- Hinman Collator
The Hinman Collator, an early
optical collator, was an opto-mechanicaldevice for comparing pairs of documents for differences in the text. Documents that appeared similar were said to “collate”. The collator resulted in rapid advances in the study of literary works.
Charlton Hinmanin the late 1940s, the device used lights and mirrors to superimpose images of the two documents so that differences in text alignment or wording stood out. This resulted in huge improvements in speed and efficiency compared to the traditional cross-referencing of texts by eye.
The idea built on earlier work such as Carl Pulfrich's
blink comparatorused to help identify the planet Pluto, and Hinman's work analysing aerial photographs during World War II.
Hinman used his device to compare the many slightly different impressions of the
First Folioof William Shakespeare's works. The printingand bookbindingprocesses used in the time of Shakespeare often resulted in variations in the pages bound into the final books, and the collator enabled Hinman to describe the exact order in which the Folios had been composited and printed.
In the wake of Hinman's success, the device was purchased by a number of universities, libraries and other institutions (allegedly including the
CIA) [Smith, Stephen Escar. [http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-sb?id=sibv053&
] Studies in Bibliography 53, 2000.] . As more compact types of collator were developed in the 1960s, the last Hinman was built in 1978.
The device was developed further by Randall McLeod [Zalewski, Daniel. [http://linguafranca.mirror.theinfo.org/9706/fieldnotes.html "Through the looking glass."] Lingua franca, June 1997.] .
* [http://ecs.bathspa.ac.uk/swift/archives/000013.html Books and Mirrors]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Collationneur Hinman — Le collationneur Hinman (Hinman Collator) est un collationneur optique, c est à dire un dispositif opto mécanique servant à comparer deux livres afin de déterminer leurs différences textuelles. Il a permis des avancées importantes en histoire des … Wikipédia en Français
Visual comparison — A visual comparison is to compare two or more things by eye. This might be done by placing them side by side; by overlaying them; by alternating an image or by presenting each image to a separate eye.Such comparisons are the first stage in a… … Wikipedia
Blink comparator — A blink comparator was a viewing apparatus used by astronomers to find differences between two photographs of the night sky shot using optical telescopes such as astrographs. It permitted rapidly switching from viewing one photograph to viewing… … Wikipedia
Carl Pulfrich — (September 24, 1858 ndash; August 12, 1927) was a German physicist, noted for advancements in optics made as a researcher for the Carl Zeiss company in Jena around 1880, and for documenting the Pulfrich effect, a psycho optical phenomenon that… … Wikipedia
Literature — is the art of written works. Literally translated, the word means acquaintance with letters (from Latin littera letter). In Western culture the most basic written literary types include fiction and non fiction.DefinitionsThe word literature has… … Wikipedia