Taurica ( _el. Ταυρίς, Ταυρίδα, _la. Taurica) also known as "Tauris", "Taurida", "Tauric Chersonese", and "Chersonesus Taurica" was the name of
Etymology of the name
Greeksnamed the region after its inhabitants, the Tauri. As the Tauri inhabited only mountainous regions of southern Crimea at first the name Tauris was used only to this southern part, but later it was extended to name the whole peninsula.Sometimes Taurica is referred to as "Tauric Chersonese" or "Chersonesus Taurica". This name is Greek for the "Tauric peninsula" ("Chersonese" literally means "peninsula"). This variant of the name should not be confused with the city of Chersonesos. /chersonesus mean ~cserzett=tawny or chornij=black too./
Legends about Tauris
According to Greek
legends, Tauris is the place to which Iphigeneiawas sent after the goddess Artemisrescued her from the human sacrifice her father was about to perform. The goddess swept the young princess off to Tauris where she became a priestess at her temple. Here, she was forced by the Taurian king Thoas to perform human sacrifices on any foreigners who came ashore. "See the plot of Iphigeneia in Taurisfor more details."
Taurica was inhabited by a variety of peoples. The inland regions were inhabited by
Scythiansand the mountainous south coast by the Taures, an offshoot of the Cimmerians. Greek settlers inhabited a number of colonies along the coast of the peninsula, notably the city of Chersonesosnear modern Sevastopol.
In the 2nd century BCE the eastern part of Taurica became part of the
Bosporan Kingdom, before being incorporated into the Roman Empirein the 1st century BC.
The land of Tauris and its rumored customs of killing Greeks are also described by
Herodotusin his histories, Book IV, 99-100 and 103.
De Facto Roman Province
Charax, Crimea".During the first, second, and third centuries CE, Taurica was host to Roman legions and colonists in Charax, Crimea. The Charax colony was founded under Vespasianwith the intention of protecting Chersonesosand other Bosporean trade emporiums from the Scythians. The Roman colony was protected by a vexillatioof the Legio I Italica; it also hosted a detachment of the Legio XI Claudiaat the end of the 2nd century. The camp was abandoned by the Romans in the mid-3rd century. This de facto province would have been controlled by the legatusof one of the Legions stationed in Charax.
After the annexation of Crimea in 1783 the newly-installed Russian authorities made an attempt to revive the ancient name, and the former lands of the Crimean Khanate were organized into the
Taurida Governorate. But this name was used only in the official documents and "Crimea" remained a common name for the country.
Following the 1917
October Revolution, the Taurida Governorate was briefly reformed as the "Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic" (Russian: Советская Социалистическая Республика Тавриды - "Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika Tavridy") in early 1918 before being overrun by the World War I Central Powers. After the reassertion of Soviet control in 1921, the governorate was divided between the peninsular Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republicunder the Russian SFSRand the mainland portions which were incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR.
Taurida Governoratefor more details."
Modern use of the name
Since 1921 the name Taurida has no official status in Crimea and is used almost only in historical context. However, some institutions of the republic still use it, e.g. Taurida National University (the main university in Crimea).
Colonies in antiquity
Turan, mythical ethnological homeland of the Turkic peoplesand their descendants, like the Turks of modern Turkey.
*ru icon [http://archeologia.narod.ru/krimxarax.htm The Roman site at Charax]
* [http://www.ukraine.com/sights/charax/ Lost Roman City]
* [http://www.iskenderiye.com/wp_encyclopedia/?p=296 Roman Ukraine]
* [http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?AddButton=pages%5CC%5CH%5CChersoneseTaurica.htm Taurica]
* [http://www.icehouse.net/debbie/html/history.html Taurica History]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Táurica — El «Quersoneso Táurico» de la Antigüedad clásica, en un mapa impreso en Londres, c. 1770. Táurica (griego: Ταυρις, Ταυριδα; latín: Taurica), también llamada Tauris, Táuride o Quersoneso Táurico … Wikipedia Español
Taurica — Turin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Turin (homonymie). Turin Vue du Monte dei Cappuccini … Wikipédia en Français
taurica — L. ica, belonging to. See tauricola … Etymological dictionary of grasses
TAURICA Sacra — memorata Prudentio, contra Symm. l. 1. tit. in Spectac. v. 396. In cassum arguere iam Taurica sacra solemus: videntur Taurobolia, de quibus infra, innuere vel saltem complecti; licet a variis viris doctis sumantur illic, pro tauris Plutoni… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
TAURICA Chersonesus — Ptol. Scythica Straboni, Peninsula Taurorum Plin. l. 4. c. 12. Chersonesus Pontica Appiano, vulgo tartaria minore Europaeis et Italis, Gazaria aliis, et incolis Precopska, peninsula Europae Peloponneso aequalis, secundum Strabonem, cuius fines… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Taurĭca dea — Taurĭca dea, so v.w. Artemis, s.d … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Leveillula taurica — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Leotiomycetes … Wikipedia
Podarcis taurica — Taurische Eidechse Systematik Unterordnung: Echsen (Lacertilia) Teilordnung: Skinkartige (Scincomorpha) Familie: Echte Eidechsen (Lacertidae) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cobitis taurica — Cobitis taurica Clasificación científica Reino … Wikipedia Español
Chersonesus Taurica — Χερσόνησος St Vladimir s Cathedral overlooks the extensive excavations of Chersonesus. Alternate name Корсунь Location Gagarin Raion, Sevastopol … Wikipedia