- Kiddush Hashem
"Kiddush hashem" (, and conversely not to bring dishonor or shame to God’s name which is known as
Chillul Hashem: “Not to profaneHis Name” .
Thus any action by a Jew that brings honor, respect, and glory to God is considered to be a "Kiddush Hashem", whereas any behavior or action that disgraces, harms or shames God and his Torah is regarded as a "Chillul Hashem" which means a “desecration of God.”
The ultimate act of "Kiddush Hashem" is when a Jew is prepared to sacrifice his life rather than transgress any of God’s three cardinal sins: Serving idols (belief in another religion), committing certain sexual acts (such as incest or adultery), or committing murder.
Jews who were victims of the Spanish Inquisitionwho were either executed or exiled from Spainand Portugalbecause they did not renounce their religion and belief in God as taught by Judaism are called "Kedoshim" (“holy ones”) because they are regarded as having fulfilled the mitzvah(“commandment”) of "Kiddush Hashem".
Another way to be categorized "Kedoshim", is if someone is killed for the simple reason of being Jewish, even if not given the opportunity to convert, or otherwise disassociate with the Jewish fate. Thus, the six million Jews who were murdered during
the Holocaustonly because they were Jews, are considered "Kedoshim".
Self-sacrifice under Jewish Law
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Kiddush hashem — Kiddoush Hashem Religion Religions abrahamiques : Judaïsme Christianisme Islam … Wikipédia en Français
kiddush hashem — həˈshām noun Etymology: Hebrew qiddūsh hashshēm sanctification of the name (of God) : a religious or moral act according to Jewish religion that causes others to reverence God : religious martyrdom compare hillul hashem … Useful english dictionary
KIDDUSH HA-SHEM AND ḤILLUL HA-SHEM — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ הַשֵּׁם וְחִלּוּל הַשֵּׁם). The antithetical terms kiddush ha Shem ( sanctification of the (Divine) Name ) and ḥillul ha Shem ( defamation of the (Divine) Name ) are complementary antonyms and denote the two aspects of one of the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Chillul Hashem — Desecration of the Name (Hebrew: חילול השם khillul ha shem,) meaning desecration of the names of God in Judaism, is a term used in Judaism particularly for any act or behavior that casts shame or brings disrepute to belief in God, any aspect of… … Wikipedia
hillul hashem — ḵə̇|lülhəˈshām noun ( s) Etymology: Hebrew ḥillūl hashshēm desecration of the name (of God) : an act in contravention of Jewish religious or ethical principles that is regarded as an offense to God compare kiddush hashem … Useful english dictionary
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