- Wilhelm Eduard Weber
name = Wilhelm Weber
caption = Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891)
birth_date = birth date|1804|10|24|mf=y
death_date = death date and age|1891|6|23|1804|10|24|mf=y
nationality = flag|German Empire
University of Göttingen
University of Halle
Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger
known_for = Work on
footnotes = He is the brother of
Ernst Heinrich Weberand Eduard Weber.
Wilhelm Eduard Weber (
October 24, 1804– June 23, 1891) was a German physicist.
He was born in
Wittenberg, where his father, Michael Weber, was professor of theology. William was the second of three brothers, all of whom were distinguished by an aptitude for the study of science. After the dissolution of the University of Wittenberghis father was transferred to Halle in 1815. William had received his first lessons from his father, but was now sent to the Orphan Asylum and Grammar School at Halle. After that he entered the University, and devoted himself to natural philosophy. He distinguished himself so much in his classes, and by original work, that after taking his degree of Doctor and becoming a " Privatdozent" he was appointed Professor Extraordinary of natural philosophy at Halle.
In 1831, on the recommendation of
Carl Friedrich Gauss, he was called to Göttingenas professor of physics, although but twenty-seven years of age. Hislectures were interesting, instructive, and suggestive. Weber thought that, in order to thoroughly understand physics and apply it to daily life, mere lectures, though illustrated by experiments, were insufficient, and he encouraged his students to experiment themselves, free of charge, in the college laboratory. As a student of twenty years he, with his brother, Ernst Heinrich Weber, Professor of Anatomy at Leipzig, had written a book on the "Wave Theory and Fluidity," which brought its authors a considerable reputation. Acoustics was a favourite science of his, and he published numerous papers upon it in "Poggendorffs Annalen," Schweigger's "Jahrbücher für Chemie und Physik," and the musical journal "Carcilia." The 'mechanism of walking in mankind' was another study, undertaken in conjunction with his younger brother, Eduard Weber. These important investigations were published between the years 1825 and 1838. Gauss and Weber constructed the first electromagnetic telegraphin 1833, which connected the observatory with the institute for physics in Göttingen.
Displaced by the Hanoverian Government for his liberal opinions in politics, Weber travelled for a time, visiting England, among other countries, and became professor of physics in Leipzig from 1843 to 1849, when he was reinstalled at Göttingen. One of his most important works was the "Atlas des Erdmagnetismus" ("atlas of geomagnetism"), a series of magnetic maps, and it was chiefly through his efforts that magnetic observatories were instituted. He studied magnetism with Gauss, and in 1864 published his "Electrodynamic Proportional Measures" containing a system of absolute measurements for electric currents, which forms the basis of those in use. Weber died in
Göttingen, where he is buried in the same cemetery as Max Planckand Max Born.
SIunit of magnetic flux, the weber (symbol: Wb) is named after him.
* - obituary
* - Telegraph of Weber and Gauss (with pictures)
* [http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/people/data?id=per155 Biography and bibliography] in the
Virtual Laboratoryof the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
NAME= Weber, Wilhelm
DATE OF BIRTH=
October 24, 1804
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
June 23, 1891
PLACE OF DEATH=
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Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Lithographie von Rudolf Hoffmann 1856 Wilhelm Eduard Weber (* 24. Oktober 1804 in Wittenberg; † 23. Juni 1891 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Physiker. Die SI Einheit „Weber“ (abgekürzt Wb) de … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Wilhelm Eduard Weber — noun German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804 1891) • Syn: ↑Weber • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist … Useful english dictionary
Weber , Wilhelm Eduard — (1804–1891) German physicist Weber was the son of a professor of divinity and brother of the noted scientists Ernst Heinrich Weber and Eduard Friedrich Weber, both of whom worked in anatomy and physiology. He was born in Wittenberg in Germany and … Scientists
Weber, Wilhelm Eduard — ▪ German physicist born Oct. 24, 1804, Wittenberg, Ger. died June 23, 1891, Göttingen German physicist who, with his friend Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauss, Carl Friedrich), investigated terrestrial magnetism and in 1833 devised an… … Universalium
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