Canon of Kings


Canon of Kings

The Canon of Kings was a dated list of kings used by ancient astronomers as a convenient means to date astronomical phenomena, such as eclipses. The Canon was preserved by the astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, and is thus sometimes's called Ptolemy's Canon. It is one of the most important bases for our knowledge of ancient chronology.

The Canon derives originally from Babylonian sources. Thus, it lists Kings of Babylon from 747 BC until the fall of Babylon to the Persians in 539 BC, and then Persian kings from 538 to 332 BC. At this point, the Canon was taken up by Greek astronomers in Alexandria, and lists the Macedonian kings from 331 to 305 BC, the Ptolemies from 304 BC to 30 BC, and the Roman Emperors from 29 BC to 160 AD.

The Canon only deals in whole years. Thus, monarchs who reigned for less than one year are not listed, and only one monarch is listed in any year with multiple monarchs. Usually, the overlapping year is given to the monarch who died in that year, but not always. Note that both periods where no king is listed represent times when Sennacherib, King of Assyria, held effective control over Babylon. His name is not listed because of the hatred the Babylonians held for him due to his destruction of the city in 689 BC.

The Canon is generally considered by historiansFact|date=November 2007 to be extremely accurate. The dates have been confirmed to be essentially accurate whenever they are checked against independent sourcesFact|date=November 2007. Thus, the vast majority of historians and archaeologists view Babylonian chronology back to 747 BC as settled.

Babylonian Kings, 747-539 BC

*Nabonassar ("Nabonassáros"): 747-734 BC
*Nabu-nadin-zer ("Nadíos"): 733-732 BC
*Nabu-mukin-zeri ("Khinzêr") and Pulu ("Póros"): 731-727 BC
*Ululas ("Iloulaíos"): 726-722 BC
*Marduk-apla-iddina II ("Mardokempádos"): 721-710 BC
*Sargon II ("Arkeanós"): 709-705 BC
*no kings: 704-703 BC
*Bel-ibni ("Bilíbos"): 702-700 BC
*Ashur-nadin-shumi ("Aparanadíos"): 699-694 BC
*Nergal-Ushezib ("Rhegebélos"): 693 BC
*Mushezib-Marduk ("Mesêsimordákos"): 692-689 BC
*no kings: 688-681 BC
*Esarhaddon ("Asaradínos"): 680-668 BC
*Shamash-shum-ukin ("Saosdoukhínos"): 667-648 BC
*Kandalanu ("Kinêladános"): 647-626 BC
*Nabopolassar ("Nabopolassáros"): 625-605 BC
*Nebuchadrezzar II ("Nabokolassáros"): 604-562 BC
*Amel-Marduk ("Illoaroudámos"): 561-560 BC
*Neriglissar ("Nêrigasolassáros"): 559-556 BC
*Nabonidus ("Nabonadíos"): 555-539 BC

Persian Kings, 538-332 BC

*Cyrus: 538-530 BC
*Cambyses: 529-522 BC
*Darius I: 521-486 BC
*Xerxes I: 485-465 BC
*Artaxerxes I: 464-424 BC
*Darius II: 423-405 BC
*Artaxerxes II: 404-359 BC
*Artaxerxes III ("Ochus"): 358-338 BC
*Arses ("Arogus"): 337-336 BC
*Darius III: 335-332 BC

Macedonian Kings, 331-305 BC

*Alexander the Great: 331-324 BC
*Philip III: 323-317 BC
*Alexander IV: 316-305 BC

Ptolemies of Egypt, 304-30 BC

*Ptolemy I Soter ("Ptolemy, son of Lagus"): 304-285 BC
*Ptolemy II Philadelphus: 284-247 BC
*Ptolemy III Euergetes: 246-222 BC
*Ptolemy IV Philopator: 221-205 BC
*Ptolemy V Epiphanes: 204-181 BC
*Ptolemy VI Philometor: 180-146 BC
*Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II: 145-117 BC
*Ptolemy IX Soter II: 116-81 BC
*Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysus: 80-52 BC
*Cleopatra Thea Philopator: 51-30 BC

Roman Emperors, 29 BC-AD 160

*Augustus: 29 BC-AD 14
*Tiberius: 15-36
*Gaius: 37-40
*Claudius: 41-54
*Nero: 55-68
*Vespasian: 69-78
*Titus: 79-81
*Domitian: 82-96
*Nerva: 97
*Trajan: 98-116
*Hadrian: 117-137
*Aelius Antoninus: 138-160

ee also

*Classical authorities on Babylonia and Assyria

External links

* [http://www.livius.org/cg-cm/chronology/canon.html Explanation of Ptolemy's Canon]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canon - получить на Академике активный купон Юлмарт или выгодно canon купить по низкой цене на распродаже в Юлмарт

  • Canon of the Old Testament — • Signifies the authoritative list or closed number of the writings composed under Divine inspiration, and destined for the well being of the Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the Old Testament      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canon of the Mass — • Article divided into four sections: (I) Name and place of the Canon; (II) History of the Canon; (III) The text and rubrics of the Canon; (IV) Mystical interpretations Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the Mass      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • canon law — canon lawyer. the body of codified ecclesiastical law, esp. of the Roman Catholic Church as promulgated in ecclesiastical councils and by the pope. [1300 50; ME] * * * Body of laws established within Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy,… …   Universalium

  • Canon Palmer Catholic School — is a Roman Catholic Secondary School located in Seven Kings, Ilford, in East London, England. The school consists of 5 buildings, each named after 5 different saints, Palmer House, named after Canon Patrick Palmer, Heenan House, Kolbe house,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cañon — Canyon Pour les articles homonymes, voir canyon (homonymie) et gorge. Canyon de Hoodoos, Parc national …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kings Canyon, parque nacional — Parque nacional en la Sierra Nevada, en la parte centro sur del estado de California en EE.UU. Ocupa una superficie de 1. 870 km2 (722 mi2) y es administrado junto con el área colindante del parque nacional Secuoya. Fue creado en 1940 y contiene… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kings — noun plural but singular in construction Date: before 12th century 1. either of two narrative and historical books of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture see bible table 2. any of four narrative and historical books in the former Roman… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Development of the Old Testament canon — For the Jewish canon, see Development of the Jewish Bible canon. For the New Testament canon, see Development of the New Testament canon. Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Biblical canon — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Development of the Jewish Bible canon — This article is about the selection of the books which make up the Tanakh. For the fixing of the text itself, see Masoretic Text. Part of a series on …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.