Ugni molinae


Ugni molinae
Ugni molinae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Ugni
Species: U. molinae
Binomial name
Ugni molinae
Turcz.
Synonyms[1]
  • Eugenia ugni Hook. & Arn.
  • Myrtus molinae Barnéoud ex Gay
  • Myrtus ugni Molina

Ugni molinae, commonly known as Chilean guava,[1] or strawberry myrtle,[1] is a shrub native to Chile and adjacent regions of southern Argentina. The Mapuche Native American name is "Uñi". It is in the same botanical family as the Guava.

The fruit is sometimes marketed as "Ugniberry", as "New Zealand cranberry" in New Zealand,[2] and the name "Tazziberry" has been trademarked in Australia,[3] but it is not a native plant to these countries.

Description

The Ugni is a shrub from 30 cm to 170 cm tall with evergreen foliage. In some exceptional cases the shrub can grow up to 3 m in height. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1-2 cm long and 1-1.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1 cm diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and numerous short stamens; the fruit is a small red, white or purple berry 1 cm diameter. In its natural habitat; the Valdivian temperate rain forests the fruit matures in autumn from March to May.

It was first described by Juan Ignacio Molina (hence its name) in 1782. It was introduced to England in 1844 by the botanist and plant collector William Lobb, where it became a favorite fruit of Queen Victoria. It is also grown as an ornamental plant.

The fruit is cultivated to a small extent. The usage of the fruit in cuisine is limited to southern Chile where it grows. It is used to make the traditional liqueur Murtado that is made of aguardiente and sugar flavoured by conserving murtas inside the bottle. It is also used to make jam and the Murta con membrillo dessert and in Kuchens.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ugni molinae — Chilenische Guave Chilenische Guave (Ugni molinae) Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Rosopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ugni molinae — žemuoginė čilmirtė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mirtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Ugni molinae), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai likeriams), marmeladas.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Ugni molinae — Goyavier du Chili Goyavier de Chili …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ugni molinae — ? Уньи Молины (Уньи чилийский) Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел: Покрытосеменные Класс: Двудольные …   Википедия

  • Ugni molinae — La murta o murtilla (Ugni molinae) es un arbusto de la familia de las mirtáceas, natural de las regiones occidentales de América del Sur; se cultiva por sus frutos, de agradable sabor y aroma, que se emplean extensamente en gastronomía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ugni molinae — ID 86429 Symbol Key UGMO Common Name Chilean guava Family Myrtaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • UGNI MOLINAE TURCZ. - УНИ МОЛИНЫ, У. ЧИЛИЙСКИЙ — см. 676. Дерево. U. molinae Turcz. У. Молины, У. чилийский Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 21, 1 (1848) 579. Дер. и куст. V (I960) 13. S у n. Myrtus ugni Molina; Eugenia ugni Hook, et Arn. М е с т н. н а з в. Чили uñi, murtillo. Р а с п р. Ю. Амер.:… …   Справочник растений

  • Ugni molinae Turcz. — Symbol UGMO Common Name Chilean guava Botanical Family Myrtaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Ugni — Ugni …   Wikipédia en Français


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