Mukden Palace


Mukden Palace
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang *
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Façade of Chongzheng Hall, the main building
Country Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Reference 439
Region ** Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Extensions 2004
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO

The Mukden Palace (simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn) or Shenyang Gugong (simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: Shěnyáng Gùgōng), also known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace, is the former imperial palace of the early Qing Dynasty of China.

It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. It is located in the center of the city of Mukden, Manchuria (Shenyang, China).

History

layout of the Mukden Palace

Early construction began in 1625 by Nurhaci. By 1631, additional structures were added under Emperor Huang Taiji.

The Mukden Palace was built to resemble the Forbidden City in Beijing. However, the palace also exhibits hints of Manchurian and Tibetan styles.

After the Qing Dynasty replaced the Ming Dynasty in 1644 in Beijing, the Mukden palace lost its status as the official residence of the Emperor. Instead, the Mukden Palace became a regional palace.

In 1780, Emperor Qianlong further expanded the palace. Successive Qing dynasty emperors usually stayed at Mukden Palace for some time each year.

Museum

Dazheng Hall, the earliest building in the palace

In 1955, Mukden Palace was converted into the Shenyang Palace Museum.

In 2004, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties site in Beijing.

References


Coordinates: 41°47′46″N 123°26′58″E / 41.79611°N 123.44944°E / 41.79611; 123.44944



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mukden — Basisdaten Großregion: Nordostchina Provinz: Liaoning Status: Unterprovinzstadt Untergliederung: 9 Stadtbezirke, 3 Kreise, 1 kreisfreie Stadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MUKDEN —    (250), in Chinese Shing king, the capital of Manchuria, on a tributary of the Liao, in the S. of the province; is a city of considerable commercial importance, and has good coal mines in the neighbourhood; there are a great palace, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Palacio Mukden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Palacios Imperiales de las dinastías Ming y Qing en Pekín (Ciudad Prohibida) y en Shenyang (Palacio Mukden)1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Palais de Mukden — Palais impériaux des dynasties Ming et Qing à Beijing et à Shenyang * …   Wikipédia en Français

  • National Palace Museum — Not to be confused with the Palace Museum in Beijing. National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 The National Palace Museum in 1970 Established October 10, 1925 in Beijing November 12, 1965 in Taipei …   Wikipedia

  • Shenyang — This article is about the city. For the aircraft manufacturer, see Shenyang Aircraft Corporation. For other uses, see Shen Yang (disambiguation). Shenyang 沈阳   Sub provincial city   沈阳市 …   Wikipedia

  • Schenjang — Basisdaten Großregion: Nordostchina Provinz: Liaoning Status: Unterprovinzstadt Untergliederung: 9 Stadtbezirke, 3 Kreise, 1 kreisfreie Stadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Forbidden City — Gugong redirects here. For other uses, see Gugong (disambiguation). Palace Museum redirects here. For the historical building in Stone Town, Zanzibar, see Palace Museum, Zanzibar. For other uses, see Forbidden City (disambiguation). Coordinates:… …   Wikipedia

  • Liaoning — Infobox PRC province ChineseName = 辽宁省 Pinyin = Liáoníng Shěng EnglishName = Liaoning Province Name = Liaoning Abbreviation = 辽 AbbrevPinyin = Liáo ISOAbbrev = 21 MapSize = 275px OriginOfName = 辽 liáo Liaoyang 宁 níng Ningyuan (now Xingcheng)… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World Heritage Sites in China — This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China. China has 41, ranking third in the world. China ratified The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on December 12, 1985. These sites comprise some… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.