Republican Study Committee


Republican Study Committee

The Republican Study Committee is a caucus of conservative members of the Republican Party in the United States House of Representatives. Though the primary functions of the Republican Study Committee vary from year to year, it has always pushed for significant cuts in non-defense spending, advocating socially conservative legislation, and protecting rights such as the right to keep and bear arms. It has proposed an alternative budget every year since 1995, with notable decreases in pork spending. It has unveiled its plan to balance the budget without increasing taxes. Its alternative budget proposals are regularly praised by the editors of "National Review", a leading conservative journal of opinion.

The RSC is often a stepping-stone to larger leadership positions, as demonstrated in current events in Rep. John Shadegg's quest for House Majority Leader. Having served as a previous leader of the CATs/RSC, Rep. Shadegg will likely command the loyalty of many members of the RSC, which include roughly 103 members of the 230 member House Republican Conference. The group regularly touts the fact that its members have gone on to larger leadership positions, such as Vice President Richard Cheney, former House Majority Leader (and former RSC chair) Tom DeLay.

Initiatives

The RSC's key legislative initiatives are detailed in the American Taxpayer Bill of Rights, unveiled in March 2007.

*1. Taxpayers have a right to have a federal government that does not grow beyond their ability to pay for it.
*2. Taxpayers have a right to receive back each dollar that they entrust to the government for their retirement.
*3. Taxpayers have a right to expect the government to balance the budget without having their taxes raised.
*4. Taxpayers have a right to a simple, fair tax code that they can understand.

History

It was founded in 1973 by Paul Weyrich and other conservative activists to keep a watch on the House Republican leadership, which they saw at the time as too moderate. Their formation mirrored the rise of the Democratic Study Group, a liberal force in the House Democratic Caucus founded in 1948. The group's first chairman was Phil Crane of Illinois. The group briefly dissolved in 1995 after the Republicans won control of the House for the first time in 40 years. Newly elected Speaker Newt Gingrich terminated funding for the RSC and similar groups soon after taking office.Fact|date=April 2008

However, it was almost immediately refounded as the Conservative Action Team by Dan Burton of Indiana (the last chairman of the original RSC), Sam Johnson of Texas, John Doolittle of California and Ernest Istook of Oklahoma. The four founders alternated as chairmen throughout the next two Congresses until David McIntosh of Indiana became chairman in 1998. When he resigned from the chairmanship in 2000 to focus on his run for governor of Indiana, Johnson reassumed the chairmanship. John Shadegg of Arizona became chairman in 2001, renaming it the RSC soon after taking over. Shadegg increased the group's membership from 40 members in 2001 to 70 members in 2003. Sue Myrick of North Carolina served as chairwoman from 2003 to 2005. Mike Pence of Indiana served as chairman from 2005 to 2006. On December 6, 2006, the Committee voted 57-42 to elect Texas Congressman Jeb Hensarling to serve as chairman in the 110th Congress; Todd Tiahrt of Kansas was Hensarling's opponent in the chairmanship race. It is currently the largest single component of the House Republican Conference (caucus).Fact|date=April 2008

In September 2004, Representative Mike Pence, the Republican from the Sixth District of Indiana, was elected unanimously to chair the committee for the 109th United States Congress. Rep. Pence is continuing to push the committee as a Reagan Republican voice, being championed as "Rush Limbaugh on decaff" and "A New Face of Conservatism." He has since been succeeded by Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R-TX) who took over the RSC at the beginning of the 110th Congress and with Republicans facing minority status in both chambers for the first time since 1994.Fact|date=April 2008

Several members of the RSC have held high positions in the House leadership. For instance, Doolittle was secretary of the House Republican Conference from 2003 to 2007, and Shadegg served as chairman of the House Policy Committee before stepping down to run for House Majority Leader in 2005.Fact|date=April 2008

Connections

The organization has long had ties to groups making up the most conservative elements of the Republican Party, such as the National Rifle Association, the American Family Association, Focus on the Family, Concerned Women for America and the conservative magazine "National Review", as well as the libertarian Cato Institute.

A subgroup of the committee, the Values Action Team, coordinates legislation with the Christian right. It has been headed by Joe Pitts of Pennsylvania since its formation in 1997.

The RSC has never publicized its full membership list, but a partial list has always been available at the group's website. It touts a former Vice President (Dan Quayle) and a former House Majority Leader (likely Tom DeLay) among its former members. In addition, four sitting senators--David Vitter (LA), Richard Burr (NC), Jim DeMint (SC), and Roger Wicker (MS)--were members of the RSC while serving in the House. Current governors Butch Otter (ID) and Bobby Jindal (LA) were also members.

Controversy

The Republican Study Committee accused House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of pirating C-SPAN footage. In addition to an earlier attack on Pelosi about her private use of a military aircraft, the RSC retracted the accusations. (http://beltwayblogroll.nationaljournal.com/archives/2007/02/capitollink_pel_1.php)

House republicans walked out of the bailout negotiations insisting on the RSC plan on September, 25th.

