- Red clump
The red clump is a feature in the
Hertzsprung-Russell diagramof stars. The red clump is considered the metal-rich counterpart to the horizontal branch. It corresponds to stars more luminous than main sequencestars of the same surface temperature (or colder than main sequence stars of comparable luminosity), or above and to the right of the main sequence on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. This period in a star's evolution corresponds to the core helium-burning phase, whereas the main sequence is the core hydrogen-burning phase.
In theory, the absolute luminosities of stars in the red clump are fairly independent of stellar composition or age so that consequently they make good
standard candles for estimating astronomical distances both within our galaxy and to nearby galaxies and clusters.
Asymptotic giant branch
* [http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/~kstanek/RedClump/ Krzystof Stanek's page on red clumps used for distance measurement]
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