Stonehenge Landscape

Stonehenge Landscape

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites


State Party = flag|United Kingdom
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii
ID = 373
Region = Europe
Year = 1986
Session = 10th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/373

The Stonehenge Landscape is a property of The National Trust, located on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. The estate (formerly known as Stonehenge Historic Landscape and before that as Stonehenge Down) covers 8.5 km² (850 Hectares) surrounding the neolithic monument of Stonehenge which is administered by English Heritage. Much of the land is designated open access by the Trust, including the fields immediately around Stonehenge and other fields that become available as part of the chalk grassland reversion project (see below).

Much of the land was acquired in 1927 after a public appeal was launched to prevent further development on the fields around the monument. The successfully purchased land was given to the Trust for the benefit of the nation. Shortly afterwards such structures as cottages and an old WW1 aerodrome were removed from the immediate vicinity of the stones. Later the Trust acquired more land, principally afte rthe purchase of an adjacent farm in the early 21st century.

The land owned by the Trust comprises almost one third of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site, and contains nearly 400 ancient monuments (most of them scheduled). These monuments include the enormous earthwork known as the Cursus, the Avenue, Woodhenge and Durrington Walls as well as numerous burial mounds known as barrows. The estate also includes some of the Nile Clumps, large clumps of trees on arable farmland, said to represent ship positions at the Battle of the Nile. This is said to form a large memorial to Nelson created by a local landowner after Nelson died.

During the 1970's and 1980's the estate was the scene of the Stonehenge Free Festival. Damage to monuments such as the Cursus barrows was one of the reasons that the festival was banned in 1985.

As part of the World Heritage Site Management Plan for Stonehenge, some 340 hectares of the land will be reverted to chalk grassland by 2011. The scheme (one of the largest reversion schemes of its kind in Europe) will turn over much of the estate to permanent pasture, and allow for increased open access around the area. At present some 112 hectares have been reverted, and along with the existing grassland are used as public open access as well as animal grazing.

ee also

* Stonehenge
* Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge
* Stonehenge Free Festival
* Excavations at Stonehenge
* Theories about Stonehenge
* Cultural depictions of Stonehenge
* Stonehenge road tunnel
* Stonehenge Riverside Project

External links

* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/stonehengelandscape National Trust Stonehenge Landscape]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Stonehenge, Avebury et sites associés — Stonehenge, Avebury et sites associés * Patrimoi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stonehenge — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites State Party = flag|United Kingdom Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii ID = 373 Region = Europe Year = 1986 Session = 10th Link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Stonehenge Riverside Project — The Stonehenge Riverside Project is a major AHRC funded archaeological research study interested in the development of the Stonehenge landscape in Neolithic and Bronze Age Britain. In particular, the project is interested in the relationship… …   Wikipedia

  • Stonehenge Archer — The Stonehenge Archer is the name given to a Bronze Age man whose body was discovered in the outer ditch of Stonehenge. Unlike most burials in the Stonehenge Landscape, his body was not in a barrow, although it did appear to have been… …   Wikipedia

  • Stonehenge — im Juli 2008 51.178888888889 1.8263888888889 Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stonehenge in its landscape — Infobox Book | name = Stonehenge in its landscape image caption = Cover author = R.M.J. Cleal, K.E. Walker and R. Montague country = language = English genre = Archaeology publisher = English Heritage release date = 1995 media type = pages = 618… …   Wikipedia

  • Stonehenge road tunnel — The Stonehenge road tunnel was a controversial tunnel in Wiltshire, England proposed by the Highways Agency to upgrade the A303 road. It would have moved the A303 into a tunnel under the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and close the A344 road.… …   Wikipedia

  • New henge at Stonehenge — The new henge discovered at Stonehenge appears to be a Neolithic henge and timber circle 900m from Stonehenge itself. It was discovered in July 2010, two weeks into a project looking at the archaeology around the Stonehenge World Heritage Site in …   Wikipedia

  • Theories about Stonehenge — Stonehenge has been subjected to many theories about its origin, ranging from the academic worlds of archaeology to explanations from mythology and the paranormal.Early interpretationsMany early historians were influenced by supernatural… …   Wikipedia

  • Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge — The prehistoric monument of Stonehenge has long been studied for its possible connections with ancient astronomy. Archaeoastronomers have claimed that Stonehenge represents an ancient observatory, although the extent of its use for that purpose… …   Wikipedia


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