Jewish Autonomism

Jewish Autonomism

Jewish Autonomism was a non-Zionist political movement that emerged in Eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century. One of its major proponents was a historian and activist Simon Dubnow, who also called his ideology folkism.

The Autonomists believed that the future survival of the Jews as a nation depends on their spiritual and cultural strength, in developing "spiritual nationhood" and in viability of Jewish diaspora as long as Jewish communities maintain self-rule, and rejected assimilation. Autonomists often stressed the vitality of modern Yiddish culture.

Various concepts of the Autonomism were adopted in the platforms of the Folkspartei, the Sejmists and socialist Jewish parties such as the Bund.

Some groups blended Autonomism with Zionism: they favored Jewish self-rule in the diaspora until diaspora Jews make Aliyah to their national homeland in Zion.

The movement's beliefs were similar to those of the Austromarxists, who advocated national cultural autonomy within the multinational Austro-Hungarian empire, and cultural pluralists in America, such as Randolph Bourne and Horace Kallen.

In 1941, Simon Dubnow was one of thousands of Jews murdered in Rumbula. After the Holocaust, the Autonomism practically disappeared from Jewish philosophy.

It is unconnected to the contemporary political movement autonomism.

See also

* Jewish political movements
* Territorialism
* Chaim Zhitlovsky

External links

* [ Autonomism] at JVL

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Autonomism (disambiguation) — For the theological view concerning opposition to or disregard for divine law see Antinomianism Autonomism can refer to: *Autonomism, a set of left wing, socialist movements that first appeared in Italy in the 1970s. *Autonomism may refer to a… …   Wikipedia

  • JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (also known as Sejmists, or J.S. = Jewish Socialists; Rus. abbrev., SERP = Sotsialisticheskaya Yevreyskaya Rabochaya Partiya), party based on a synthesis of national and socialist ideas, founded at a conference in Kiev in April 1906. Its leaders… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AUTONOMISM — A term coined by simon dubnow in 1901 to designate a theory and conception of Jewish nationalism in the Diaspora, based on a specific view of Jewish history. This gave rise to a program for the future of the Jews, who were to be politically and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish left — The term Jewish left describes Jews who identify with or support left wing, occasionally liberal causes, consciously as Jews, either as individuals or through organizations. There is no one organization or movement which constitutes the Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Homeland for the Jewish people — For the ongoing debate as to the nature of the State of Israel, see Jewish state. Jews, largely Holocaust survivors, in search of a homeland, aboard the SS Exodus A homeland for the Jewish people was an idea that rose to the fore in the 19th… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Jewish history topics — This list covers topics related to Jewish history and religion. Changes to the articles listed here may be monitored by clicking on the Related changes link in the sidebar. Please do not remove non existent articles from this list, unless they… …   Wikipedia

  • On the Jewish Question — For similar terms, see Jewish question (disambiguation). Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Dubnow — (alternatively spelled Dubnov, Russian: Семён Маркович Дубнов/Semyon Markovich Dubnov; Yiddish: שמעון דובנאָװ Shimen Dubnov; September 10, 1860 – December 8, 1941) was a Jewish historian, writer and activist. He is the father in law of Henryk… …   Wikipedia

  • ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Irgun — ארגון Irgun Irgun emblem. The map shows the British Mandate of Palestine, which the Irgun claimed in its entirety for a future Jewish state. The acronym Etzel is written above the map, and raq kach ( only thus ) is written below. Active …   Wikipedia