- Liu Qingtang
Liu Qingtang (1932- )(Chinese: 刘庆棠;
pinyin: Líu Qìngtáng) is a Chinese ballet dancer born in Gai County, LiaoningProvince, who made a fame through his role as Hong Changqing in the ballet Red Detachment of Womenof the National Ballet of China, one of the eight model playsduring the Cultural Revolution. Xue Jinghuawas cast as Wu Qinghua in the same ballet.
Liu joined the art troupe of the
People's Liberation Armyin late 1940s, and after the foundation of the People's Republic of Chinain 1949, he studied ethnic dances and balletin Beijingas well as the Soviet Union.
In 1958, Liu Qingtang became well-known in the ballet circuit in China for his successful rendition of the prince Ziegfried in
In 1964, Liu was cast as Hong Changqing in
Red Detachment of Women. This was a task of more politics than of art, as this work was under the auspices and supervision of Jiang Qing, wife of Mao Zedong.
The film version of the ballet was released in 1971, and Liu Qingtang became a household name overnight.
His prominent quality as a ballet dancer and his political savvy enabled him to make leaps and bounds in his political career as well. In February, 1976, Liu was nominated by
Jiang Qingand Zhang Chunqiaofor the vice minister of the Ministry of Culture.
After the downfall of the
Gang of Fourin October, 1976, Lin Qingtang fell into disfavor. In 1983, he was sentenced to 17 years of prison time, and stripped of all political rights for 4 years.
In 1985, he was diagnosed with
cirrhosisof the liver, and was released on bailfor medical treatment. At this time, Liu had been divorced, and had no place to go. His brother in his hometown took him back.
In the early part of the 21st century, Liu Qingtang returned to
Beijingand opened a ballet school there.
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