Charles Lennox, 3rd duke of, 3rd duke of Lennox, duc d'Aubigny, earl of March, earl of Darnley, baron of Settrington, lord of Torboultoun — ▪ British politician [1735 1806] born February 22, 1735, London, England died December 29, 1806, Goodwood, Sussex       one of the most progressive British politicians of the 18th century, being chiefly known for his advanced views on… …   Universalium

  • Maitland Baronets — There have been three Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Maitland, two in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extant as of 2008 while the other is either dormant or …   Wikipedia

  • Maitland — This article is about the surname Maitland. For other uses, see Maitland (disambiguation). Maitland Family name Meaning The High and Mighty Region of origin England, Scotland Maitland is an English and Scottish surname. It arrived in Britain… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»