- Lawrence of Rome
Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church
Hispania(now modern-day Spain)
attributes=Usually holding a gridiron [The means of his martyrdom] and wearing a
dalmatic[Symbol of his status as a deacon]
Rome, Rotterdam, Birgu( Malta), Huesca( Spain), San Lawrenz ( Gozo), Canada, Sri Lanka, comedians, librarians, students, tanners, chefs [Owing to the method of his martyrdom, on a gridiron.]
Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Murain Rome
prayer=The fire within him enabled him to withstand the external fire.
Pope Leo I
The "Acts" of St Lawrence were lost by the time of Saint Augustine, one of whose sermons on Saint Lawrence ("Sermo 302, de Sancto Laurent.") admits that his narration was gained from tradition instead of reciting the Acts as was his preferred custom. [Saint Ambrose, "De officiis ministrorum," 1.41] Such early
legends made Lawrence a native of Huesca(Roman "Osca") in Hispania Tarraconensiswho had received religious instruction from Archdeacon Sixtus in Rome. When Sixtus became Bishop of Rome in 257, Lawrence was ordained a deacon and was placed in charge of the administration of Church goods and care for the poor. For this duty, he is regarded as one of the first archivists and treasurers of the Church and was made the patron of librarians.
In the persecutions under Valerian in 258, numerous
priests and bishops were put to death, while Christians belonging to the nobility or the Roman Senatewere deprived of their goods and exiled. Pope St Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being beheaded on August 6. A legend cited by St Ambroseof Milansays that Lawrence met the Pope on his way to his execution, where he is reported to have said, "Where are you going, my dear father, without your son? Where are you hurrying off to, holy priest, without your deacon? Before you never mounted the altar of sacrifice without your servant, and now you wish to do it without me?" The Pope is reported to have prophesied that "after three days you will follow me".
Lawrence is said to have been martyred on a gridiron. During his torture Lawrence cried out "This side’s done, turn me over and have a bite." ["Assum est, inquit, versa et manduca."] [Saint Ambrose, "De officiis ministrorum," 1.41.207]
Cyprian, the contemporary bishop of Carthage mentions the directive of Valerian that Christian bishops, presbyters, and deacons should forthwith be punished, and records the martyrdom of "Xystus bishop of Rome", in accordance with it on August 6 (Wace). [Cyprian, "Epistles" 80.1: "ad Successum"]
Lawrence and the Holy Chalice
According to lore, among the treasure of the Roman church entrusted to Lawrence for safe-keeping was the
Holy Chalice, the cup from which Jesus and the Apostles drank at the Last Supper. Lawrence was able to spirit this away to Huesca with a letter and a supposed inventory, where it lay hidden and unregarded for centuries. When Augustine connects Lawrence with a chalice, it is the chalice of the Mass::"For in that Church, you see, as you have regularly been told, he performed the office of deacon; it was there that he administered the sacred chalice of Christ’s blood"." [Saint Augustine, "Sermon on St. Lawrence"]
Christian mythology, the Holy Grailis a relic that was sent by St. Lawrence to his parents in Spain. He entrusted this sacred chalice to a friend whom he knew would travel back to Spain, his home country. While the Holy Chalice's exact journey through the centuries is disputed, it is generally accepted by Catholics that the Chalice was sent by his family to a monastery for preservation and veneration. Historical records indicate that this chalice has been venerated and preserved by a number of monks and monasteries through the ages. Today the Holy Grail is venerated in a special chapel in the Catholic Cathedral of Valencia, Spain, in the region of St Lawrence's birth and early life.
The jewels of St Lawrence
After the death of Sixtus, the prefect of Rome demanded that Lawrence turn over the riches of the Church. Ambrose is the earliest source for the tale that Lawrence asked for three days to gather together the wealth. [Saint Ambrose, "De officiis ministrorum," 2.28] Lawrence worked swiftly to distribute as much Church property to the poor as possible, so as to prevent its being seized by the prefect. On the third day, at the head of a small delegation, he presented himself to the prefect, and when ordered to give up the treasures of the Church, he presented the poor, the crippled, the blind and the suffering, and said that these were the true treasures of the Church. One account records him declaring to the prefect, "The Church is truly rich, far richer than your emperor." This act of defiance led directly to his martyrdom. This can be compared to the parallel Roman tale of the jewels of Cornelia.
By tradition, Lawrence was sentenced at
San Lorenzo in Miranda, martyred at San Lorenzo in Panisperna, and buried in the Via Tiburtina in the Catacomb of Cyriaca by Hippolytus and Justinus, a presbyter. Tradition holds that Lawrence was burned or "grilled" to death, hence his association with the gridiron. One of the early sources for the martyrdom of Saint Lawrence was the description by Aurelius Prudentius Clemens in his "Peristephanon", Hymn II.
Constantine I is said to have built a small oratory in honour of the martyr, which was a station on the itineraries of the graves of the Roman martyrs by the 7th century.
Pope Damasus Irebuilt or repaired the church, now known as San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, while the minor basilica of San Lorenzo in Panispernawas built over the place of his martyrdom. The gridiron of the martyrdom was placed by Pope Paschal IIin the church of San Lorenzo in Lucina.
St Lawrence is one of the most widely venerated saints of the
Roman Catholic Church. Lawrence is also venerated in the Anglo-Catholic tradition; a major church in the City of Sydney, Australia, situated in the civil (land division) parish of St Lawrence adopted St Lawrence as patron notwithstanding its primary dedication as 'Christ Church', and there was an Anglican order in Melbourne Victoria Australia, the order does not exist as such anymore but they founded the organisation known as the Brotherhood of St Laurence that still bears this name. Devotion to him was widespread by the 4th century. As his martyrdom occurred very early in Church history, many other Christians honor him as well.
