Butyraldehyde


Butyraldehyde

Chembox new
| Reference= ["Merck Index", 11th Edition, 1591]
ImageFile=Butanal-skeletal.png ImageSize = 150px
ImageFile1 = Butyraldehyde_flat_structure.png ImageName1 = Flat structure
ImageSize1 = 150px
CommonName=butyraldehyde
IUPACName=butyraldehyde
SystematicName=butanal
Formula=C4H8O
MolarMass=72.11 g/mol
CASNo=123-72-8
ChemSpiderID = 256
Density=0.8 g/ml
MeltingPt=−99 °C
BoilingPt=74.8 °C
Solubility=7 g/100 ml
Solvent=Water
SMILES=CCCC=O
ChemSpiderID=256
Section1=Chembox Hazards
EUClass=Flammable (F)
EUIndex=605-006-00-2
NFPA-H=3
NFPA-F=3
NFPA-R=0
RPhrases=R11
SPhrases=S2, S9, S29, S33
FlashPt=−7 °C
Autoignition=230 °C
ExploLimits=2.5–12.5%

Section2=Chembox Related
OtherFunctn=Propionaldehyde Pentanal
Function=aldehyde
OtherCpds=Butan-1-ol
Butyric acid

Butyraldehyde, also known as butanal, is an organic compound that is the aldehyde analog of butane as well as an isomer of butanone. It is a colorless flammable liquid with an acrid smell. It is miscible with most organic solvents.

It can be produced by catalytic dehydrogenation of "n"-butanol, catalytic hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde, or via the hydroformylation of propylene.

Upon exposure to air, it is oxidized to form butyric acid.

References

External links

*ICSC|0403|04
*ecb


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • butyraldéhyde — ● butyraldéhyde nom masculin Aldéhyde dérivé du butane. (C est un intermédiaire industriel important menant à l éthylhexanol.) ● butyraldéhyde (synonymes) nom masculin Aldéhyde dérivé du butane. Synonymes : aldéhyde butyrique butanal …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • butyraldehyde — [byo͞ot΄ər al′də hīd΄] n. [< L butyrum, BUTTER + ALDEHYDE] a clear liquid, CH3 (CH2) 2CHO, with a characteristic aldehyde odor, used in making solvents, synthetic resins, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Butyraldehyde — Butyr|aldehyde,   die von den Butanen abgeleiteten Aldehyde; sie treten in zwei Strukturisomeren, als n Butyraldehyd (Butanal) und Isobutyraldehyd (2 Methylpropionaldehyd), auf. Beide Butyraldehyde sind farblose, stechend riechende und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • butyraldehyde — butiraldehidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₃CHO atitikmenys: angl. butyraldehyde rus. масляный альдегид ryšiai: sinonimas – sviesto aldehidas sinonimas – butanalis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • butyraldehyde — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1885 either of two aldehydes C4H8O used especially in making synthetic resins …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • butyraldehyde — /byooh teuh ral deuh huyd /, n. Chem. a clear, colorless, flammable liquid, C4H8O, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of resins and rubber cement. Also called butyl aldehyde. [1885 90; BUTYR(IC) + ALDEHYDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • butyraldehyde — noun The aliphatic aldehyde CH CH CH CHO derived from butane …   Wiktionary

  • butyraldehyde — n. flammable chemical compound used in the manufacture of resins and rubber cement …   English contemporary dictionary

  • butyraldehyde — bu·tyr·aldehyde …   English syllables

  • butyraldehyde — bu•tyr•al•de•hyde [[t]ˌbyu təˈræl dəˌhaɪd[/t]] n. chem. a clear flammable liquid, C4H8O, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of resins and rubber cement • Etymology: 1885–90; butyr ( ic) +aldehyde …   From formal English to slang