- Princess Mary of Great Britain
Princess Mary Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel by Johann Heinrich Tischbein Tenure 1 February 1760 – 14 January 1772 Spouse Frederick II Issue Prince William
William I, Elector of Hesse
House House of Hesse-Kassel
House of Hanover
Father George II of Great Britain Mother Caroline of Ansbach Born 5 March 1723New Style)(
Leicester House, Westminster, London, England, Kingdom of Great Britain
Died 14 January 1772(aged 48)
Burial 1 February 1772
Princess Mary was born at Leicester House, Westminster, London. Her father was the Prince of Wales, later King George II. Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
Her father succeeded, as George II, on 11 June 1727, and she became HRH The Princess Mary.
They married by proxy at the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace in London on 8 May, then in person on 28 June 1740 at Kassel. The marriage was unhappy, and Frederick was said to be "brutal" and "a boor". In late 1746, Mary made an extended trip to Britain to escape his maltreatment. The couple separated in 1754 on Frederick's conversion to Roman Catholicism. They had four sons, three of whom survived to adulthood. In 1756, Mary moved to Denmark, to take care of the children of her sister, Louise of Great Britain, who had died in 1751. She took her children with her; they were raised at the royal court and her sons were married to Danish princesses. Her husband succeeded his father as Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in 1760, and so Mary was technically Landgravine consort for the last twelve years of her life, despite her estrangement from her husband.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 5 March 1723 – 11 June 1727: Her Royal Highness Princess Mary
- 11 June 1727 – 8 May 1740: Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary
- 8 May 1740 – 25 March 1751: Her Royal Highness Princess Frederick of Hesse-Kassel
- 25 March 1751 - 1 February 1760: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel
- 1 February 1760 – 14 January 1772: Her Royal Highness The Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
On 30 August 1727, as a child of the sovereign, Mary was granted use of the arms of the realm, differenced by a label argent of three points, each bearing a canton gules.
Name Birth Death Notes Prince William of Hesse-Kassel 1741 1742 died in infancy William I, Elector of Hesse 1743 1821 married, 1763, Caroline of Denmark; had issue Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel 1744 1836 married, 1766, Louise of Denmark; had issue Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel 1747 1837 married, 1786, Caroline of Nassau-Usingen; had issue
Ancestors of Princess Mary of Great Britain 16. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 8. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover 17. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt 4. George I of Great Britain 18. Frederick V, Elector Palatine 9. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine 19. Elizabeth of Scotland 2. George II of Great Britain 20. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 16) 10. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 21. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 17) 5. Sophia Dorothea of Celle 22. Alexander II d'Olbreuse 11. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse 23. Jacquette Poussard de Vendre 1. Princess Mary of Great Britain 24. Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach 12. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach 25. Countess Sophie of Solms-Laubach 6. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach 26. Joachim Ernest, Count of Oettingen 13. Princess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen 27. Countess Anna Sibylle of Solms-Sonnenwald 3. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach 28. William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar 14. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach 29. Princess Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau 7. Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach 30. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein 15. Princess Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein 31. Countess Luise Juliane of Erbach
- ^ The Peerage – Landgrave William VIII
- ^ a b c d Weir, Alison (2008). Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. London: Vintage Books. p. 284. ISBN 9780099539735.
- ^ a b c Williamson, David (2004). "Mary, Princess (1723–1772)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18253. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18253. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- ^ The London Gazette refers to her as "Princess Mary"
- ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family
Princess Mary of Great BritainCadet branch of the House of WelfBorn: 5 March 1723 Died: 14 January 1772
- Weir, Alison (2008). Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. London: Vintage Books. ISBN 9780099539735.
- Williamson, David (2004). "Mary, Princess (1723–1772)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18253. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18253. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
German royalty VacantTitle last held byUlrika Eleonora of Sweden Landgravine consort of Hesse-Kassel
1 February 1760 – 14 January 1772
VacantTitle next held byPhilippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt British princessesThe generations indicate descent from George I, who formalised the use of the titles prince and princess for members of the British Royal Family. Where a princess may have been or is descended from George I more than once, her most senior descent, by which she bore or bears her title, is used. 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation
- Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife
- Princess Victoria
- Maud, Queen of Norway
- Marie, Queen of Romania
- Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess of Hesse
- Alexandra, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
- Beatrice, Duchess of Galliera
- Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden
- Patricia of Connaught
- Alice, Countess of Athlone
- Marie Louise, Princess Maximilian of Baden
- Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- Olga of Hanover
8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation
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