Known members

Alabama
*Robert Aderholt (AL-4)
*Spencer Bachus (AL-6)

Arizona
*Rick Renzi (AZ-1)
*Trent Franks (AZ-2)
*John Shadegg (AZ-3)
*Jeff Flake (AZ-6)

Arkansas
*John Boozman (AR-3)

California
*Wally Herger (CA-2)
*Dan Lungren (CA-3)
*John Doolittle (CA-4)
*George Radanovich (CA-19)
*Buck McKeon (CA-25)
*Ed Royce (CA-40)
*Gary Miller (CA-42)
*Dana Rohrabacher (CA-46)
*John Campbell (CA-48)
*Darrell Issa (CA-49)
*Brian Bilbray (CA-50)
*Duncan Hunter (CA-52)

Colorado
*Marilyn Musgrave (CO-4)
*Doug Lamborn (CO-5)
*Tom Tancredo (CO-6)

Florida
*Jeff Miller (FL-1)
*Cliff Stearns (FL-6)
*Adam Putnam (FL-12)
*Vern Buchanan (FL-13)
*Connie Mack (FL-14)
*Dave Weldon (FL-15)
*Tom Feeney (FL-24)
*Mario Diaz-Balart (FL-25)

Georgia
*Jack Kingston (GA-1)
*Lynn Westmoreland (GA-3)
*Tom Price (GA-6)
*John Linder (GA-7)
*Paul Broun (GA-10)
*Phil Gingrey (GA-11)

Idaho
*Bill Sali (ID-1)

Illinois
*Peter Roskam (IL-6)
*Don Manzullo (IL-16)

Indiana
*Mark Souder (IN-3)
*Dan Burton (IN-5)
*Mike Pence (IN-6)

Iowa
*Steve King (IA-5)

Kansas
*Jerry Moran (KS-1)
*Todd Tiahrt (KS-4)

Kentucky
*Ron Lewis (KY-2)
*Geoff Davis (KY-4)

Louisiana
*Rodney Alexander (LA-5)

Maryland
*Roscoe Bartlett (MD-6)

Michigan
*Pete Hoekstra (MI-2)
*Dave Camp (MI-4)
*Tim Walberg (MI-7)

Minnesota
*John Kline (MN-2)
*Michele Bachmann (MN-6)

Missouri
*Todd Akin (MO-2)

Montana
*Denny Rehberg (MT)

Nebraska
*Jeff Fortenberry (NE-1)
*Lee Terry (NE-2)
*Adrian Smith (NE-3)

New Jersey
*Scott Garrett (NJ-5)

New Mexico
*Steve Pearce (NM-2)

New York
*Tom Reynolds (NY-26)

North Carolina
*Virginia Foxx (NC-5)
*Robin Hayes (NC-8)
*Sue Myrick (NC-9)
*Patrick McHenry (NC-10)

Ohio
*Steve Chabot (OH-1)
*Mike Turner (OH-3)
*Jim Jordan (OH-4)
*Bob Latta (OH-5)

Oklahoma
*John Sullivan (OK-1)
*Frank Lucas (OK-3)
*Tom Cole (OK-4)
*Mary Fallin (OK-5)

Pennsylvania
*Joe Pitts (PA-16)
*Tim Murphy (PA-18)

Puerto Rico
*Luis Fortuño (non-voting Resident Commissioner)

South Carolina
*Henry Brown (SC-1)
*Joe Wilson (SC-2)
*Gresham Barrett (SC-3)
*Bob Inglis (SC-4)

Tennessee
*David Davis (TN-1)
*Zach Wamp (TN-3)
*Marsha Blackburn (TN-7)

Texas
*Louie Gohmert (TX-1)
*Ted Poe (TX-2)
*Sam Johnson (TX-3)
*Jeb Hensarling (TX-5) Chairman
*Joe Barton (TX-6)
*John Culberson (TX-7)
*Kevin Brady (TX-8)
*Michael McCaul (TX-10)
*Mike Conaway (TX-11)
*Mac Thornberry (TX-13)
*Randy Neugebauer (TX-19)
*Lamar Smith (TX-21)
*Kenny Marchant (TX-24)
*Michael Burgess (TX-26)
*John Carter (TX-31)
*Pete Sessions (TX-32)

Utah
*Rob Bishop (UT-1)
*Chris Cannon (UT-3)

Virginia
*Rob Wittman (VA-1)
*Thelma Drake (VA-2)
*Randy Forbes (VA-4)
*Virgil Goode (VA-5)
*Bob Goodlatte (VA-6)
*Eric Cantor (VA-7)

Washington
*Cathy McMorris Rodgers (WA-5)

Wisconsin
*Paul Ryan (WI-1)

Wyoming
*Barbara Cubin (WY)

External references

* [http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2005/9/9/95352.shtml Republicans Urge Suspension of Davis-Bacon Wage Act for Katrina Recovery] Jim Meyers, "NewsMax.com" 9 September 2005
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/16/AR2005101601055.html?sub=AR House GOP Leaders Set to Cut Spending] Jonathan Weisman "Washington Post" 19 October 2005

External links

* [http://www.house.gov/pence/rsc/ Official Site]


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