Svealand


Svealand

Svealand (Audio|Sv-Svealand.ogg|"listen") or (rarely or historically) Sweden Proper [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0062%3Aid%3Dgothi] is the historical core region of Sweden. It is located in south central Sweden, bounded to the north by Norrland and to the south by Götaland. Deep forests, Tiveden, Tylöskog, Kolmården, separated Svealand from Götaland. Historically, its inhabitants were called "Svear".

Svealand consists of the capital region Mälardalen in the east, Roslagen to the north-east, the former mining District Bergslagen in the center, and Dalarna and Värmland in the west.

The name of Sweden in Swedish, Svea rike (modern spelling: Sverige) or the "Realm of the Swedes" originally only referred to Svealand. Other forms are "Sweoðeod" (Old Norse/Icelandic "Svíþjóð"), and "Sweorice". As the domains of the Swedish kings grew, the name Svealand began to be used to separate the original territory from the new.

Provinces

Svealand is made up of the following six provinces:


*Dalarna
*Närke
*Södermanland
*Uppland
*Värmland
*Västmanland

Stockholm, the Swedish capital, is located in both Uppland and Södermanland, and a border stone can be found in the street Västerlånggatan in Stockholm Old Town (Gamla stan).


History

Svealand was the original Sweden, to which it gave its name. This is supported by linguistics and is based on early medieval sources, such as the sagas. In Old Norse and in Old English, Svealand and Sweden are synonymous, and described as a separate country from Götaland/Gautland/Geatland.
*In "Sögubrot af Nokkrum" [http://www.snerpa.is/net/forn/sogubrot.htm] for instance, Kolmården between Svealand and Östergötland is described as the border between Sweden and Östergötland (..."Kolmerkr, er skilr Svíþjóð ok Eystra-Gautland"...).
*In "Hervarar saga" [http://www.snerpa.is/net/forn/hervar.htm] , king Ingold I rides to Sweden through Östergötland: "Ingi konungr fór með hirð sína ok sveit nokkura ok hafði lítinn her. Hann reið austr um Smáland ok í eystra Gautland ok svá í Svíþjóð".
*The lord Bo Jonsson Grip was probably the one who was best acquainted with the geography of the Swedish kingdom since he owned more than half of it. In 1384, he stated in his will that the kingdom consisted of "Swerige" (Sweden, i.e. Svealand), "Österland" (i.e. Finland) and "Göthaland" (i.e. Götaland).
*The 15th century Swedish version of the "Þiðrekssaga" says that "Vilkinaland" was formerly a name for Sweden (Swerige) and Götaland: " [http://www.nordlund.lu.se/Fornsvenska/Fsv%20Folder/01_Bitar/B.P6.A-DidA.html wilcina land som nw är kalladh swerige oc götaland] ".There are historians and linguistics, for instance Henrik and Fredrik Lindström, that discuss the veracity of Svealand as the origin of the state of Sweden. They argue that it was not Svealand that conquered the geats and created Sweden but the other way round. The geats where the driving force for in the unification process, they were also more influential in the regional and international politics at that time. The swedes, on the other hand, were local patriotic and socially, politically and religiously conservative. Lindström and Lindström also use linguistical data to show that the dialects of the geats influenced the sveamål (particularly in Attundaland and southern Tiundaland) after the defeat of the last svea opposition in the middle of the 13th century. [Lindström, Henrik & Fredrik Lindström. Svitjods undergång och Sveriges födelse ("The fall of" Svitjod "and the birth of Sweden"). Stockholm: Bonnier, 2006.]

A crusade to the east started by the kings of Svealand during the 12th century eventually conquered the provinces of Österland, an older name for Finland.

In the early Middle Ages the modern province of Gästrikland was part of Tiundaland, one of the three constituent parts of the modern province of Uppland, and therefore counted as a part of Svealand.

For a time in the early 19th century, the province of Värmland belonged to the Court of Appeal for Svealand. Even though Värmland historically belonged to Götaland, it has by custom long been considered part of Svealand.

See also

* Norrland
* Götaland
* Rike

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Svealand — Svealand. Provinicias historicas en Svealand Svealand ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • SVEALAND — Région centrale de la Suède située entre le Norrland et le Götaland, et peuplée de 3 244 000 habitants en 1990, le Svealand rassemble des régions très diverses autour de la dépression centrale due à un fossé tectonique à travers le bouclier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Svealand — Svealand,   die mittlere der drei historischen Großlandschaften Schwedens, zwischen Götaland und Norrland, umfasst 20 % der Landfläche (mit den historischen Provinzen Södermanland, Uppland, Västmanland, Närke, Värmland und Dalarna). Dieses Gebiet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Svealand — Les trois grandes régions de Suède et la quatrième, Österland, la Finlande actuelle Svealand. Le Värmland était considéré comme une province du Götaland jusqu au début du XIXe siècle. Le Svealand (littéralement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Svealand — Lage Svealands in Schweden Historische Provinzen (landskap) in Svealand Svealand ist der mittlere der drei Land …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Svealand — Region, south central Sweden. Stretching across the breadth of the country, it covers an area of 31,212 sq mi (80,844 sq km). Settled as early as the Stone Age, it was the original home of the Svear, a people who gave Sweden its name, and it was… …   Universalium

  • Svealand — Sp Svèalandas Ap Svealand L ist. sr. Švedijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Svealand — Región, en el centro sur de Suecia. Se extiende a través del país y cubre 80.844 km2 (31.212 mi2) de superficie. Poblada desde la edad de piedra, fue el hogar original de los svear, pueblo que le dio el nombre a Suecia. Fue el centro político y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Svealand Swedish — (in Swedish: Sveamål) is one of the major grouping of Swedish dialects, clearly distinguished from Finland Swedish and the Swedish spoken in Southern Sweden.A major characteristic of Svealand Swedish is the coalescence of the alveolar trill with… …   Wikipedia

  • Свеаланд — (Svealand)         историческая область в Швеции, в средней части страны. Площадь 81 тыс. км2. Население 3,1 млн. человек (1975). В 11 16 вв. на территории С. сложилось историческое ядро шведского государства. Южную и восточную части С. (лены… …   Большая советская энциклопедия


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.