- Fanny Durack
Fanny Durack (left) and Mina Wylie
Australian swimmers at the 1912 Stockholm Olympics
Personal information Full name Sarah Frances Durack Nickname(s) "Fanny" Nationality Australia Born 27 October 1889
Died 20 March 1956
Sport Sport Swimming Stroke(s) breaststroke, freestyle
Sarah Frances "Fanny" Durack (27 October 1889 – 20 March 1956) was an Australian swimmer. From 1910 until 1918 she was the world's greatest female swimmer of all distances from freestyle sprints to the mile marathon.
Life and career
Durack learned to swim in Sydney's Coogee Baths using breaststroke, the only style for which there was a championship for women at that time. In 1906 she won her first title, and over the next few years, dominated the Australian swimming scene. In the 1910-11 swimming season, Mina Wylie beat Durack in the 100 yards breaststroke and the 100 and 220 yards freestyle at the Australian Swimming Championships at Rose Bay. The two went on to become close friends.
In the late 1910s, she held every women's swimming world record from 100 m to a mile.
Durack and Wylie were initially refused permission to compete in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics. The New South Wales Ladies Swimming Association later allowed them to go provided they bore their own expenses. Durack set a new world record in the heats of the 100 m freestyle. She won the final, becoming the first Australian woman to win an Olympic gold medal in a swimming event. Until 1932 (when Claire Dennis won the 200 m backstroke in Los Angeles) she was the only such woman; and until 1956 she and Dennis were the only two such women.
Death and legacy
- 1912 gold (100m freestyle)
- 100 yard freestyle (1912 to 1921)
- 100m freestyle (1912 to 1920)
- 220 yard freestyle (1915 to 1921)
- 500m freestyle (1916 to 1917)
- 1 mile (1914 to 1926)
Fanny Durack was posthumously inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1967.
Notes and references
Olympic Champions in Women's 100 m Freestyle
1912: Fanny Durack • 1920: Ethelda Bleibtrey • 1924: Ethel Lackie • 1928: Albina Osipowich • 1932: Helene Madison • 1936: Rie Mastenbroek • 1948: Greta Andersen • 1952: Katalin Szőke • 1956: Dawn Fraser • 1960: Dawn Fraser • 1964: Dawn Fraser • 1968: Jan Henne • 1972: Sandra Neilson • 1976: Kornelia Ender • 1980: Barbara Krause • 1984: Nancy Hogshead and Carrie Steinseifer • 1988: Kristin Otto • 1992: Zhuang Yong • 1996: Le Jingyi • 2000: Inge de Bruijn • 2004: Jodie Henry • 2008: Britta Steffen
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