- Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens
Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens
Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens from Mowbray Park
Established 1846 Location Burdon Road, Sunderland, England Type Museum Website http://www.twmuseums.org.uk/sunderland/
Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens is a municipal museum in Sunderland, England. It is part of the Tyne and Wear Museums group, and is sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. It contains the only known British example of a gliding reptile, the oldest known vertebrate capable of gliding flight. The exhibit was discovered in Eppleton quarry.
It was established in 1846, in the Athenaeum Building on Fawcett Street, the first municipally funded museum in the country outside of London. In 1879, the Museum moved to a new larger building next to Mowbray Park including a library and winter garden based on the model of the Crystal Palace. President Ulysses Grant was in attendance at the laying of the foundation stone by Alderman Samuel Storey in 1877. The building opened in 1879. During World War II, Winter Garden was damaged by a parachute mine in 1941 and was later demolished with a 1960s extension taking its place, but in 2001 a lottery funded refurbishment of the Museum created a new Winter Garden extension and improved facilities. In 2003, the Museum was recognised as the most attended outside London. The Museum contains a large collection of the locally made Sunderland Lustreware pottery. Other highlights of the Museum are a stuffed Lion, the remains of a Walrus brought back from Siberia in the 1880s and the first Nissan car to be made in Sunderland. Also featured are the skeletal remains of a male human being.
The library moved in 1995 to the new City Library and Arts Centre on Fawcett Street (occupying part of the former Binns Department Store). The relocation left more space for museum exhibitions. The new City Library Arts Centre also houses the Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art, renowned as one of the leading forums for new artists in the North of England.
L.S. Lowry described his discovery of Sunderland in 1960, after which it became his second home: ‘One day I was travelling south from Tyneside and I realised this was what I had always been looking for.’ Sunderland Museum, with six works and 30 on long-term loan, have a collection surpassed only by Salford and Manchester.
Education Places of InterestSunderland Museum and Winter Gardens · Stadium of Light · Penshaw Monument · National Glass Centre · Sunderland Empire · St Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth · Sunderland International Airshow · Washington Old Hall · Monkwearmouth Station Museum · Sunderland Aquatic Centre · Crowtree Leisure Centre · The Bridges · WWT Washington Local Media Twinned Places Sport Washington Houghton-le-SpringPenshaw Monument · St Michael and All Angels Church Houghton-le-SpringHoughton Hall · Houghton Rectory · Kepier School · Victoria Viaduct City CentreSunderland Museum · St Mary's Church · Mowbray Almshouses · Sunderland County Court · Corder House and Sydenham House · Elephant Tea Rooms · Green's Public House · The Isis · Sunderland Gas Board · Galen Building · Fitzgerald's Public House · Wearmouth Bridge · River Wear Commission Building · St Mary's Building · Wearmouth Rail Bridge · Sunderland Magistrates' Court · Sunderland and South Shields Water Company Building · Victoria Hall Disaster Memorial · Sunderland War Memorial · Burdon Road Masonic Temple · 4–25 Foyle Street · 28–40 and 43–48 West Sunnside · Medieval Arch & Wall · Central Buildings · Former General Post Office · Former Custom House · Maritime Buildings · 19, 20, 29 and 30 Villiers Street · West Park Church · 17–29, 32–42 & 45–58 Frederick Street · Mowbray Park (certain buildings) · Midland Bank · National Westminster Bank · Barclays Bank · Lloyds Bank · 11–17, 20–23 25–28 and 45–58 John Street · 2 & 3 Mary Street · 3–5 Albion Place · 19 & 31–33 Norfolk Street · 3 & 22 Athenaeum Street · Hutchinson's Buildings · The Londonderry · The Dun Cow · 1–7, 105–112, 114–118, 145, 170–173, 176, 211, 212 and 214–217 High Street West · 49–51 High Street East · Monkwearmouth
and SouthwickMonkwearmouth Library · Monkwearmouth College · Wheatsheaf Hotel · North East Railway Stables · Holy Trinity Church · St Columba's Church · Hebron Church · 6 Back North Bridge Street · 57 and 58 Barclay Street · Southwick Limekilns · The Tramcar Inn · Thompson Memorial · Southwick War Memorial · 65–95 James Armitage Street · All Saints' Church
and ThornholmeBede Tower · Sunderland Synagogue · Christ Church · West Hendon House · St John's Church · Carlton House · Langham Tower · Ashburne House · The Crofts · Gray House · St George's House · 3–7 Douro Terrace · Valebrooke Gardens · Westburn House · 1–29 Thornhill Terrace · 1–15 Grange Crescent · 1–9 The Esplanade · Burdon House · 1–16 St Bede's Terrace · 1–24 Park Place East and West · Park Road Methodist Church ·
and GrangetownHendon Gas Works · Quayside Exchange · St Aidan's Church · Trafalgar Square Merchant Seaman's Almshouses · St Ignatius Church · Tavistock House · Sunderland East Community Centre · 10 Church Street East · Salisbury Street Steps · Sunderland Cemetery (certain buildings) · Former Methodist Manse · Bethesda Free Church · 17–23 Murton Street · 3–19 Ridley Terrace · North Dock (walls and mooring posts) · Hudson Dock (certain buildings) · Sunderland Harbour South Pier · Whylam Wharf · Bonded Warehouse ·
and HumbledonBarnes School · St Gabriel's Church · Kayll Road Library · Children's Hospital · Humbledon Pumping Station · Hill House · Bishopwearmouth Cemetery (certain buildings) · Barnes Park Bandstand ·
and TunstallSilksworth Hall · Tunstall Lodge · Silksworth Cottage · Tunstall School · Tunstall Hope Lodge ·
and South Hylton
and Whitburn BentsFulwell Pumping Station · The Bents · Mere Knolls Cemetery (certain buildings) · Roker Park Bandstand · Roker Park Drinking Fountain · Roker Pier & Lighthouse · Andover · Fulwell Limekilns · 160, 162 & 164 Newcastle Road
Blue House Villa · 'F' Pit · The Old Hall Smithy · Low Barmston Farmhouse · Red Hill House · Usworth Hall · Fatfield House · Our Blessed Lady Immaculate Church, Washington ·Certain buildings in/on: Peareth Hall Road · The Avenue
Davenport and Lilburne Almshouses · Lilburn House · Gilpin House · The Villa · The Rectory · St Michael's Church · The Old Mill · Laburnum House · Houghton Mines Rescue Station · High Farm House · St Cuthbert's Church · Stoneygate Pumping Station · Philadelphia Power StationCertain buildings in/on: Nesham Place · Front Street, Newbottle · Philadelphia Lane
Hetton-le-HoleSt Nicholas' Church, Hetton-le-Hole · St Nicholas House · Easington Lane War Memorial · Pithead Baths · Smithy · Primitive Methodist Church · NewbottleRussell House · Newbottle Working Men's Club · St Matthew's Church, Newbottle · Cellar Hill House · PenshawAll Saints' Church · Penshaw House · Alice Well · Accommodation Arch · Boundary Stone
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