Jean Talon


Jean Talon

Jean Talon, Comte d'Orsainville (1625, baptised 8 January 1626 – November 1694) was a French colonial administrator who was the first and most highly regarded Intendant of New France under King Louis XIV.

Life

He was born at Châlons-sur-Marne, to Philippe Talon and Anne de Bury in 1625. He was very entrepreneurial and as Intendant during 1665–1672, he attempted to diversify the colony's economy by encouraging agriculture, fishing, lumbering, and industry as well as the traditional fur trade. He approved Robert La Salle's plan to mount expeditions to seek a western passage to China [Francis Parkman, La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West, France and England in North America 3 Williamstown, MA: Corner House Publishers, 1980), 15.] . As the first intendant to arrive in New France, his mission was to boost the growth and prosperity of the remote colony by making it self-sufficient. The most innovative idea instituted by Talon was bringing around 700-900 filles du roi to New France. The filles du roi would emigrate to New France between 1663 and 1673, marry quickly, and bear children. Agents were hired to find ideal young women. Thirty livres was given for a wardrobe of two sets of clothes and 60 livres for their transport. Jean Talon's plan, with les filles du roi, tripled the population of New France within 15 years. In 1666, he conducted the first census in North America, counting 3,215 of its residents. While he succeeded in settling some 2,000 people in the colony, many of the industries that he had initiated failed when he returned to France.

Talon worked closely with lieutenant-general Prouville de Trace to achieve the surrender of the Iroquois in 1667, thereby ending the threat that had hung over the colony for 20 years. Although Talon did not join the troops in the field, at Tracy's request, he had a very large share in the success of the French arms through his constant and meticulous care in placing at the disposition of the army everything that was necessary for the war, despite the poverty of the colony, the lack of roads, and the distances.

He died in France in 1694. He was a highly respected man and loved by many Fact|date=May 2007, yet he was never married. Jean studied at the Jesuit college of Clermont in Paris, [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14438a.htm Jean Talon] - Catholic Encyclopedia article] so his knowledge was much appreciated by King Louis XIV and Jean-Baptiste Colbert, who were to help in the colonization of New France.

Honours

Several sites and landmarks were named to honour Jean Talon. They include:

* Rue Jean-Talon (Jean Talon Street), located in Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada;
* The Jean Talon Building (Building 5) in Tunney's Pasture,Ottawa, Ontario;
* The provincial electoral district of Jean-Talon, Quebec;
* Metro Jean-Talon (Jean Talon subway station), the intersection of the orange and the blue subway lines in Montreal, Canada;
* Rue Jean-Talon (Jean-Talon Street), an important street of 14,01 kilometers (8,71 miles) going East-West in the city of Montreal;
* Marché Jean-Talon, a farmer's market in Montreal.

References

External links

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=277 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* Full text of " [http://www.gutenberg.net/etext/4971 The Great Intendant : A Chronicle of Jean Talon in Canada 1665-1672] " from Project Gutenberg


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jean Talon — Estatua de Jean Talon en la Asamblea Nacional de Quebec Nacimient …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean Talon — Jean Talon, Comte d Orsainville (* Dezember 1625 in Châlons en Champagne; † 23. November 1694) war ein französischer Kolonialbeamter unter König Ludwig XIV. Er war von 1655 bis 1665 Intendant des Hennegaus (Hainault), 1665 bis 1672 der erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Talon —     Jean Talon     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jean Talon     First intendant in exercise of New France, b. at Châlons sur Marne, 1625, of Philippe and Anne Beuvy; d. at Versailles, 23 Nov., 1691. After studying at the Jesuit college of Clermont,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jean-Talon — is a provincial electoral riding in the province of Quebec, Canada. Located in the Capitale Nationale region, the riding was formed in 1965 and was previously part of the riding of Quebec Centre from 1867 to 1965. It includes most of the central… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Talon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Talon et Talon. Jean Talon Jean Ta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Talon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jean Talon Jean Talon : premier intendant de la Nouvelle France. Jean Talon : station de métro de Montréal. Jean Talon : circonscription… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Talon (metro de Montreal) — Jean Talon (métro de Montréal) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Talon. Station Jean Talon Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-talon (métro de montréal) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Talon. Station Jean Talon Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Talon (homonymie) — Jean Talon Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jean Talon Jean Talon : premier intendant de la Nouvelle France. Jean Talon : station de métro de Montréal. Jean Talon :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-talon (homonymie) — Jean Talon Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jean Talon Jean Talon : premier intendant de la Nouvelle France. Jean Talon : station de métro de Montréal. Jean Talon :… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.