- Congo-Ocean Railway
The Congo-Ocean Railway (COR, or CFCO) links the Atlantic port of
Pointe-Noire(now in the Republic of Congo) with Brazzaville, a distance of 502 kilometres. It bypasses the rapids on the lower Congo River; from Brazzavilleriver boats are able to ascend the Congo Riverand its major tributaries, including the Oubangui Riverto Bangui.
The railway was constructed, starting in 1921, using
forced labour, by the French colonial administration between 1924 and 1934, at a heavy cost in human lives. It has been estimated that 17000 of the construction workers, who were mainly recruited from what is now southern Chadand the Central African Republic, died during the construction of the railway. Other estimates were higher.
In 1962, a branch was constructed to
Mbindanear the border with Gabon, to connect with the COMILOG Cablewayand thus carry manganeseore to Pointe-Noire. The Cableway closed in 1986 when neighbouring Gabonbuilt its own railway to haul this traffic. The branch line remains active nonetheless.
The Congo-Ocean Railway was a user of the
Golwé locomotive. Motive power is now provided by diesel locomotives.
From the start of the civil war in 1997, the line was closed for six years. In 2007 the
BBCreported it to be in a "decrepit state with the majority of trains now broken". UNICEForganised a train in August 2007 to distribute malarianets vital in the prevention of the disease. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/07/africa_malaria_train/html/1.stm"In pictures: Malaria train." "BBC News website"] , retrieved August 2007.]
In 2007, a Korean led consortium
CMKC Groupsigned a deal to build railway extensions to Ouessaand Djambalamainly for timber traffic. [ [http://www.korea.net/News/News/LangView.asp?serial_no=20070820016&lang_no=1&part=103&SearchDay= Consortium] ]
Matadi-Kinshasa Railwayin the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
* Albert Londres, "Terre d'Ébène" (1929)
* André Gide, "Voyage au Congo" (1926)
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Congo–Ocean Railway — The Congo–Ocean Railway (COR; French: Chemin de fer Congo Océan, CFCO) links the Atlantic port of Pointe Noire (now in the Republic of Congo) with Brazzaville, a distance of 502 kilometres. It bypasses the rapids on the lower Congo River; from… … Wikipedia
Chemin de fer Congo-Océan — Die Kongo Ozean Bahn (CFCO, von französisch: Chemin de fer Congo Océan) ist eine 510 km lange Eisenbahn in der Republik Kongo, welche den Hafen von Pointe Noire am Atlantischen Ozean mit Brazzaville am Kongo verbindet … Deutsch Wikipedia
congo — /kong goh/, n. congou. * * * Congo Congo:Geography Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon Map references: Africa Area: total area: 342,000 sq km land area: 341,500 sq km comparative area: slightly… … Universalium
Congo — /kong goh/, n. 1. People s Republic of the, a republic in central Africa, W of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly an overseas territory in French Equatorial Africa; now an independent member of the French Community. 2,583,198; 132,046 … Universalium
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Congo, Republic of the — known as Congo (Brazzaville) formerly Middle Congo Republic, west central Africa. Area: 132,047 sq mi (342,000 sq km). Population (2002 est.): 2,899,000. Capital: Brazzaville. Nearly half of the population belongs to one of the Kongo tribes. The… … Universalium
Congo River — or Zaire River River, west central Africa. Rising in Zambia as the Chambeshi and flowing 2,900 mi (4,700 km) through the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the Atlantic Ocean, it is the second longest river in Africa. It flows through three… … Universalium
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