1934 in literature

1934 in literature

The year 1934 in literature involved some significant events and new books.


* The first "Flash Gordon" comic strip is published.
*Boris Pasternak and Korney Chukovsky are among those present at the first Congress of the Soviet Union of Writers.
* The first Nero Wolfe book is published by Rex Stout.
* The first Sir Henry Merrivale mystery novel is published by John Dickson Carr writing as "Carter Dickson".

New books

*M. Ageyev - "Cocain Romance (Roman s kokainom)"
*Edwin Balmer & Philip Wylie - "After Worlds Collide"
*Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay - "Pother kanta"
*Samuel Beckett - "More Pricks Than Kicks"
*Edgar Rice Burroughs - "Tarzan and the Lion Man"
*James Branch Cabell - "Smirt"
*James M. Cain - "The Postman Always Rings Twice"
*Morley Callaghan - "Such Is My Beloved"
*John Dickson Carr (writing as "Carter Dickson")
**"The Plague Court Murders"
**"The White Priory Murders"
*Gabriel Chevallier - "Clochemerle"
*Agatha Christie - "Murder on the Orient Express"
*Colette - "Duo"
*Freeman Wills Crofts - "The 12.30 from Croydon"
*Isak Dinesen - "Seven Gothic Tales"
*Max Ernst - "Une Semaine de Bonté"
*F. Scott Fitzgerald - "Tender Is the Night"
*Elena Fortún - "Celia en el mundo"
*Robert Graves - "I, Claudius"
*Herge - "Cigars of the Pharaoh"
*James Hilton - "Goodbye, Mr. Chips"
*Zora Neale Hurston - "Jonah's Gourd Vine: A Novel"
*Henry Miller - "Tropic of Cancer"
*Leopold Myers - "Rajah Amar"
*Vladimir Nabokov - "Despair"
*John O'Hara - "Appointment in Samarra"
*Ellery Queen - "The Chinese Orange Mystery"
*Henry Roth - "Call It Sleep"
*Mikhail Sholokhov - "And Quiet Flows the Don"
*Irving Stone - "Lust for Life"
*Rex Stout - "Fer-de-Lance"
*B. Traven - "The Death Ship (first publication in English)
*P. L. Travers - "Mary Poppins"
*Geoffrey Trease - "Bows Against the Barons"
*S. S. Van Dine
**"The Dragon Murder Case"
**"The Casino Murder Case"
*Evelyn Waugh - "A Handful of Dust"
*Nathaniel West - "A Cool Million"
*P. G. Wodehouse - "Thank You, Jeeves"
*V. M. Yeates - "Winged Victory"

New drama

*Lillian Hellman - "The Children's Hour"
*Federico García Lorca - "Yerma"
*Lawrence Riley - "Personal Appearance"


*Ruth Benedict - "Patterns of Culture"
*Julius Evola - "Il Mistero del Graal e la Tradizione Ghibellina dell'Impero (The Mystery of the Grail)"
*Emma Goldman - "Living My Life"
*Aldous Huxley - "Beyond the Mexique Bay"
*Cornelia Meigs - ""
*A. A. Milne - "Peace with Honour"
*H. G. Wells - "An Experiment in Autobiography"


* February 10 - Fleur Adcock, poet
* February 10 - Gordon Lish, American writer, editor and teacher
* March 28 - Jean Louvet, dramatist
* May 27 - Harlan Ellison, US science-fiction writer.
* July 21 - Jonathan Miller, satirist and non-fiction author
* August 6 - Piers Anthony, English writer of science fiction and fantasy
*October 17 - Alan Garner, novelist
* November 9 - Ronald Harwood, dramatist
* November 21 - Beryl Bainbridge, novelist
*"date unknown" - Jayakanthan, Tamil writer, Jnanpith awardee


*January 8 - Andrei Bely, novelist, poet and critic
*January 15 - Hermann Bahr, dramatist and critic
*January 30 - Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher
*February 8 - Ferenc Móra, novelist and journalist
*March 10 - F. Anstey, "Vice Versa" author
*April 9 - Safvet-beg Bašagić, poet
*April 11 - Gerald du Maurier, actor-manager, son of George du Maurier and father of Daphne du Maurier
*June 21 - Thorne Smith, humorist and fantasy author
*July 23 - Karl Joel, philosopher
*July 29 - Frane Bulić, historian
*August 13 - Mary Hunter Austin, travel writer
*September 9 - Roger Fry, art critic
*October 1 - Shakeb Jalali, Famous URDU poet
*November 23 - Arthur Wing Pinero, dramatist
*"date unknown"
**Fritz Gerlich, anti-Hitler journalist
**Julian Hawthorne, journalist and novelist
**Gustave Lanson, historian and literary critic
**Robert Clyde Packer, newspaper magnate
**Naito Torajiro, historian


* James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Robert Graves, "I, Claudius" and "Claudius the God"
* James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: J. E. Neale, "Queen Elizabeth"
* King's Gold Medal for Poetry instituted this year with first winner, Laurence Whistler
* Newbery Medal for children's literature: Cornelia Meigs, "Invincible Louisa"
* Nobel Prize for literature: Luigi Pirandello.
* Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Sidney Kingsley, "Men in White"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Hillyer: "Collected Verse"
* Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Caroline Miller - "Lamb in His Bosom"

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