- Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Infobox Dutch Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Anna Pavlovna of Russia
title =Queen consort of the Netherlands
caption =Portrait by
Jan Baptist van der Hulst, 1837
reign =7 October 1840 - 7 March 1849
spouse =William II
issue =William III
Prince Ernest Casimir
royal house =
House of Orange-Nassau
House of Romanov
Paul I of Russia
Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
date of birth =birth date|1795|01|18
place of birth =flagicon|Russian Empire
date of death =death date and age|1865|3|1|1795|01|18
place of death =flagicon|Netherlands
place of burial =Nieuwe Kerk,
Anna Pavlovna of Russia ( _ru. Анна Павловна; 18 January 1795 - 1 March 1865) was Queen of the Netherlands.
She was born as the eighth child and sixth daughter of
Paul I of Russiaand Empress Maria Feodorovna (born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), and thus was "Her Imperial HighnessGrand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia". In the Netherlands, due to 19th century Dutch transliterationconventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna.
She was a younger sister to
Alexander I of Russia; Constantine Pavlovich, Viceroy of Poland; Alexandra Pavlovna, Archduchess of Austria; Elena Pavlovna, Hereditary Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; Catherine Pavlovna, Queen of Württemberg; and Olga Pavlovna, who died as a child. She was also an older sister to Nicholas I of Russiaand Michael Pavlovich. At one time, Emperor Napoleon I of Francehad asked for her hand in marriage and been refused.
On 21 February 1816 at the Chapel of the
Winter Palacein Saint Petersburg, she married Prince William of Orange, later King William II of the Netherlands. On 7 October 1840, on the abdication of her father-in-law, William I of the Netherlands, she became Queen Consortof the Netherlands. She was the mother of the later King William III.
Anna Paulownain the Dutch province of Noord Hollandis named for her, as is the genusof trees " Paulownia".
Anna and William II of the Netherlands had five children:
William III of the Netherlands(1817 - 1890). Married firstly Sophie of Württembergand secondly Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
* William Alexander "Sascha" (1818-1848).
* William Frederick "Henry" "the Navigator" (1820-1879). Married firstly Princess Amalia of
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenachand secondly Princess Marie of Prussia, but had no issue.
* William Alexander Frederick "Ernst Casimir" (1822).
* Wilhelmina Marie "Sophie" Louise (1824-1897). Married Karl Alexander, Grand Duke of
* Her Imperial Highness The
Grand DuchessAnna Pavlovna of Russia(1795-1816)
* Her Royal Highness The Princess of Orange (1816-1840)
* Her Majesty The
Queenof the Netherlands(1840-1849)
* Her Majesty The
Queen Motherof the Netherlands(1849-1865)
Queen Consortof the Netherlands
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