- E. J. Bellocq
. These have inspired novels, poems and films.
Bellocq was born in a wealthy white Creole family in the
French Quarterof New Orleans. He became known locally as an amateur photographer before setting himself up as a professional, making his living mostly by taking photographic records of landmarks and of ships and machinery for local companies. However, he also took personal photographs of the hidden side of local life, notably the opiumdens in Chinatownand the prostitutes of Storyville. These were only known to a small number of his acquaintances. In the latter part of his life, he lived alone and acquired a reputation for eccentricity and unfriendliness. According to people who knew him in late life, he showed little interest in anything other than photography. In his early days, he was somewhat of a dandy.
Bellocq died in 1949 and was buried in
Saint Louis Cemeteryin New Orleans.
After his death, most of his negatives and prints were destroyed. However, the Storyville negatives were later found concealed in a sofa. In 1971, a selection of the photographs were published in a book entitled "Storyville Portraits". They had been made into distinctive prints by
Lee Friedlander, using the whole of the glass negatives. These photographs were immediately acclaimed for their unique poignancy and beauty.
A more extensive collection of Friedlander's prints, entitled "Bellocq: Photographs from Storyville", was published in 1996.
In recent times, a significant number of prints from Bellocq's own studio have come to light, these are typical professional photographs of the day, such as portraits and local views.
The Storyville Photographs
priest brother who inherited them after E. J.'s death, or someone else is unknown. However Bellocq himself is the most likely candidate, since the damage was done while the emulsion was still wet. In a few photographs the women wore masks. It is likely that the faces were scraped out for the same reason that masks were used - to protect the identities of the women.
Some prints made by Bellocq himself have since surfaced. These are far more conventional than the full-negative prints made by Friedlander.
The influence of Bellocq's violated negatives and bodies can be seen in the work of the photographer
Bellocq in literature and film
The mysteries surrounding Bellocq have inspired several fictional versions of his life, notably the
Louis Mallefilm "Pretty Baby", in which Bellocq was played by Keith Carradine. He is also a character in Michael Ondaatje's novel " Coming Through Slaughter" and the central figure in Peter Everett's novel "Bellocq's Women". All these works take considerable creative liberty, portraying a fictional Bellocq in many ways contrary to the known facts of his life and personality.
The photographs have also inspired imaginative literature about the women depicted in them. This includes several collections of poems, notably Brooke Bergan's "Storyville: A Hidden Mirror" and Natasha Trethewey's "Bellocq's Ophelia".
* [http://www.masters-of-photography.com/B/bellocq/bellocq.html Masters of Photography]
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