St Lawrence is especially honored in the city of Rome, where he is one of the city's patrons. There are several churches in Rome dedicated to him, including San Lorenzo in Panisperma, traditionally identified as the place of his execution. He is invoked by librarians, cooks, and tanners as their patron. His celebration on
10 Augusthas the rank of feast throughout the entire Catholic world. [From the oldest Christian calendars, such as the Almanac of Philocalusfor the year 354, the inventory of which contains the principal feasts of the Roman martyrs of the middle of the fourth century AD, onwards.] On this day, the reliquary containing his burnt head is displayed in the Vatican for veneration.
EscorialPalace, situated at the foot of Mt. Abantos in the Sierra de Guadarrama, was built by King Philip II of Spainto commemorate the victory of Spanish forces over those of King Henry II of Franceat the Battle of St Quentin, which took place on the feast of St Lawrence on 10 August 1557. To honor the martyr, the entire floor plan of this imposing edifice was laid out in the form of a gridiron, the means by which St Lawrence was martyred.
St Lawrence is also the
patron saintof the monks of Ampleforth College
The Divine Office accords this special prayer to him on his feast day (from the translation in "Christian Prayer"):
"Father,you called Saint Lawrence to serve you by loveand crowned his life with glorious martyrdom.Help us to be like himin loving you and doing your work.Grant this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
Saint Lawrence is referenced in
Giovanni Boccaccio's " Decameron" in tale 6.10, where the veneration of the saint is used by a friarto escape an embarrassing situation. [See Summary of Decameron tales]
*San Lorenzo del Escorial, the monastery built by Philip II to commemorate his victory at St. Quentin on the feast day of St. Lawrence. The monastery (and the attached palace, college, library, etc.) are laid out in a grid resembling a grill with a handle.
Saint-Laurent, French for Saint Lawrence
San Lorenzo, Italian and Spanish for Saint Lawrence
Saint Lawrence Academy, Santa Clara, CA, U.S.A.
Saint Lawrence River
*St. Lawrence neighbourhood, Toronto, Canada
St. Lawrence Market
St. Lawrence University
St. Lawrence College
List of saints
Lorcan Ua Tuathail
South WestonChurch of St Lawrence
SurfleetSt Laurence's Church
West WycombeChurch of St. Lawrence
* [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/wace/biodict.html?term=Laurentius%20(36) Henry Wace, "A Dictionary of Christian Biography"] : Laurentius
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09089a.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia"] Saint Lawrence
* [http://www.aug.edu/augusta/iconography/goldenLegend/lawrence.htm "Golden Legend":] "The Life of Saint Laurence"
* [http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/360385.htm Leo I: Sermon on St Lawrence]
* [http://www.slocc.com "Orthodox Christianity"] Church of Saint Lawrence
* [http://www.orderofmalta-malta.org/panoramas/stlawrencechurch/start.htm ] Church of Saint Lawrence, Birgu, Malta
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lawrence — may refer to:GeographyCommunitiesIn Australia: *Lawrence, New South WalesIn New Zealand: * Lawrence, New ZealandIn the United States: * Lawrence, Indiana * Lawrence, Kansas (the most populous Lawrence) * Lawrence, Massachusetts * Lawrence,… … Wikipedia
Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome Rome † … Catholic encyclopedia
Lawrence Alma-Tadema — Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema (Dronrijp, 8 de enero de 1836 Wiesbaden, 25 de junio de 1912) fue un pintor neerlandés neoclasicista de la época victoriana, conocido por sus suntuosos cuadros inspirados en el mundo antiguo. Contenido 1 Vida … Wikipedia Español
Lawrence of Aquilegia — (Lorenzo di Aquileia) was a thirteenth century Italian canon and teacher. He is best known for his treatises on the ars dictaminis the medieval art of letter writing. Lawrence’s major works found inspiration in Ciceronian rhetoric but introduced… … Wikipedia
Lawrence Dallaglio — Full name Lorenzo Bruno Nero Dallaglio Date of birth August 10, 1972 (1972 08 10) (age 39) … Wikipedia
Rome Township — may refer to:* Rome Township, Jefferson County, Illinois * Rome Township, Jones County, Iowa * Rome Township, Lenawee County, Michigan * Rome Township, Faribault County, Minnesota * Rome Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio * Rome Township, Athens… … Wikipedia
Rome Township — ist der Name mehrerer Townships in den Vereinigten Staaten: Rome Township (Illinois) Rome Township (Iowa) Rome Township (Michigan) Rome Township (Minnesota) Rome Township (Ashtabula County, Ohio) Rome Township (Athens County, Ohio) Rome Township… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lawrence Ferlinghetti — (né le 24 mars 1919) est un poète américain, plus connu sous les auspices du co propriétaire de la librairie City Lights Books, et d une maison d édition du même nom qui a fait paraître les travaux littéraires des poètes de la Beat… … Wikipédia en Français
Lawrence Schiffman — Lawrence H. Schiffman (b. 1948) is Chair of New York University’s Skirball Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies and serves as the Ethel and Irvin A. Edelman Professor in Hebrew and Judaic Studies at New York University (NYU). He is a member of … Wikipedia
Lawrence Arthur Faunt — Lawrence Arthur Faunt † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lawrence Arthur Faunt A Jesuit theologian, b. 1554, d. at Wilna, Poland, 28 February, 1590 91. After two years at Merton College, Oxford (1568 70) under the tuition of John Potts, a well … Catholic encyclopedia