Wilhelm Eduard Weber

Wilhelm Eduard Weber

name = Wilhelm Weber

caption = Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891)
birth_date = birth date|1804|10|24|mf=y
birth_place = Wittenberg, Germany
death_date = death date and age|1891|6|23|1804|10|24|mf=y
death_place = Göttingen, Germany
nationality = flag|German Empire
field = Physicist
work_institution = University of Göttingen
alma_mater = University of Halle
doctoral_advisor = Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger
doctoral_students= Ernst Abbe
Friedrich Kohlrausch
known_for = Work on magnetism
prizes =
religion =
footnotes = He is the brother of Ernst Heinrich Weber and Eduard Weber.

Wilhelm Eduard Weber (October 24, 1804 – June 23, 1891) was a German physicist.

He was born in Wittenberg, where his father, Michael Weber, was professor of theology. William was the second of three brothers, all of whom were distinguished by an aptitude for the study of science. After the dissolution of the University of Wittenberg his father was transferred to Halle in 1815. William had received his first lessons from his father, but was now sent to the Orphan Asylum and Grammar School at Halle. After that he entered the University, and devoted himself to natural philosophy. He distinguished himself so much in his classes, and by original work, that after taking his degree of Doctor and becoming a "Privatdozent" he was appointed Professor Extraordinary of natural philosophy at Halle.

In 1831, on the recommendation of Carl Friedrich Gauss, he was called to Göttingen as professor of physics, although but twenty-seven years of age. Hislectures were interesting, instructive, and suggestive. Weber thought that, in order to thoroughly understand physics and apply it to daily life, mere lectures, though illustrated by experiments, were insufficient, and he encouraged his students to experiment themselves, free of charge, in the college laboratory. As a student of twenty years he, with his brother, Ernst Heinrich Weber, Professor of Anatomy at Leipzig, had written a book on the "Wave Theory and Fluidity," which brought its authors a considerable reputation. Acoustics was a favourite science of his, and he published numerous papers upon it in "Poggendorffs Annalen," Schweigger's "Jahrbücher für Chemie und Physik," and the musical journal "Carcilia." The 'mechanism of walking in mankind' was another study, undertaken in conjunction with his younger brother, Eduard Weber. These important investigations were published between the years 1825 and 1838. Gauss and Weber constructed the first electromagnetic telegraph in 1833, which connected the observatory with the institute for physics in Göttingen.

Displaced by the Hanoverian Government for his liberal opinions in politics, Weber travelled for a time, visiting England, among other countries, and became professor of physics in Leipzig from 1843 to 1849, when he was reinstalled at Göttingen. One of his most important works was the "Atlas des Erdmagnetismus" ("atlas of geomagnetism"), a series of magnetic maps, and it was chiefly through his efforts that magnetic observatories were instituted. He studied magnetism with Gauss, and in 1864 published his "Electrodynamic Proportional Measures" containing a system of absolute measurements for electric currents, which forms the basis of those in use. Weber died in Göttingen, where he is buried in the same cemetery as Max Planck and Max Born.

The SI unit of magnetic flux, the weber (symbol: Wb) is named after him.


* - obituary
* - Telegraph of Weber and Gauss (with pictures)

External links

* [http://vlp.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/people/data?id=per155 Biography and bibliography] in the Virtual Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science

NAME= Weber, Wilhelm
DATE OF BIRTH= October 24, 1804
PLACE OF BIRTH= Wittenberg, Germany
DATE OF DEATH= June 23, 1891
PLACE OF DEATH= Göttingen, Germany

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Lithographie von Rudolf Hoffmann 1856 Wilhelm Eduard Weber (* 24. Oktober 1804 in Wittenberg; † 23. Juni 1891 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Physiker. Die SI Einheit „Weber“ (abgekürzt Wb) de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Wilhelm Weber Alma máter Universidad de Halle Wittenberg …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wilhelm Eduard Weber — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weber. Portrait de Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Eduard Weber (24 octobre 1804 à Lutherstadt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm Eduard Weber — noun German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804 1891) • Syn: ↑Weber • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Weber , Wilhelm Eduard — (1804–1891) German physicist Weber was the son of a professor of divinity and brother of the noted scientists Ernst Heinrich Weber and Eduard Friedrich Weber, both of whom worked in anatomy and physiology. He was born in Wittenberg in Germany and …   Scientists

  • Weber, Wilhelm Eduard — ▪ German physicist born Oct. 24, 1804, Wittenberg, Ger. died June 23, 1891, Göttingen       German physicist who, with his friend Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauss, Carl Friedrich), investigated terrestrial magnetism and in 1833 devised an… …   Universalium

  • Weber, Wilhelm Eduard — ► (1804 91) Físico alemán. Con el matemático Gauss estableció la teoría del magnetismo terrestre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WEBER, WILHELM EDUARD —    German physicist, born at Wittenberg; professor at Göttingen; distinguished for his contributions to electricity and magnetism, both scientific and practical (1801 1891) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Max Wilhelm Carl Weber — Die nach Max Wilhelm Carl Weber benannte Weber Linie ist nach der Wallace Linie und der Lydekker Linie ein weiterer zoogeographischer Schnittpunkt zwischen der asiatischen und der australischen Wirbeltierfauna Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (* 5.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Max Wilhelm Carl Weber — Max Carl Wilhelm Weber Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weber. Max Carl Wilhelm Weber (ou Max Wilhelm Carl Weber …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.