Anna Pavlovna of Russia

Anna Pavlovna of Russia

Infobox Dutch Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Anna Pavlovna of Russia
title =Queen consort of the Netherlands

caption =Portrait by Jan Baptist van der Hulst, 1837
reign =7 October 1840 - 7 March 1849
spouse =William II
issue =William III
Prince Alexander
Prince Henry
Prince Ernest Casimir
Princess Sophie
royal house =House of Orange-Nassau
House of Romanov
father =Paul I of Russia
mother =Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
date of birth =birth date|1795|01|18
place of birth =flagicon|Russian Empire Saint Petersburg
date of death =death date and age|1865|3|1|1795|01|18
place of death =flagicon|Netherlands The Hague
place of burial =Nieuwe Kerk, Delft|

Anna Pavlovna of Russia ( _ru. Анна Павловна; 18 January 1795 - 1 March 1865) was Queen of the Netherlands.

She was born as the eighth child and sixth daughter of Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna (born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), and thus was "Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia". In the Netherlands, due to 19th century Dutch transliteration conventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna.

She was a younger sister to Alexander I of Russia; Constantine Pavlovich, Viceroy of Poland; Alexandra Pavlovna, Archduchess of Austria; Elena Pavlovna, Hereditary Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; Catherine Pavlovna, Queen of Württemberg; and Olga Pavlovna, who died as a child. She was also an older sister to Nicholas I of Russia and Michael Pavlovich. At one time, Emperor Napoleon I of France had asked for her hand in marriage and been refused.

On 21 February 1816 at the Chapel of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, she married Prince William of Orange, later King William II of the Netherlands. On 7 October 1840, on the abdication of her father-in-law, William I of the Netherlands, she became Queen Consort of the Netherlands. She was the mother of the later King William III.

The municipality Anna Paulowna in the Dutch province of Noord Holland is named for her, as is the genus of trees "Paulownia".


Anna and William II of the Netherlands had five children:

* William III of the Netherlands (1817 - 1890). Married firstly Sophie of Württemberg and secondly Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
* William Alexander "Sascha" (1818-1848).
* William Frederick "Henry" "the Navigator" (1820-1879). Married firstly Princess Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and secondly Princess Marie of Prussia, but had no issue.
* William Alexander Frederick "Ernst Casimir" (1822).
* Wilhelmina Marie "Sophie" Louise (1824-1897). Married Karl Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.


* Her Imperial Highness The Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia (1795-1816)
* Her Royal Highness The Princess of Orange (1816-1840)
* Her Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands (1840-1849)
* Her Majesty The Queen Mother of the Netherlands (1849-1865)


-s-ttl|title=Queen Consort of the Netherlands

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