- Jewish Autonomism
Jewish Autonomism was a non-
Zionistpolitical movement that emerged in Eastern Europein the late 19th and early 20th century. One of its major proponents was a historian and activist Simon Dubnow, who also called his ideology folkism.
The Autonomists believed that the future survival of the
Jewsas a nationdepends on their spiritual and cultural strength, in developing "spiritual nationhood" and in viability of Jewish diasporaas long as Jewish communities maintain self-rule, and rejected assimilation. Autonomists often stressed the vitality of modern Yiddishculture.
Various concepts of the Autonomism were adopted in the platforms of the
Folkspartei, the Sejmistsand socialistJewish parties such as the Bund.
Some groups blended Autonomism with
Zionism: they favored Jewish self-rule in the diaspora until diaspora Jews make Aliyahto their national homeland in Zion.
The movement's beliefs were similar to those of the
Austromarxists, who advocated national cultural autonomywithin the multinational Austro-Hungarian empire, and cultural pluralists in America, such as Randolph Bourneand Horace Kallen.
In 1941, Simon Dubnow was one of thousands of Jews murdered in
Rumbula. After the Holocaust, the Autonomism practically disappeared from Jewish philosophy.
It is unconnected to the contemporary political movement
Jewish political movements
* [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Zionism/Autonomism.html Autonomism] at JVL
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